Jonathan Shipley (1714 – 6 December 1788) was a clergyman in the Church in Wales, also having held offices in the Church of England (including Dean of Winchester from 1760 to 1769), who became Bishop of Llandaff from January to September 1769 and Bishop of St Asaph from September 1769 until his death.
Early life and career
He was the son of a London stationer; his mother's family were owners of Twyford House, a large manor in Winchester, England. His brother, the portrait painter William Shipley (1714–1803), later originated the Society of Arts. Jonathan grew up at Walbrook in the City of London and was educated at Reading School in Berkshire.
He received his college training at St John's College, Oxford, from where he received a BA degree in 1735, an MA degree in 1738, and a DD degree in 1748. He was ordained about 1738, and acted as tutor in the household of the 3rd Earl of Peterborough. In 1743, he became rector of Silchester and Sherborne St John in Hampshire, and prebendary of Winchester. He was appointed to a canonry of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1748, and in 1760 to the deanery of Winchester and the living of Chilbolton, also in Hampshire, which he held in addition to his earlier preferments.
Shipley was painted by Joshua Reynolds - two 1777 prints after the portrait, engraved by John Raphael Smith, are now in the National Portrait Gallery. At least one letter from Reynolds to Shipley survives, dated 25 September 1784 - the artist wrote thanking Shipley for his congratulations on being appointed Chief Painter to the King, declining an invitation to visit him at Chilbolton and hoping to visit him at St Asaph en route for Ireland the following year
On 19 January 1769 he was nominated bishop of Llandaff, with his consecration on 12 February. On 8 September the same year he was translated to be Bishop of St Asaph. He was much concerned with politics, and joined the Whig party in strong opposition to the policy of George III towards the American colonies. In 1774, when the British Parliament were discussing punitive measures against the town of Boston after the Tea Party incident, Shipley was apparently the only Church of England Bishop (who were legally constituted members of Parliament) who raised his voice in opposition. He prepared a speech in protest of the proposed measures, but was not given the opportunity to present it. Therefore, he had it published, but due to the general feeling in England against the rebellious colonies, the speech had no effect. In the speech he pointed out that in the year 1772, the Crown had collected only 85 pounds from the American colonies. He stated: "Money that is earned so dearly as this ought to be expended with great wisdom and economy." For these views, St. Asaph Street in Old Town, Alexandria, Virginia, in the United States, was named after one of Shipley's bishoprics.
Shipley also maintained a strong friendship with the Philadelphia printer Benjamin Franklin, who stayed with Shipley in Winchester, and while there wrote much of his autobiography. In 1784, in a letter to Henry Laurens, Franklin called Shipley "America's constant friend, the good Bishop of Asaph." In 1779, Shipley was the only bishop to advocate the abolition of all laws against Protestant dissenters.
Shipley died at home. Thomas Moule's English Counties (1837 edition) states that the chancel of St Mary's Church, Twyford then contained "a mural monument, with a bust, by Joseph Nollekens" in Shipley's memory. The church was largely rebuilt in the 19th century, and the monument survives In the present building.
Marriage and issue
- A sermon of Rev Dr Jonathan Shipley. Wmcarey.edu. Retrieved on 2012-07-10.
- National Portrait Gallery Index website. Npg.org.uk. Retrieved on 2012-07-10.
- Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, page 113
- Jeptha R. Simms (1845). History of Schoharie County. Rootsweb.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-10.
- Emily Georgiana S. Reilly (1839). Historical anecdotes of the families of the Boleynes, Careys, Mordaunts, Hamiltons, and Jocelyns, arranged as an elucidation of the genealogical chart at Tollymore Park. Revised. p. 69.
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Shipley, Jonathan". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 982.