Motto: People, Pride, ProgressNicknames: JoBro, the Borough, J Town, J-Boogie
Location in the state of Arkansas
|Incorporated||February 19, 1859|
|• Mayor||Harold Perrin|
|• City||79.3 sq mi (205.4 km2)|
|• Land||79.9 sq mi (206.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||259 ft (79 m)|
|Population (2012 United States Census Estimate)|
|• Density||879/sq mi (339.3/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077389|
Jonesboro is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. According to the 2013 Census, the population of the city was 71,551.  A college town, Jonesboro is the largest city in northeastern Arkansas and the fifth most populous city in the state. It is the principal city of and is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2010, the Jonesboro metropolitan area had a population of 121,026 and a population of 163,116 in the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area.
Jonesboro is home to Arkansas State University and is a regional center for manufacturing, agriculture, medicine, education, and trade.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Education
- 7 In popular culture and trivia
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Shopping
- 10 Local television and radio
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The history of Jonesboro begins with settlement of the region by indigenous peoples during the Paleo-Indian period beginning in about 12,000 BC. Subsequent periods of native life emerged until the 17th century. New France set up small settlements, and in 1803 Napoleonic France sold the area to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Statehood for Arkansas came following a compromise in 1820 that allowed slavery. Settlement was rapid after 1820, aided by a network of rivers navigable by steamboats, centered in the dominant city St. Louis. The Civil War saw numerous small battles and control by the Union. After the war, its economy became more diverse, and railroads, centered in Kansas City, opened up new farmlands in the west. In the early 20th century Progressive reforms sought to modernize state and local government and minimize political corruption. During the 20th century, Arkansas' economy diversified further, and it developed a balanced agricultural and economic sector. By the 21st century manufacturing was fading, as service industries grew, especially in medicine, education and tourism. Agriculture remained profitable, as the farms grew larger and fewer people lived on them.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 80.5 square miles (208.4 km2), of which 79.9 square miles (206.9 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 0.72%, is water.
|Climate data for Jonesboro|
|Average high °F (°C)||46
|Average low °F (°C)||26
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.29
As of the census of 2013, there were 71,551 people, 26,111 households, and 16,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 697.1 people per square mile (269.1/km²). There were 28,321 housing units at an average density of 304.7 per square mile (117.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 18.4% Black, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 5.2% of the population were Hispanic.
There were 26,111 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. There are 878 unmarried partner households: 776 heterosexual, 50 same-sex male, and 52 same-sex female households. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,196, and the median income for a family was $42,082. Males had a median income of $21,633 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,884. About 12.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The area is served by the Jonesboro Economic Transit System (JETS). As of 2011, JETS operates three fixed routes, as well as para-transit service for disabled persons.
List of highways
Elementary and secondary education
There are four public school districts operating within the city limits of Jonesboro. They include:
- Jonesboro School District
- Valley View School District
- Nettleton School District
- Westside Consolidated School District
Jonesboro is the main campus of the following Division I school:
In popular culture and trivia
- Jonesboro is the place of death of the fictional character Rooster Cogburn in Charles Portis' novel True Grit, and in its 1969 and 2010 film adaptations.
- Numerous references to the city are made in Jonesboro native John Grisham's book A Painted House and in the 2003 movie of the same title. The story takes place in Craighead County, and the movie was filmed in the town of Lepanto in neighboring Poinsett County.
- Elvis Presley, who frequently played the high school and college dance circuit in the Jonesboro area, became an honorary member of Tau Kappa Epsilon of Arkansas State University.
- Nettleton, a community annexed to Jonesboro in the 1960s, made national headlines in 1939 when a local minister's teenaged daughter wore short pants in public.
- In the 2012 bestseller Gone Girl by Gillian Flynn, the female lead buys a used car in Jonesboro, meeting the sellers in the parking lot of a Wal-Mart.
- David Auburn, playwright and screenplay writer, best known for his award-winning play (and adapted screenplay) for Proof
- Earl Bell, former pole vault champion and current coach of top US men and women vaulters
- Wes Bentley, actor best known for his role as Ricky in American Beauty
- Paul Bookout, former state senator for District 21; state Senate President, 2011 to 2013
- Gene Bradley, gridiron football player
- Rodger Bumpass, the voice of Squidward Tentacles on SpongeBob SquarePants
- Hattie Caraway, first woman elected to the United States Senate
- Paul Caraway, son of Hattie Caraway; High Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands
- Matt Cavenaugh, Broadway actor
- Francis Cherry, governor of Arkansas from 1953 to 1955
- John Cooper, Republican state senator for District 21 since 2014; resident of Jonesboro
- Rick Crawford, U.S. congressman from Arkansas
- Woody Freeman, businessman; Republican gubernatorial nominee in 1984
- Michelle Gray, state representative since 2013 from Melbourne; former resident of Jonesboro
- John Grisham, novelist
- Julia Butterfly Hill, environmental activist
- Larry Lacewell, former American football player, coach and scout
- Jack Ladyman, mechanical engineer and Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from a part of Craighead County
- Mary Lambert, film director (Pet Sematary); various Madonna music videos
- Evan Lindquist, artist and first Artist Laureate of the State of Arkansas
- Kyle Dean Massey, Broadway actor
- Dustin McDaniel, current Arkansas Attorney General
- Pete Mead, middleweight boxing champion of the 1940s
- Ben Murphy, actor, formerly of ABC's Alias Smith and Jones
- Jon Olsen, Olympic gold medalist swimmer
- David Ring, motivational speaker with cerebral palsy
- Brandt Smith, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for District 58 in Craighead County; former Southern Baptist missionary
- John W. Snyder, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Harry S. Truman
- Dan A. Sullivan, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Jonesboro since 2015
- Charley Thornton, sports figure
- Dwight Tosh, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Jonesboro since 2015
- Bobby Lee Trammell, rockabilly musician
- Debbye Turner, Miss America 1990
The Mall at Turtle Creek, opened in 2006, is the largest mall in northeast Arkansas. Before the opening of the mall, the Indian Mall was the primary shopping destination in northeast Arkansas. In 2012, Indian Mall, named for the former mascot of Arkansas State University, was demolished. The only store to remain in its original location was Sears.
Local television and radio
- KASU-FM 91.9 FM Public Radio
- K224DW (KDXY-FM/HD2) 92.7 FM Sports ESPN Jonesboro
- K237FI (KNEA-AM) 95.3 FM Sports 95.3 The Ticket
- K253BQ (KJBX-FM/HD2) 98.5 FM Religious Sunny 98.5
- KEGI-FM 100.5 FM Classic Rock 100.5 The Eagle Rocks
- K267AS (KBTM-AM) 101.3 FM News/Talk News Talk 1230
- KIYS-FM 101.7 FM Top 40 101.7 KISS-FM
- KDXY-FM 104.9 FM Country 104.9 The Fox
- KJBX-FM 106.3 FM Hot AC The Mix 106.3
- K298AV (KDXY-FM/HD3) 107.5 FM Top 40 107.5 The Party Station
- KFIN-FM 107.9 FM Country 107.9 K-FINE
- KNEA-AM 970 AM Sports 95.3 The Ticket
- KBTM-AM 1230 AM News/Talk News Talk 1230
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro, AR Metro Area, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Average weather for Jonesboro, Arkensas". Weather.com. July 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Jonesboro Public Schools
- Valley View School District, Jonesboro AR
- Nettleton Public Schools
- Westside Schools
- "Elvis Presley : October 24, 1960 : Arkansas State College and the - Man of the Year Award". www.elvis.com.au. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- "Arkansas Community Split by Knee Issue". Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Michelle Gray's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- "10 Best Cities for Cheapskates". Kiplinger. 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jonesboro, Arkansas.|
- City of Jonesboro official website
- Former Jonesboro Railroad Depot photo
- "Local Jonesboro Ar information" Information on Jonesboro, Arkansas, including maps and addresses
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: Jonesboro (Craighead County)