Jonathan P. Jackson
|Jonathan P. Jackson|
|Born||Jonathan Peter Jackson
June 23, 1953
|Died||August 7, 1970
Marin County, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Shooting|
Jonathan Peter Jackson (June 23, 1953 – August 7, 1970) is primarily known for initiating an attempt to negotiate the freedom of the Soledad Brothers (including his older brother George) through the kidnapping of Superior Court judge Harold Haley from the Marin County Civic Center in San Rafael, California, an incident in which he was one of four people killed.
Jackson was the youngest of five children born to Lester and Georgia Bea Jackson. Raised in Pasadena, California, he attended St Andrew's School from 1965-1967 for grades seven and eight, La Salle High School for ninth grade (1967–1968), and then Blair High School through his junior year. Jackson's son, Jonathan Jackson Jr., was born eight and a half months after his father's death.
Marin County incident
Jackson had occasionally worked as a bodyguard for political activist Angela Davis. On August 7, 1970, Jackson brought three guns registered to Davis into the Marin County Hall of Justice, where Judge Haley was presiding over the trial of San Quentin inmate James McClain. He then drew weapons from his satchel, and with the assistance of McClain and Black Panther inmates Ruchell Magee and William A. Christmas took Judge Haley, Deputy District Attorney Gary Thomas and three female jurors hostage.
Upon exiting the courthouse, Jackson and the other kidnappers attempted to flee the courthouse with the hostages in tow. Police responding to the incident opened fire on the van Jackson was driving. At the end of the shootout, Jackson, Haley, McClain and Christmas were dead and McGee and Thomas were seriously injured.
In popular culture
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- Nas pays tribute to George and Jonathan Jackson in his song "Testify" from his untitled album.
- Hasan Salaam references to George and Jonathan Jackson in the song "Get High Riddum" on the album Tales of the Lost Tribe: Hidden Jewels (i.e. "I fight for my freedom like George and John Jackson").
- Dead Prez mentions Jonathan Jackson in the songs "I have a dream too" and "Over" from their mixtape "Revolutionary But Gangsta Grillz "
- Chris Iijima of the band, Yellow Pearl, wrote a song "Jonathan Jackson" in the album A Grain of Sand: Music for the Struggle by Asians in America.
- The 2007 film Black August about Jackson's elder brother George also dramatizes the Marin County incident.
- California Deaths, 1940-1997
- Aptheker, Bettina (1969). The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8597-5.
- Timothy, Mary (1974). Jury Woman. Palo Alto, California: Emty Press. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
- Millies, Stephen (August 3, 2009). "Long live the spirit of Jonathan Jackson". Workers World Newspaper.
- "Justice: A Bad Week for the Good Guys". Time. August 17, 1970.
- Associated Press (August 8, 1970). "Courtroom Escape Attempt/Convicts, Trial Judge Slain". Sarasota Herald.
- FBI Docs Jonathan Jackson FBI File