Jonathan Grudin at Microsoft Research in 2009.
Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
|Alma mater||Reed College
|Doctoral advisor||Donald Norman|
|Doctoral students||Rebecca Grinter
|Known for||Grudin number
|Notable awards||ACM SIGCHI CHI Academy
CSCW Lasting Impact Award
Jonathan Grudin is a Principal Design Researcher at Microsoft working in the fields of human-computer interaction (HCI) and computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW). Grudin is a pioneer of the field of CSCW and one of its most prolific contributors. His collaboration distance to other HCI researchers has been described by the Grudin number. Grudin is also well known for the Grudin Paradox or Grudin Problem, which states basically with respect to the design of collaborative software for organizational settings, "What may be in the managers' best interests may not be in the interests of individual contributors, and therefore not used." He was awarded the inaugural CSCW Lasting Impact Award in 2014 on the basis of this work. He has also written about the publication culture and history of HCI. His book From Tool to Partner, The Evolution of Human-Computer Interaction was published in 2017.
Prior to working at Microsoft Research, Grudin was a Professor of Information and Computer Science at the University of California, Irvine from 1991 to 1998. His career has spanned numerous institutions. He worked at Wang Laboratories as a Computer Programmer (1974–1975 and 1983–1986) . He was a Visiting Scientist in the Psychology and Artificial Intelligence Laboratories at MIT (1976–1979) and then a NATO Postdoctoral Fellow at the Medical Research Council’s Applied Psychology Unit (now known as the Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (1982–1983)). He spent from 1986-1989 at the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation before taking a series of faculty positions (including visiting professorships) at Aarhus University (1989–1991), the University of California, Irvine (1991–1998), Keio University (1995) and the University of Oslo (1997).
From 1997 to 2003, he was Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), one of the most prestigious journals in the field of HCI. Grudin was inducted into the selective ACM SIGCHI CHI Academy in 2004. In 2012, he was made an ACM Fellow for "contributions to human computer interaction with an emphasis on computer supported cooperative work." He holds a B.A. in mathematics and physics from Reed College (1972), a M.S. in mathematics from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the University of California, San Diego (1981), where he was advised by Donald Norman.
- Horn, Daniel B.; Thomas A. Finholt; Jeremy P. Birnholtz; Dheeraj Motwani; Swapnaa Jayaraman (2004). Six degrees of jonathan grudin: a social network analysis of the evolution and impact of CSCW research. ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. ACM Press. pp. 582–591. doi:10.1145/1031607.1031707.
- Grudin, Jonathan (1989). "Why groupware applications fail: problems in design and evaluation.". Office: Technology and People. 4 (3): 245–264.
- Ackerman, Mark S.; Christine Halverson (2003). "Sharing Expertise: The Next Step for Knowledge Management". In Volker Wulf; Marlene Huysman. Social Capital and Information Technology. Cambridge, Mass., USA: MIT Press.
Grudin  framed what is sometimes called the Grudin paradox: What may be in the managers’ best interests may not be in the ordinary users’ interests.
- "SIGCHI 2004 Awards". SIGCHI. 2004. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- "Curriculum Vitae". Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- "ACM TOCHI Editorial Board: Past Editors". ACM SIGCHI. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- "ACM Fellows - Jonathan Grudin". ACM Fellows. Association for Computing Machinery. 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012.