|City of Jonesboro|
"People, Pride, Progress"
|Incorporated||February 19, 1859|
|• Mayor||Harold Copenhaver|
|• City||80.73 sq mi (209.09 km2)|
|• Land||80.18 sq mi (207.66 km2)|
|• Water||0.55 sq mi (1.43 km2)|
|Elevation||259 ft (79 m)|
|• Density||1,022.40/sq mi (393.41/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077389|
Jonesboro is a city located on Crowley's Ridge in the northeastern corner of the U.S. State of Arkansas. Jonesboro is one of two county seats of Craighead County. In 2023, the city had a population of 81,969 and was the fifth-largest city in Arkansas at the time. In 2023, the Jonesboro metropolitan area had a population of 135,287 and a population of 179,932 in the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2022)
The Jonesboro area was first inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, historic tribes included the Osage, the Caddo, and the Quapaw. The name of the state of Arkansas comes from the Quapaw language. French and Spanish traders and trappers had relations with these groups.
After the United States acquired this territory in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, American settlers eventually made their way to the area where Jonesboro is located. They began exploring, hunting, trapping, and trading with the local Indian tribes. A permanent settlement of Jonesboro was set up shortly after 1859. When Craighead County was established.
In 1859, land was taken from nearby Greene, Mississippi, and Poinsett counties and was used to form Craighead County. Jonesboro was designated as the original county seat. As the population increased in the west of the county, Lake City was named as the second seat. Jonesboro had 150 residents in 1859. It was named after State Senator William A. Jones in recognition of his support for the formation of Craighead County. Originally spelled Jonesborough, the city name was later shortened to its present-day spelling.
In 1881, a young woman was brutally murdered in an apparent robbery. Her father had left their farm for a short while and returned to find her in a pool of her own blood. Four black men were arrested in conjunction with the crime, and after their trial, The Jonesboro Lynching of 1881 took place at midnight on March 12. The Decatur Daily Republican reported that the four men, called Green Harris (sometimes referred to as Hawes), Giles Peck, John Woods (sometimes referred to as Jud Woods), and Burt Hoskins (sometimes referred to as Haskins)—had been arrested and tried before magistrates Jackson and Akers at New Haven Church, eight miles north of Jonesboro. The hearing, which found that the men were guilty, was attended by several hundred people. According to this and several other reports, the accused made a complete confession. The magistrates bound them over to the grand jury, and they were ordered taken to the jail in Jonesboro. The hour being late, however, it was decided to hold them overnight in the church under a strong guard. The large crowd gradually dispersed, "muttering threats of vengeance." Around midnight, between 200 and 300 masked men surrounded the church, overpowered the guards, and broke in the doors and windows. They seized the accused, dragged them to a tree about 200 yards away, and hanged them. Once again, the crowd dispersed, "leaving the bodies of their victims dangling in the air and presenting a horrible spectacle in the moonlight." According to the Republican, "The crime and punishment form one of the blackest pages in the annals of the state."
During the late 19th century, the city tried to develop its court system and downtown infrastructure. Shortly after the city was named county seat, the highest point in Jonesboro was identified and a courthouse was planned for construction. This was delayed for several years, for the locals did not want to ruin their deer hunting. The first courthouse was finally completed but was destroyed by a fire in 1869. A store across from this site was rented and used as a courthouse. It was destroyed in an 1876 fire. Another building was constructed on the same site, but it fell to a fire in 1878, a major one that destroyed most of downtown Jonesboro. Soon afterward, another courthouse was constructed; it was replaced by the present courthouse in 1934.
The St. Louis Southwestern Railway, known as the Cotton Belt Railroad was constructed through Jonesboro, with its tracks passing just north of the center of the city. During the first train's journey, it became stuck and supplies had to be carried into town. It connected St. Louis to points in Arkansas and Texas. Other major railways began to construct tracks to and from Jonesboro, including the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway and Missouri Pacific Railroad. Some of the rail companies still own and use the tracks that run through Jonesboro.
The city set up the Jonesboro School District in 1899. In 1900, St. Bernard's Regional Medical Center was established by the Olivetan Benedictine Sisters. The Grand Leader Department Store, the first department store in the city, was opened in 1900. Woodland College and two schools within the Jonesboro School District were opened in 1904. Arkansas State College (now Arkansas State University) was established in 1909, a year in which the first horseless carriages were driven in the city. There is a recording on a Sanborn Fire Insurance Map dating back to March 1897 of a Presbyterian Church existing at the corner of Church St. and Monroe, and a Christian church located at the corner of Union and Huntington Ave. Other early churches of the city were started in the 1910s. First Baptist Church was founded in 1911, and First Methodist Church in 1916.
Wade Thomas was lynched on December 26, 1920, in downtown Jonesboro. A large white mob seized Thomas after he allegedly shot local Patrolman Elmer Ragland during a Christmas Day raid on a local dice game. He was paraded through the town and then hanged and his body riddled with bullets.
On September 10, 1931, Governor Harvey Parnell authorized the Arkansas National Guard to be deployed in Jonesboro to quell the Church War, a clash between the followers of Joe Jeffers and Dow H. Heard, the pastor of the First Baptist Church of Jonesboro. Jeffers' supporters also attacked the mayor and police chief, resulting in front-page coverage of the incident in The New York Times.
On May 15, 1968 an F4 tornado struck Jonesboro, destroying 164 homes. At least 34 people died and more than 350 people were injured as a result of the tornado which struck the town without warning at 10:00pm that night.
The 1998 Westside Middle School shooting occurred on March 24. Two young boys (aged 11 and 13 years) fired upon students at Westside Middle School while hidden in woodlands near the school. They killed four students and one teacher, and injured 10 persons.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 80.5 square miles (208.4 km2), of which 79.9 square miles (206.9 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 0.72%, is water.
|Climate data for Jonesboro 2 NE, AR (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||82
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||66.7
|Average high °F (°C)||45.6
|Daily mean °F (°C)||36.1
|Average low °F (°C)||26.7
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||10.9
|Record low °F (°C)||−18
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.90
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||1.0
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||9.1||8.6||10.2||9.4||10.1||7.3||7.8||7.2||6.6||8.3||9.2||9.6||103.4|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||0.7||0.8||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||0.3||2.2|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||16,172||20.90%|
|Hispanic or Latino||5,716||7.27%|
As of the census of 2013, there were 71,551 people, 26,111 households, and 16,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 697.1 inhabitants per square mile (269.2/km2). There were 28,321 housing units at an average density of 304.7 per square mile (117.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 18.4% Black, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 5.2% of the population were Hispanic.
There were 26,111 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. There are 878 unmarried partner households: 776 heterosexual, 50 same-sex male, and 52 same-sex female households. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,196, and the median income for a family was $42,082. Males had a median income of $21,633 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,884. About 12.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Mall at Turtle Creek, opened in 2006, was the largest mall in northeast Arkansas and was the only enclosed mall constructed in the country that year. The mall closed in 2020 due to tornado damage; currently, the only stores in operation at Turtle Creek are Dillard's, JCPenney, and Target. Before The Mall at Turtle Creek opened, Indian Mall, named for the former mascot of Arkansas State University, was the primary shopping destination in northeast Arkansas. The Indian Mall was demolished in 2012.
Arts and culture
Points of interest
Craighead Forest Park is a city-owned park located on Crowley's Ridge featuring a 60-acre fishing lake, camping facilities, hiking/biking trails, nature areas, picnic sites and recreational fields.
In 2004 the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission opened the 160-acre Forrest L. Wood Crowley's Ridge Nature Center in south Jonesboro, adjacent to Craighead Forest Park. The center includes exhibits on the origins and history of the Ridge, wildlife, educational models and displays, land and water features, hiking trails, an observation tower and an auditorium.
Located on the ASU campus, the Arkansas State University Museum is accredited by the American Association of Museums and features 21,000 square feet of historic, archaeological, and natural history exhibits. The museum focuses on the history and cultural heritage of Northeast Arkansas and the Mississippi River Delta region.
Arkansas State University is located in Jonesboro. New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine maintains a second location on Arkansas State University's campus in Wilson Hall.
The Northeast Arkansas Career & Tech Center is also located in Jonesboro.
Elementary and secondary education
There are six public school districts operating within the city limits of Jonesboro:
- Jonesboro School District
- Valley View School District
- Nettleton School District
- Westside Consolidated School District
- Bay School District
- Brookland School District
Prior to School integration in the United States, a separate set of schools was maintained for White and Black children. Booker T. Washington High School provided education for Black children from surrounding areas under contract at until the schools were finally integrated. Jonesboro was a leader in educating African-American Children.[who?]
|KASU||91.9||Public Radio||91.9 KASU|
|K224DW (KDXY-HD3)||92.7||Soft AC||EZ 92.7 FM|
|K237FI (KNEA)||95.3||Sports||95.3 The Ticket|
|K253BQ (KJBX-HD2)||98.5||Classic Country||98.5 The Outlaw|
|KEGI||100.5||Classic Rock||100.5 The Eagle Rocks|
|K267AS (KBTM)||101.3||News/Talk||News Talk 101.3 KBTM|
|KIYS||101.7||Top 40 (CHR)||101.7 KISS-FM|
|KFLO-LP||102.9||Adult Hits||KFLO 102.9FM|
|KDXY||104.9||Country||104.9 The Fox|
|KJBX||106.3||Hot AC||Mix 106.3|
|K298AV (KDXY-HD2)||107.5||Rhythmic Top 40 (CHR)||107.5 The Party Station|
|KFIN||107.9||Country||The BIG 107.9 KFIN|
|KNEA||970||Sports||95.3 The Ticket|
|KBTM||1230||News/Talk||News Talk 101.3 KBTM|
The region is served by the Jonesboro Municipal Airport.
The city is served by the Jonesboro Economic Transit System (JETS). As of 2011, JETS operates three fixed routes, as well as para-transit service for disabled persons. Intercity bus service to the city is provided by Greyhound Lines.
List of highways
- Al Bramlet, former labor union leader
- Austin Cook, professional golfer
- Ben Murphy, actor, known for role in Alias Smith and Jones
- Billy Lee Riley, rockabilly musician, best known for "Flyin' Saucers Rock 'n' Roll" and "Red Hot"
- Blake Anderson, football coach
- Wes Bentley, actor
- Bobby Lee Trammell, rockabilly musician
- Brandt Smith, member of the Arkansas House of Representatives
- Charley Thornton, college sports administrator
- Dan A. Sullivan, member of Arkansas House of Representatives since 2015
- David Auburn, playwright and screenwriter, best known for Proof
- David Ring, Christian evangelist and motivational speaker
- Debbye Turner, winner of Miss America 1990
- Dustin McDaniel, former Arkansas attorney general
- Dwight Tosh, member of Arkansas House of Representatives since 2015
- Earl Bell, pole vaulter and Olympian
- Evan Lindquist, first Artist Laureate of Arkansas
- Ferd Dreher, football player
- Francis Cherry, former Arkansas governor (1953–1955)
- Frederick C. Turner, Jr., one of the first Black students and first Black faculty member at ASU; U.S. Army officer
- Gene Bradley, former quarterback for the New Jersey Generals
- Harold Copenhaver, current mayor of Jonesboro
- Hattie Wyatt Caraway, first woman elected to the U.S. Senate
- Jeff Hartwig, pole vaulter
- Jeremy Sivits, former U.S. Army soldier discharged after connections to Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse
- John Grisham, novelist
- John W. Snyder, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Harry S. Truman
- Jon Olsen, Olympic gold medalist swimmer
- Julia Butterfly Hill, environmental activist
- Kyle Dean Massey, Broadway actor
- Larry Lacewell, former director of scouting for Dallas Cowboys; adoptive father of Super Bowl champion Barry Switzer's children
- Malik Monk, basketball player
- Matt Cavenaugh, Broadway actor
- Michelle Gray, state representative since 2013
- Paul Caraway, son of Hattie Caraway; high commissioner of U.S. Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands
- Rick Crawford, U.S. Congressman
- Rodger Bumpass, voice of Squidward on SpongeBob SquarePants
- W. Stephen Smith, voice teacher, author, and Northwestern University professor
- Zach Williams, Christian rock artist
- List of cities and towns in Arkansas
- List of municipalities in Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Craighead County, Arkansas
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
- "QuickFacts Jonesboro city, Arkansas". US CENSUS. U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro, AR Metro Area, Arkansas". Census Reporter. February 4, 2022.
- "Jonesboro - Paragould (Combined Statistical Area, Combined Metropolitan Areas (Tibet), USA) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "History of Jonesboro". Archived from the original on December 28, 2007.
- "Craighead County Arkansas Genealogy Trails". Genealogytrails.com. March 3, 2006. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 170.
- ""Jonesboro Lynching of 1881". Encyclopedia of Arkansas
- "Jonesboro Public School System". Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
- "St. Bernard's Medical Center: History & Facts". Archived from the original on November 14, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
- "About Arkansas State University". asunews.astate.edu. Archived from the original on January 12, 2008.
- Lancaster, Guy (February 1, 2019). "The unbearable whiteness of being - What's lost when we consider the history of racial violence from a white perspective". Arkansas Times. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
- "Arkansas Mob Hangs Slayer of Policeman". New-York Tribune. New York City. 1920. p. 3. ISSN 1941-0646. OCLC 9405688. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
- Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant tornadoes, 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, Vermont: Environmental Films. p. 1099. ISBN 1-879362-03-1.
- "Storm Prediction Center WCM Page: Severe Weather Database Files (1950-2014)". Storm Prediction Center. Storm Prediction Center. March 17, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- "Remembering the 1973 Jonesboro, Arkansas, Tornado". May 26, 2013.
- Goodwyn, Wade (March 23, 2018). "20 Years Later, Jonesboro Shooting Survivors Conflicted Over Parkland". NPR. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- "KAIT - Jonesboro, AR: Teachers get Ready for Magnet Schools". Archived from the original on November 14, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
- "Large, destructive tornado strikes Jonesboro, Ark., leaving behind 'severe' damage". The Washington Post.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- "Station: Jonesboro 2 NE, AR". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "The Mall at Turtle Creek to hold grand opening March 28-April 8 - Memphis Business Journal". Memphis Business Journal. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "Barnes & Noble to not reopen, will seek alternative locations if economic conditions improve". KAIT8. September 4, 2020. Retrieved August 12, 2022.
- Waldon, George (November 3, 2003). "Developers vie for new mall in Jonesboro". Arkansas Business. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
- "The walls of Indian Mall will soon come down". KAIT8. January 18, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
- "Craighead Forest Park".
- "Crowley's Ridge Parkway National Scenic Byway | Jonesboro, AR | Arkansas.com". www.arkansas.com. Retrieved March 9, 2023.
- "Forrest L. Wood Crowley's Ridge Nature Center".
- University, Arkansas State. "A-State". www.astate.edu. Retrieved March 9, 2023.
- "Jonesboro, Arkansas". New York Institute of Technology. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "Home". neactc.ss7.sharpschool.com.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Craighead County, AR" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Encyclopedia of Arkansas". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
- "Bus Routes". Retrieved July 21, 2023.
- "Frederick C. Turner, Jr".
- "Michelle Gray's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- Hendricks, Nancy (July 14, 2021). "Jonesboro (Craighead County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Little Rock, Ark.: CALS. jonesboro-862. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- Spiva, Dave (August 2021). "Arkansas Post Distributes $200,000 in Federal Grants to Veterans in Need". VFW Magazine. Vol. 108, no. 10. Kansas City, Mo.: Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States. pp. 36–37. ISSN 0161-8598.
The state of Arkansas granted federal pandemic-relief funds to a VFW Post in northern Arkansas. The Post Commander says all funds have gone to veterans and families in need.