|Jorge Arrate Mac Niven|
Jorge Arrate en 2009.
|Ministry of Mining|
June 17, 1972 – July 10, 1972
|Preceded by||Pedro Palacios Cameron|
|Succeeded by||Alfonso David Lebón|
|Ministry General Secretariat of Government|
August 1, 1998 – June 2, 1999
|President||Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle|
|Preceded by||José Joaquín Brunner Ried|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Mladinic Alonso|
|Ministry of Labor and Social Forecast|
March 11, 1994 – August 1, 1998
|President||Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle|
|Preceded by||René Cortázar Sanz|
|Succeeded by||Germán Molina Valdivieso|
|Ministry of Education of Chile|
Septiember 28, 1992 – March 11, 1994
|President||Patricio Aylwin Azócar|
|Preceded by||Ricardo Lagos Escobar|
|Succeeded by||Ernesto Schiefelbein Fuenzalida|
May 1, 1941 |
|Political party||Movimiento Amplio de Izquierda (2011)
Partido Comunista (2009-2010)
Partido Socialista (1963-2009)
Jorge Félix Arrate Mac Niven (Santiago, May 1, 1941) is a chilean layer, writer and politician . He was Ministry of State for the presidents Salvador Allende, Patricio Aylwin and Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle.
In 2009 he was appointed as candidate for president of Chile in representation of the political aliance Juntos Podemos Más and other leftist political movements, obtaining 6.21% of the total votes in the elections of that year.
The son of a former navy officer, and municipal employee Juan Gabriel Arrate Mac Niven Ducoing and Aileen Seymour, he spent his early years in the Santiago neighborhood of Plaza Brasil, in the house where their fathers lived for many years. Then he lived in Viña del Mar (1945-1953) and later in Puente Alto (until 1965).
He entered law school at the University of Chile in 1958, graduating in 1964. The following year he began postgraduate studies in Economic Development at the School of Latin American Economic Studies of the University of Chile. Between 1967 and 1969, he received a scholarship in the United States to pursue a PhD in economics at Harvard. He obtained the degree of Master of Arts in Economics. He returned home to the Institute of Economics of the University of Chile to write his doctoral thesis, which never ended.
Between 1973 and 1987 he was exiled in Rome, Rotterdam and East Berlin. During the first two years of his exile he was executive secretary of Chile Democratico, coordinator of anti-dictatorship activities in the country. During his exile he was secretary of the Committee of Chileans Abroad.
Marriage and children
At the end of 1970 president Salvador Allende commissioned him the purchase of the Zig-Zag Editorial Group and the management of the firm that replaced it, Quimantú Editors. On 1971 was designed by Salvador Allende as an economic advisor, and subsequently as chief executive officer of the Cuper Corporation (Codelco), where he was responsible for the nationalization of mineral deposits. In June and July 1972 he served at the same time, on an interim basis, as Minister of Mining.
After the restoration of democracy in Chile, he served as Minister of Education (1992-1994) in the government of Patricio Aylwin. Later served as Minister of Labor and Social Forecast (1994-1998) and Minister Secretariat of Government (1998-1999) during the admnistración of Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle.
Since 1966 he has held teaching university functions. First at the Faculty of Law of the University of Chile, then at the School of Sociology of the Catholic University and the Faculty of Economics of the University of Chile. In 1970 he served as director of the Institute of Economy and Planning of this university.
In 1977, with the former minister of Allende, Orlando Letelier, he founded the Institute for the New Chile, based on Rotterdam. He directed the center, continuously subsidized by the Dutch government of different political orientation from its founding until 1991. He also led the eight International Summer School in Rotterdam, Mendoza, Argentina and Santiago, organized by the Institute.
In 1992 he was the first director of the School of Public Administration at the University of Santiago. In 2003-2006 he chaired the ARCIS University Corporation (Chile). In 2008 he was professor at the University of Talca.
In 1957 he was secretary general of the Federation of Secondary Students of Santiago. In 1961 he was president of the Center of Students of the School of Law of the University of Chile and in 1963 he ran for president of the Student Federation of Chile, with the support of the Communist and Socialist parties. In 1963 he joined the Socialist Party of Chile. In early 1971 he was appointed by the Central Committee of the Socialist Party and leader of the Socialist Professionals and Technicians.
During its first two years of exile was executive secretary of the group "Chilean Left Abroad" and "Chile Democratic" international office coordinator of solidarity with the Chilean democracy, based in Rome. Between 1975 and 1977 he was secretary of International Relations of the Socialist Party of Chile, whose headquarters was in East Berlin. He was member of the Central Committee for the first time in 1978 and continued as a member of that body for twenty years.
In 1984 he tried three times to enter Chile against the will of the military regime and was rejected at the airport of Santiago, bound to Buenos Aires and Bogota. In 1987 he managed to legally enter the [country and join local political work. On his return he assumed the task entrusted by the Socialist leadership headed by Ricardo Nunez, of promoting socialist reunification with the sector led by Clodomiro Almeyda. In 1989 he was elected in the first election by universal suffrage by a political party in Chile, as general secretary (at that time head of the organization) of the Socialist Party of Chile.
As head of his party, he ended its mission in the act of unification held on [29 December 1989. Subsequently, the "Congress of Unity Salvador Allende" held later that year in Valparaiso was designated President Socialist Party of Chile. When the party still exercised presidency Arrate was proclaimed by the Socialist Party for mayor of Santiago in the first democratic municipal elections after the military dictatorship, in which was elect Jaime Ravinet, his partner in the list by the Christian Democratic Party of Chile. In 2005, he accepted the nomination to be a candidate for senator from the Coquimbo Region, in which the Socialist Party of Chile had not elect anyone to the Senate since 1973. Arrate lost that election, being chosen his running mate Jorge Pizarro and the conservative candidate, Evelyn Matthei.
In 2007 he proposed to end the cycle of the ruling Concertación, and face a new political cycle with a new coalition. In early 2008 several hundred members of his party asked him to declare his availability for a presidential candidacy with a new political coalition of the political left. Arrate accepted this challenge, focusing its efforts on the "reconstruction of a political project that proposes sweeping political and social changes in Chilean society", change the economic model and put an end to the "democracy exclusive that exists today".
In January 14 of 2009 presented his resignation to the Socialist Party of Chile, with a view to addressing the 2009 elections supported by socialist factions outside the coalition government. Éstas lo proclamaron oficialmente cuatro días después.
Its official proclamation as candidate of the covenant Juntos Podemos took place in a national assembly of the political left on April 25, a day in overtook the leader communist Guillermo Teillier, removed the evening of the election, and Tomás Hirsch Humanist Party candidate.
In July he lost the support of Humanist Party, who accused him of excessive approach to candidate Concertación, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle. The Humanist Party of Chile then went on to support the former socialist Marco Enríquez-Ominami.
In December 13 in first round Arrate got 6.21% of votes, surpassed by the 20.13% of Marco Enriquez-Ominami, the 29.60% of Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle and 44.05% of the conservative business magnate Sebastián Piñera.
He left the communist militancy in early 2010.
After the presidential election, he joined the board of the "Broad Movement of the Left", resigning in 2012 due to the approaches of the party leadership with the parties of the old coalition. Away from active politics for Chilean general election, 2013 decided not to support any candidate of extra-parliamentary left, but otherwise he was to the formation of the covenant New Majority, which replaced the former coalition government.
Arrate chaired the Inter-American Conference of Ministers of Culture (La Serena, 1993), the Andres Bello (based Bogota, Colombia, 1993-1994) and American Conference of Ministers of Education (Santiago, 1994).
In 1996 he was elected Chairman of the Board of Directors of the International Labour Organization (ILO), a post he held for one year.
In addition to his collection of articles, interviews and speeches, he has published essays and fiction. The most recent (2011) is the story collection "Unas Doradas". In 2010 he received the first prize in the genre "memory writes" delivered by a jury of the National Book Council by the text "Passenger in Transit," a true story of testimony and reports on their attempts to go back to Chile during the military dictatorship.
One of his most famous books is Memoria de la Izquierda Chilena (2003) co-authored with Eduardo Rojas. Also coauthored with Paulo Hidalgo Pasión y razón del socialismo (1989), on the history of socialism in Chile. La fuerza democrática de la idea socialista (1985), written in exile and published in several issues in his country, had wide influence on the political leanings of the final years of the military dictatorship and the beginning of the democratic transition.
Brief political texts, collected in three compilations, have appeared, among others, in newspapers and magazines as Arauco, Chile América, Plural, Pensamiento Socialista, Convergencia, La Época, La Tercera, El Mercurio, Ercilla, APSI, Análisis, El Mostrador, Rocinante, Asuntos Públicos, "Punto Final", La Nación (Buenos Aires), La Nación (Santiago), Le Monde Diplomatique, Encuentro XXI, Crítica Social, Letra Internacional among others.
- Elecciones.gov.cl Votación candidatos a nivel nacional, Presidente 2009
- La Tercera (Santiago), August 10 of 2003, Reportajes, p.18
- El Mercurio (Santiago), March 14 of 1999, p.D22
- Qué Pasa (Santiago), December 24 of 2005, p.14
- El Mercurio (Santiago), November 5 of 1995, p.D2
- El Mercurio (Santiago), January 25, 2009, p.D6.
- http://especiales.cooperativa.cl/temas/site/artic/20090923/pags/20090923160017.php Arrate en especiales de Cooperativa
- Cosas (Santiago), August 28 of 1998, p.20
- Asumió el cargo el October 20, 1971.
- Cosas (Santiago), May 20, 1999, p.38
- Estrategia (Santiago), June 12, 2000, p.34
- Qué Pasa (Santiago), May 16, 1998, p.28
- El Mercurio (Santiago), April 13, of 1994, p.C5
- APSI (Santiago), February 24, 1992, p.0-15
- El Mercurio (Santiago), September 27, 1992, p.C3
- La Nación (Santiago), July 13, 2008, p.49
- La Segunda (Santiago), October 24, 2007, p.15
- El Mercurio (Santiago), August 26, 2007, p.D15
- emol, January 14, 2009
- La Nación (Santiago),January 15, 2009
- La Nación (Santiago), January 19, 2009
- La Tercera on line, April 26, 2009
- emol, April 26, 2009
- Radio Universidad de Chile, July 11, 2009
- Radio Cooperativa, July 12, 2009
- Radio Cooperativa, July 13, 2009
- PC Chile, July 13, 2009
- emol, June 18, 2009
- El Mercurio (Santiago), June 20, 2009, p.C13
- La Nación (Santiago), December 23, 2009, p.5
- Las Últimas Noticias (Santiago), February 2, 2010, p.11
- "Jorge Arrate renuncia a cargos directivos en el MAIZ en repudio a pactos con la Concertación". Radio U. de Chile. April 19, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Jorge Arrate y apoyo del PC a Bachelet: "Creo que esta vez se equivocaron"". El Dínamo. June 10, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Nos están metiendo el dedo en la boca con la nueva mayoría". Revista Qué Pasa. May 9, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- Bando n° 10 de la Junta de Gobierno, "Orden a Lista de dirigentes políticos a presentarse ante las autoridades militares para ser detenidos", 11 de septiembre de 1973, Archivo Chile.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jorge Arrate.|
- Personal Page for the 2009 elections.
- Interview in El Mercurio of October 26, 200.
- Interview in the magazine "Punto Final" (August 24, 2007).
- Column on the website "El Clarín de Chile" (September 14, 2008).
- Interview on the website "Massive Magazine".
- Interview on the website Terra of January 6, 2009.
- Interview with El Mercurio, April 25, 2009.
- Interview with El Mercurio of October 3, 2009.