Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright (1821–1863)

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Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright II
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright II NH 79277.jpg
Born (1821-07-27)July 27, 1821
New York City
Died January 1, 1863(1863-01-01) (aged 41)
off Galveston, Texas
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1837-1863
Rank USN lt rank insignia.jpg Lieutenant
Commands held Harriet Lane
Battles/wars American Civil War
Relations

Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright II (July 27, 1821 – January 1, 1863) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War, who was killed in action during the Battle of Galveston.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Wainwright was born on July 27, 1821 in New York City to Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright I and Amelia Maria Phelps.[1][2]

He entered the United States Navy on June 30, 1837, at age 16, as a midshipman. He attended the Philadelphia Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1842 to 1843, and became a passed midshipman on June 29, 1843.[1]

He married Maria Byrd Page on February 8, 1844 in Virginia. They had four children including Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright III and Robert Powell Page Wainwright.[3] His daughter Marie, later Mrs. Louis James, attained some reputation as an actress.

He was appointed acting-master, November 10, 1849, and commissioned lieutenant, September 17, 1850. He was on special duty in Washington, DC in 1861.[1]

He commanded the Harriet Lane, Admiral David Dixon Porter's flagship in Farragut's fleet, in the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and took part in operations below Vicksburg.

He was killed in action when his ship was attacked and captured by Confederate forces under the command of General John Bankhead Magruder during the Battle of Galveston on January 1, 1863.[1][3][4] His body was lost at sea.

Legacy[edit]

His grandson, Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, was a general during World War II.

Honors[edit]

Three ships have been named USS Wainwright for Jonathan and some of his relatives.[5][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright". Officers of the Army and the Navy (regular) who Served in the Civil War. 1892. 
  2. ^ a b Rossiter Johnson; John Howard Brown (1904). "Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright". The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Biographical Society. p. 301. 
  3. ^ a b "Appointments by the President". New York Times. June 21, 1863. 
  4. ^ "Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright". The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. 1893. p. 359. 
  5. ^ "Wainwright I". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 
  6. ^ "Wainwright II". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 
  7. ^ "Wainwright III". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command.