Jonima family

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Jonima family
Ethnicity Albanian
Members
Connected families Zaharia family and the Dushmani family
Estate A territory between Mat and Lezhë, including Šufadaj

The Jonima family (Albanian: Gjonima) was an Albanian noble family that held a territory around Lezhë (northern Albania), as a vassal of Arbër, Serbia and Ottoman Empire, active in the 13th- to the 15th centuries.

Name[edit]

In some sources members of this family are referred to as Gonoma, Guonimi, Gjonëmi or Ghionoma.

History[edit]

The first member of the family was mentioned in sources dating to the early 13th century as a vassal of Dhimitër Progoni in the Principality of Arbër.[2]

Another member of the family, Vladislav Jonima, is mentioned in sources in 1306, with the title of župan, while in service of Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia.[3] A catholic, he was acknowledged by the Pope as a ruler of a territory around Lezhë in 1319. Vladislav Jonima had the title of Count of Dioclea and of the seaside Albania.[4]

After Ottoman victory in the Battle of Savra in 1385, the territory of Albania went out of the control of Balšić family. At the end of 14th century Jonima family reappears in sources when Dhimitër Jonima was lord of a territory between Mat and Lezhë.[5] Dukagjini family and Jonima family struggled against each other for the territory on the both sides of river Drin while Kastrioti family soon challenged the rule of Dukagjini family over the territory between Mati and Drin.[6] In 1402, as one of the Albanian nobility that served as an Ottoman vassal, Dhimitër Jonima fought alongside Bayezid I forces at the Battle of Ankara.[7]

The Jonima family was linked to the Zaharia family and the Dushmani family.[8][how?] At the beginning of the 15th century Šufadaj (an important former marketplace on the Adriatic sea, near Lezhë) was a possession of the Jonima family before in 1428 it came under the control of Gjon Kastrioti.[9]

After Stefan Jonima, a former outlaw, asked the Venetian Senate to grant him his former possessions, he was awarded with control of the Kurtes village in 1445.[10]

Names of other notable members of this family include: Vito, Vikt, John, Bitri, Marin, Florio, Fior and Guido.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heraldika Shqiptare, Gjin Varfi, 2000, ISBN 978-9992731857 http://www.abebooks.com/9789992731857/Heraldika-Shqiptare-Varfi-Gjin-9992731850/plp
  2. ^ Anamali, Skënder; Prifti (2002) (in Albanian). Historia e popullit shqiptar në katër vëllime. Botimet Toena. ISBN 99927-1-622-3 p. 267
  3. ^ Blagojević, Miloš (2001). Državna uprava u srpskim srednjovekovnim zemljama (in Serbian). Belgrade: Službeni list SRJ. p. 210. Retrieved 8 July 2012. Када је краљ Милутин издао повељу манастиру Богородице Ратачке, међу присутнима је било и црквених и световних достојанственика. Од световних лица помињу се: казнац Мирослав, челник Бранко и жупан Владислав (Јонима) 
  4. ^ Schmitt, Oliver Jens (2001), Das venezianische Albanien (1392-1479), München: R. Oldenbourg Verlag GmbH München, p. 87, ISBN 3-486-56569--9, Vladislav Jonima, als Zupan, später als „Graf von Dioclea und Küstenalbanien" 
  5. ^ Anamali, Skënder; Prifti (2002) (in Albanian). Historia e popullit shqiptar në katër vëllime. Botimet Toena. ISBN 99927-1-622-3 p. 267
  6. ^ The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest Author:John Van Antwerp Fine Edition reprint, illustrated Publisher University of Michigan Press, 1994 ISBN 0-472-08260-4, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5 p. 391
  7. ^ The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest Author John Van Antwerp Fine Edition reprint, illustrated Publisher University of Michigan Press, 1994 ISBN 0-472-08260-4, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5 p. 422
  8. ^ Serbët dhe Shqiptarët: historia e shqiptarëve të veriut. (Serbs and Albanians: history of North Albanians) Author Shuflaj, M. 2001 Tiranë Bargjini ISBN 978-99927-770-1-5
  9. ^ Detelić, Mirjana (2007), Dušan T. Bataković, ed., Epski gradovi, leksikon [Epic cities, a lexicon] (in Serbian), Belgrade: Balkanološki institut SANU, p. 253, ISBN 9788671790406, OCLC 298613010, U blizini Lješa postojalo je trgovište Šufadaj ili Sufade čiji položaj danas nije moguće tačno utvrditi. Taj strateški važan trg blizu mora (budući daje bio dostupan brodovima) Venecija nije kontrolisala, iako je držala zemljišni pojas od Skadra do Lješa, uz Dračsa okolinom. Šufadaj je početkom XV v. bio u vlasti porodice Jonima, a 1428. u vlasti Jovana Kastriota 
  10. ^ Božić, Ivan (1979), Nemirno pomorje XV veka (in Serbian), Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga, p. 291, OCLC 5845972, Тада је Стефан Јонима, некадашњи одметник, тражио од Сената стара права и успео да добије 1445. једино село које је остало слободно — Куртес. 

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