Jorge Carlos Fonseca
|4th President of Cape Verde|
9 September 2011 – 9 November 2021
|Prime Minister||José Maria Neves|
Ulisses Correia e Silva
|Preceded by||Pedro Pires|
|Succeeded by||José Maria Neves|
Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca
20 October 1950
Mindelo, Portuguese Cape Verde (now Cape Verde)
|Political party||Movement for Democracy|
|Democratic Convergence Party|
|Alma mater||University of Lisbon (LLB, MLS)|
Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒɔɾʒɨ ˈkaɾluʒ ðɨ alˈmɐjðɐ fõˈsekɐ]; born 20 October 1950) is a Cape Verdean politician, lawyer and university professor who served as the President of Cape Verde from 2011 to 2021. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1993. Supported by the Movement for Democracy (MpD), he won the 2011 presidential election in a second round of voting. Presidential elections were held in Cape Verde on 2 October 2016, where he was re-elected with 74.08% of the vote.(
Education and personal life
Jorge Fonseca was born in Mindelo, Cape Verde to Portuguese African parents. Jorge Fonseca completed primary and secondary education between Praia and Mindelo, and later, his higher education in Lisbon, Portugal. He graduated in Law and a Master in Legal Sciences Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon. He married Lígia Arcângela Lubrino Dias Fonseca, the First Lady of Cape Verde, on 26 March 1989.
Political and academic career
He was a graduate teaching assistant at the Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon between 1982 and 1990, invited Professor of Criminal Law at the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Lisbon in 1987 and a resident director and invited associate professor at the Law Course and Public Administration at the University of Asia Oriental, Macau in 1989 and 1990. In 1991 and 1993, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the first government of the Second Republic; subsequently he stood unsuccessfully as a presidential candidate in the 2001 election. In August 2011, he again sought the presidency, this time backed by the MpD. He placed first in the first round, receiving 38% of the votes; in the second round, he faced the candidate backed by the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV), Manuel Inocêncio Sousa, and prevailed. He took office as President on 9 September 2011, becoming Cape Verde's fourth president since independence in 1975.
Fonseca was assistant professor and chairman of the board of the Institute for Law and Social Sciences in Cape Verde. He is also founder and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the “Direito e Justiça” Foundation, founder and director of the magazine “Direito e Cidadania”, collaborator to the magazine “Revista Portuguesa de Ciência Criminal”, and a member of the editorial board of “Revista de Economia e Direito” of the Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa. Fonseca has written several books and published over fifty scientific and technical works on law, and also two books of poetry. He has been awarded several times by the State of Cape Verde, is also holder of the status of Freedom Fighters of the Country.
- Luxembourg: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau (12 March 2015)
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (10 December 2018)
- Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Liberty (10 April 2017)
- Biografia de Jorge Carlos Fonseca Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Nota biográfica
- "Lígia Dias Fonseca — Dedicação e trabalho em prol do bem-estar social". Nós Genti. 28 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Resultados — Eleições presidenciais de Cabo Verde, 2011 Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine
- "ENTIDADES ESTRANGEIRAS AGRACIADAS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas".