|Elevation||15 ft (5 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||410 & 443|
Joppa is a former town and current planning region of Harford County, Maryland. Joppa was founded as a British colonial settlement in the early 18th century and early county seat and courthouse of old Baltimore County erected / laid out in 1659 (with far larger original boundaries) in northeast Maryland. It takes its name from the Biblical town of Joppa (Jaffa, Israel) in the ancient Holy Land (Israel).
The town of Joppa on the Gunpowder River just off the Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay was a designated "Port of Entry" by the colonial legislature, the General Assembly for the Province of Maryland and traded internationally in agricultural products, especially tobacco. At its peak, the port was home to about 50 homes, a church, prison, inns, shops, schools, armament factories, and warehouses. However, with the rise of the third Baltimore on the Basin of the Northwest Branch of the larger Patapsco River after 1729 and the provincial capital on the Severn River of Annapolis, Joppa declined as a port, and was slowly abandoned.
In 1768, the Maryland General Assembly passed an Act that moved the county seat of Baltimore County from Joppa to Baltimore. By 1815, all that remained were ruins, and the surviving Rumsey Mansion. Joppa is currently home to the main offices of Maryland Championship Wrestling.
In 1962, Joppatowne, one of the first of a new generation of planned unit developments ("PUD") or suburban towns/villages in the United States, was launched by the Panitz Company near the site of old Joppa. As of the 2010 census, Joppatowne, which surrounds and includes the old settlement of colonial Joppa, had a population of 12,616.
Joppa is now the location of the large film sound-stages used for interior scenes of the US television series House of Cards, with sets including the full-scale reconstruction of the West Wing of the White House and Congressional offices.
Harford County Public Schools operates public schools.
Trinity Lutheran Christian School, a PreK-8 Christian school, is in Joppa.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 171.
- "Baltimore Town Made the County Seat". Maryland State Archives (Archives of Maryland On-line). Maryland State Archives. 61: 86–87.
- Rob Howard: Rumsey Mansion, http://www.joppatown.com/-Rumsey-Mansion.html, accessed 27 Jul 2014.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Joppatowne CDP, Maryland". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- David Zurawik & Chris Kaltenbach (14 February 2014). "Find a little Hollywood in Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
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