Jonha Falls

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Jonha Falls
Jonha falls.jpg
Location Ranchi district, Jharkhand
Coordinates 23°20′30″N 85°36′30″E / 23.34167°N 85.60833°E / 23.34167; 85.60833
Total height 43 metres (141 ft)
Watercourse Gunga River

The Jonha Falls (Hindi: जोन्हा जलप्रपात) (also called Gautamdhara Falls) is a waterfall located in Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

The falls[edit]

Situated at an edge of the Ranchi plateau, the Jonha Falls is an example of a hanging valley falls. The Gunga River hangs over its master stream, Raru River and forms the falls.[1] One has to descend 722 steps to admire the surroundings.[2] Water in the falls drops from a height of 43 metres (141 ft).[3]

The Jonha Falls is an example of a nick point caused by rejuvenation. Knick point, also called a nick point or simply nick, represents breaks in slopes in the longitudinal profile of a river caused by rejuvenation. The break in channel gradient allows water to fall vertically giving rise to a waterfall.[4]

Culture[edit]

There is a tourist rest house which encloses a Buddhist shrine with a deity of Lord Gautama Buddha.[2] A temple and an ashram dedicated to Buddha was built atop Gautam Pahar by the sons of Raja Baldevdas Birla.[5] A fair is organized in Jonha every Tuesday and Saturday.[2]

Transport[edit]

The Jonha Falls is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Ranchi. It is approachable by both road and train.[6] Jonha Station is just 1.5 km from the fall. For travel by road, one has to take the Ranchi-Purulia Road and after travelling for about 20 miles (32 km) one has to travel about 3 miles (4.8 km) off the main road.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Physical Geography: Hydrosphere By K. Bharatdwaj. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  2. ^ a b c "Jonha Falls". must see India. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  3. ^ "High and dry- Dasam drained, Hundru a trickle". The Telegraph 29 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  4. ^ A.Z.Bukhari. "Encyclopedia of nature of geography". p. 110. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Waterfall Around Ranchi". exoticindia. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  6. ^ "Johna Falls". Ranchi district administration. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  7. ^ Sir John Houlton, Bihar, the Heart of India, p. 144, Orient Longmans, 1949