Jonathan Duncan Inverarity

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Jonathan Duncan Inverarity (1812 or 1813 – 28 April 1882, Rosemount, Angus) was a civil servant of the Bombay Presidency.[1][2]

He studied at the Edinburgh Academy from 1824 to 1826 before going to Addiscombe in 1826 and Haileybury from 1828 to 1830.[3] Appointed to the Bombay Service in the East India Company, he studied at Hailebury College before he went to India in May 1831 and served initially in the Revenue Department. He later became a deputy collector of customs and then a deputy opium agent at Bombay. He transferred to become collector and magistrate of Abolapore Zilla. In 1854 he resigned and went on furlough for three years. During this period he explored the South Mahratta Country where he was for sometime a political agent and travelled around Mahabaleshwar and present day Uttara Kanara region.[4] In 1859 he succeeded Sir Bartle Frere as Commissioners of Sind, holding the post till 1862,[5] when he was appointed a Member of the Council in Bombay and sworn in on 24 March 1862.[6][7] He retired with an annuity in 1865.[1]

Inverarity's 1830 Haileybury notes of the teachings of Thomas Malthus and his interpretations of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations have been an important source for the study of Malthus' teachings and ideas.[8]

Inverarity married Martha Maria, the eldest daughter of Sir John Pollard Willoughby, at Bombay in 1844. Martha died in 1871 and he later married Agnes Anne Spottiswoode, daughter of Capten Donald Oenas Mackay.[3] They had five sons and a daughter. The eldest son John Duncan Inverarity (1847-1923) was an eminent barrister at the Bombay High Court.[9]


  1. ^ a b "Obituary". The Times. London. 6 May 1882. p. 12. 
  2. ^ Obituary Notices for the Year 1882. London: Index Society. 1883. p. 54. 
  3. ^ a b The Edinburgh Academy Register. A record of all those who have entered the school since its foundation in 1824. Edinburgh: T&A Constable. 1914. p. 3. 
  4. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald Thursday 23 August 1855
  5. ^ Provinces of British India - Rulers
  6. ^ 'The Civil Service - Foreign Office', The Times, 15 February 1862
  7. ^ "India". North London News. British Newspaper Archive. 26 April 1862. Retrieved 23 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ Pullen, John M. (1981). "The Inverarity Manuscript". History of Political Economy. 13: 794–811. doi:10.1215/00182702-13-4-794. 
  9. ^ "Family of the Rev George Gleig, Arbroath" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Henry Bartle Frere
Commissioner in Sind
Succeeded by
Samuel Mansfield