Jones County, Georgia

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Jones County, Georgia
Jones County Courthouse 2012-10-04 14-37-17.jpg
Jones County Courthouse in Gray
Map of Georgia highlighting Jones County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1807
Named for James Jones
Seat Gray
Largest city Gray
Area
 • Total 395 sq mi (1,023 km2)
 • Land 394 sq mi (1,020 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 28,669
 • Density 70/sq mi (60/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Jones County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,669.[1] The county seat is Gray.[2] The county was created on December 10, 1807 and named after U.S. Representative James Jones.[3]

History[edit]

Jones County along with Morgan County, Putnam County, and Old Randolph were established by an act of the Georgia General Assembly passed on December 10, 1807 from land that had originally been part Baldwin County in 1803 and, earlier, part of the Creek Nation. Jones County was originally bounded by a line running North 56° East to Commissioners Creek, then North 15° West to Cedar Creek, then up the creek to corner Randolph County and Putnam County, then along a line to Ocmulgee River, and then down the river to where the old county line between Wilkinson County and Baldwin County was.[4] It excluded parts of what is now Bibb County east of the Ocmulgee River, including the location of Fort Benjamin Hawkins, as they were part of a reserve guaranteed to the Creek Nation. Those areas were later added to Jones County after the Treaty of Indian Springs.[5]

During the initial months of existence a town known as Albany served as the county seat of Jones County. Albany's exact location is unknown, but it might have been simply renamed Clinton. Clinton was established as the county seat by the Georgia General Assembly on December 22, 1808.[6] Clinton became incorporated as a town in 1816.[7] During the 1800s Clinton grew as a center of commerce and the cotton trade. Clinton remained one of the most populous cities in Georgia in the middle 1800s.

In December 1810 Jones County gained a portion of Putnam County between Cedar Creek and their original border.[8] In December 1822 Bibb County was established and Jones County lost some of its land to that county.

Before the American Civil War a few factories sprang up in the county including a cotton gin factory at Griswoldville in the southern portion of the county and a woolen factory at Wallace. Griswoldville was founded by Samuel Griswold in the 1850s. During the Civil War, the cotton gin factory was reformatted so it could produce pistols and other weapons for the Confederate Army. In addition, Griswoldville was located on the railway linking Macon to Savannah. Thus it became a prime target in 1864 as the Union Army moved through Georgia. On November 20, 1864, the town and the factories in it were burned as part of Sherman's March to the Sea. Days later the Battle of Griswoldville took place in the area. The town of Griswoldville was not rebuilt.

Many other areas in Jones County were damaged by the Union Army during that time period. The Jarrell Plantation State Historic Site in Jones County showcases one of the few and well-preserved antebellum plantations in Georgia.

In the 1890s a railroad line owned by the Central of Georgia Railway named the Macon & Northern Railroad was built through the county and bypassed Clinton by a mile after citizens wanted the line to not pass through the town. By the early 1900s the population had shifted northeastward and the city of Gray was established. On June 27, 1905 the citizens of Jones County voted on the issues of moving the county seat from Clinton to Gray. The results were 1,289 votes in favor of moving the county seat to Gray and 51 votes for keeping the county seat at Clinton. On August 9, 1905 Gray became the new county seat of Jones County.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 395 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 394 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.[10]

The western half of Jones County, west of Gray, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The northeastern quarter of the county, north of Gray, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin, while the southeastern corner of Jones County is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the larger Altamaha River basin.[11]

Major highways[edit]

Rivers[edit]

  • Ocmulgee River

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 8,597
1820 16,570 92.7%
1830 13,345 −19.5%
1840 10,065 −24.6%
1850 10,224 1.6%
1860 9,107 −10.9%
1870 9,436 3.6%
1880 11,613 23.1%
1890 12,709 9.4%
1900 13,358 5.1%
1910 13,103 −1.9%
1920 13,269 1.3%
1930 8,992 −32.2%
1940 8,331 −7.4%
1950 7,538 −9.5%
1960 8,468 12.3%
1970 12,218 44.3%
1980 16,579 35.7%
1990 20,739 25.1%
2000 23,639 14.0%
2010 28,669 21.3%
Est. 2015 28,494 [12] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,669 people, 10,586 households, and 7,973 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 72.8 inhabitants per square mile (28.1/km2). There were 11,688 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile (11.5/km2).[18] The racial makeup of the county was 73.2% white, 24.4% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 15.2% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.4% were German.[19]

Of the 10,586 households, 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 38.7 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,717 and the median income for a family was $56,038. Males had a median income of $44,769 versus $32,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,598. About 10.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.[20]

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

  • Blountsville
  • Bradley
  • Cardswell (later known Cardsville)
  • Cheatham
  • Clinton
  • Crutchfield
  • Cumelo
  • East Juliette
  • Ethridge
  • Fortville
  • James
  • Glovers
  • Gray
  • Griswoldville
  • Haddock
  • Hester
  • Lannington
  • Midway
  • Morton
  • Plentitude
  • Poverty Hill
  • Roberts
  • Round Oak
  • Slocumb
  • Todd
  • Tranquilla
  • Van Buren
  • Wallace
  • Wayside

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 170. 
  4. ^ Article An Act To lay out and identify, six new counties out of the counties of Baldwin and Wilkinson., Acts of the State of Georgia Passed in 1807, Act No. 1 of 10 December 1807
  5. ^ Article An Act To dispose of and distribute the lands lately acquired by the United States for the use of Georgia, of the Creek Nation of Indians, by a treaty made and concluded at the Indian Spring, on the eighth day of January, eighteen hundred and twenty-one; and to add the Reserve at Fort Hawkins to the county of Jones., Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia: Passed at Milledgville, At an Extra Session, In April and May, 1821, Act No. 1 of 15 May 1821
  6. ^ Article To establish the site of public buildings in the county of JONES, and to appropriate the money arising from the sale of lots., Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia: Passed at Milledgville, At An Annual Session, In November and December, 1808, 22 December 1808
  7. ^ Article To Incorporate the town of Clinton, in the county of Jones, and for the appointment of Commissioners for the better regulation and government of said town., Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia: Passed at Milledgville, At An Annual Session, In November and December, 1816, Act No. 45 of 4 December 1816
  8. ^ Article To add a part of Putnam county to Jones county., Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia: Passed at Milledgville in November and December 1810, Act No. 29 of 15 December 1810
  9. ^ Article Jones County, County Site Changed from Clinton to Gray., Acts and Resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia 1905, Act No. 64 of 9 August 1905
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  12. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  18. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 

Coordinates: 33°02′N 83°34′W / 33.03°N 83.57°W / 33.03; -83.57