Jorge Chávez International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jorge Chávez International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez
Airport lima peru.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic international
OperatorLima Airport Partners
ServesLima, Peru
LocationCallao, Peru
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL34 m / 113 ft
Coordinates12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444Coordinates: 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444
Websitewww.lima-airport.com
Map
LIM is located in Lima
LIM
LIM
Location of airport in Lima
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,507 11,506 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers7,841,944
Freight (tonnes)197,331
Aircraft movements178,578
Source: corpac s.a. statistics[1]
Check-in area at Jorge Chavez International Airport

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIM, ICAO: SPJC, formerly SPIM) (Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez) is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) northwest from Lima Center, the nation's capital city and 17 km from the district of Miraflores. During 2017, the airport served 22,025,704 passengers. Historically, the airport was the hub for Compañía de Aviación Faucett and Aeroperú. Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies. The airport was named after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez (1887–1910).

History[edit]

Lima Airport in 1972 with a SATCO Douglas DC-4 operating an internal flight

Lima's first airport was the Limatambo Airport in San Isidro. It ceased operations in 1960 due to a lack of space and capacity, and was replaced by the Lima-Callao International Airport. In June 1965, the Lima-Callao airport was renamed the "Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez" after the famous Peruvian aviator, Jorge Chávez Dartnell. In December 1965, the terminal building was officially opened.

When it was in operation, Compañía de Aviación Faucett had its corporate headquarters on the airport grounds.[2]

In 2001, in order to improve and expand its infrastructure, the government of Peru placed the airport under the management of Lima Airport Partners (LAP). LAP is now composed of Fraport and International Finance Corporation. The air traffic control is managed by the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC). The Peruvian government engaged Jaime Malagón, Jerome Jakubik, Paul Slocomb, and Víctor M. Marroquín of Baker and McKenzie international law firm, to oversee the changes.

Expansion[edit]

Main terminal

In February 2005, the first phase of a new renovation and expansion project was completed. This included the Peru Plaza Shopping Center and a new concourse. In June 2007, a four-star hotel, Ramada Costa del Sol, opened at the airport.

In January 2009, the second phase of the terminal expansion was commenced. The terminal has 28 gates, 19 with boarding bridges. In August 2009, the LAP announced that in 2010, the airport would have a new Instrument Landing System (ILS CAT III) to help with fog landings.[3] Arquitectonica, a Miami-based architectural office, and Lima Airport Partners planned a second terminal and expansion of the main terminal.

On October 24, 2018, the Peruvian state delivered all the land for the expansion and modernization of the Jorge Chavez airport to the airport operator "Lima Airport Partners". The estimated investment of US$1,200 million includes the construction of a new runway, a control tower and a passenger terminal in addition to the existing one. On the other hand, the state will build a new bridge and highway on the current Santa Rosa Avenue that will connect directly with the "Costa Verde" highway, benefiting a lot of tourists and entrepreneurs who are only going to visit Miraflores[4] and the south.[5] Works will be completed in 4 years, by the beginning of the year 2023, and will allow the transit of 40 million passengers per year by 2030.[6][7][8]

Accolades[edit]

From 2010 to 2012, the LAP received the annual Best Airport in South America 2010 award from Skytrax.[9][10][11][12] [13]

In March 2010, the Sumaq VIP lounge at the airport received its second annual Priority Pass "Lounge of the Year 2010".[14][15][16][17][18]

Transport[edit]

Transportation between the airport and the city is provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. Airport Express Lima is the official bus of Jorge Chávez Airport. Line 2 and Line 4 of the Lima Metro are currently under construction. Some companies of taxis and buses offer services to visit the city, some of them transit through the avenues: Faucett, Linea Amarilla, Tomás Valle, De La Marina, Colonial and Costa Verde.[19] Some go north, east, to the historic center and the Financial Center; and others towards Miraflores and the south area like Pachacamac and Surco.

Facilities[edit]

The airport hosts the Wyndham Costa del Sol hotel which is located adjacent to the control tower and the arrivals exit. The hotel is built with noise canceling panels. The Peru Plaza Shopping Center is located near the passenger terminal in the Grand Concourse area. The food court is located near the entrance of the passenger terminal on the second floor and is always open. There is an ice cream vendor selling some special Peruvian flavours such as Chirimoya and Lucuma.

The airport has numerous premium lounges in the departures terminal, such as VIP Peru. For passengers in first class, there is an exclusive salon near the gates, the VIP Club.

On 12 May 2009, the airport opened Lima Cargo City, a hub for cargo airlines.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Aeroparque
Aerolineas Estelar Caracas
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ATSA Airlines[20] Atalaya, Chachapoyas, Huánuco, Jauja, Punta Sal, Tingo María
Avianca Bogotá, San Salvador
Avianca Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile
Avior Airlines Caracas
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Gol Transportes Aéreos São Paulo–Guarulhos (resumes 1 October 2021)[21]
Iberia Madrid
JetBlue Fort Lauderdale
JetSmart Antofagasta, Concepción, Santiago de Chile
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Paraguay Asunción
LATAM Perú Antofagasta, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cajamarca, Calama, Cali, Cancún, Cartagena, Chiclayo, Concepcion, Cordoba, Cuzco, Guayaquil, Havana, Ilo, Iquitos, Jaén, Jauja, Juliaca, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC, Mendoza, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Montevideo, New York–JFK, Orlando, Piura, Porto Alegre, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rosario, Salta, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tacna, Talara, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Madrid
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile
Sky Airline Peru Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cancún, Cuzco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale
Star Perú Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Tarapoto
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark
Viva Air Colombia Bogotá
Viva Air Perú Arequipa, Bogotá, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Jaén, Juliaca, Medellín–JMC, Piura, Tacna, Talara, Tarapoto
Wingo Bogotá,[22] Panama City–Balboa
Use of biometric doors at Jorge Chavez International Airport

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerosucre Bogotá
Air Canada Cargo Toronto-Pearson (begins October 2021),[23]
Atlas Air Miami
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Medellin–Córdova, Miami
KF Cargo Miami
Korean Air Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Los Angeles, Miami, Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Cargo Brasil Campinas Viracopos, Miami
LATAM Cargo Chile Miami
LATAM Cargo Colombia Rio de Janeiro–Galeão
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Quito
Mas Air Campinas Viracopos, Mexico City
Northern Air Cargo Miami
Qatar Airways Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Doha
Sky Lease Cargo Amsterdam, Campinas Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Caracas, Manaus, Medellin, Montevideo, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santiago de Chile
UPS Airlines Miami

Statistics[edit]

Figures[edit]

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Annual statistics
Year 2019 (Jan.-Sept.) 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Passenger traffic 19'009,897 23'659,196 22'046,042 19'286,158 17'575,919 16'170,035 14'908,772 13'330,290 11'904,553 10'278,493 8'786,973 8,285,688
YoY growth% Increase TBD% Increase 7.61% Increase 14.07% Increase 9.73% Increase 8.69% Increase 8.45% Increase 11.84% Increase 11.70% Increase 15.82% Increase 17.00% Increase 6.0% Increase 10.4%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from/to Lima (LIM) in January–December 2018[24]
Rank Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Chile Santiago de Chile, Chile Increase 1,654,378 Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca Perú, JetSmart, LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú, Sky Airline
2 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia Increase 839,947 Avianca, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú, Viva Air Colombia
3 Argentina Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina Decrease 883,845 Avianca Perú, Aerolíneas Argentinas, LATAM Argentina, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
4 United States Miami, United States Decrease 881,406 American Airlines, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
5 Spain Madrid, Spain Increase 663,714 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM Perú, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico Increase 630,495 Aeroméxico, Avianca Perú, Interjet, LATAM Perú
7 Panama Panama City-Tocumen, Panama Increase 511,965 Copa Airlines
8 Brazil Sao Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil Increase 506,918 Avianca Perú, LATAM Brasil, LATAM Perú
9 Mexico Cancún, Mexico Increase 421,325 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
10 Ecuador Quito, Ecuador Increase 399,307 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú, TAME
11 Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic Increase 285,775 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
12 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands Increase 283,094 KLM
13 United States Los Angeles, United States Decrease 282,022 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
14 El Salvador San Salvador, El Salvador Decrease 215,839 Avianca El Salvador, Avianca Perú
15 Uruguay Montevideo, Uruguay Increase 213,186 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
16 Bolivia La Paz, Bolivia Decrease 200,961 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú, Peruvian Airlines
17 Cuba Havana, Cuba Increase 186,326 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
18 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador Decrease 174,820 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
19 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France Decrease 172,383 Air France
20 United States New York-JFK, United States Increase 172,866 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
21 United States Atlanta, United States Decrease 148,713 Delta Airlines
22 United States Fort Lauderdale, United States Decrease 145,545 JetBlue Airways, Spirit Airlines
23 Bolivia Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru, Bolivia Increase 144,765 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú
24 United States Houston-Intercontinental, United States Decrease 143,766 United Airlines
25 Brazil Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Brazil Increase 143,700 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
26 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica Increase 126,431 Avianca Costa Rica, LATAM Perú
27 Paraguay Asunción, Paraguay Decrease 121,882 Avianca Perú, LATAM Paraguay
28 Argentina Córdoba, Argentina Decrease 121,832 LATAM Perú
29 United States Dallas-Fort Worth, United States Increase 120,643 American Airlines
30 Canada Toronto-Pearson, Canada Increase 120,610 Air Canada Rouge
31 Argentina Mendoza, Argentina Decrease 109,484 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
32 Argentina Rosario, Argentina Decrease 101,990 LATAM Perú
33 United States Orlando, United States Increase 100,983 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
34 Colombia Cartagena, Colombia Decrease 92,525 LATAM Perú
35 United States Newark, United States Decrease 85,269 United Airlines
36 Colombia Medellín-JMC, Colombia Decrease 84,356 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
37 Brazil Porto Alegre, Brazil Increase 83,946 Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca Perú
38 Spain Barcelona, Spain Increase 80,730 LATAM Perú
39 Brazil Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil Increase 79,989 LATAM Perú
40 United Kingdom London-Gatwick, United Kingdom Decrease 50,701 British Airways
41 Argentina Tucumán, Argentina Decrease 49,367 LATAM Perú
42 Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Canada Decrease 44,412 Air Canada Rouge
43 Argentina Salta, Argentina Decrease 40,552 LATAM Perú
44 Chile Antofagasta, Chile Decrease 36,872 LATAM Perú
45 Colombia Cali, Colombia Decrease 35,927 Avianca Perú
47 Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela Decrease 30,997 Avior Airlines, Estelar Latinoamerica
46 Venezuela Barcelona, Venezuela Decrease 29,453 Avior Airlines
48 United States Washington-Dulles, United States Decrease 26,675 LATAM Perú

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • November 27, 1962: Varig Flight 810, a Boeing 707-441 registration PP-VJB flying from Rio de Janeiro to Jorge Chávez International Airport, after initiating an overshoot procedure at the suggestion of the control tower because it was too high, proceeded to start another approach when it crashed into La Cruz peak, 8 miles from the airport. Possibly there was a misinterpretation of navigation instruments. All 97 passengers and crew aboard died.[25][26]
  • May 8, 1964: an Argentine Air Force Douglas C-54 registration T-47 flying from Buenos Aires to Jorge Chávez International Airport crashed into a sand dune during approach in poor visibility conditions, killing 46 of 49 people on board.[27]
  • December 24, 1971: LANSA Flight 508, A Lockheed L-188A Electra turboprop that crashed in a thunderstorm en route from Lima to Pucallpa killing 91 people–all six of its crew and 85 of its 86 passengers. It is the deadliest lightning strike disaster in history. The sole survivor was 17-year-old Juliane Koepcke, who while strapped to her seat fell 2,800 m (9,200 ft) into the Amazon rainforest.[28][29][30]
  • December 1985: a bomb planted by the Maoist Shining Path terrorist movement exploded in the parking lot and killed five people, including a child.[31]
  • August 6, 1986: an explosion of unknown origin occurred at a restroom in the domestic terminal.[32]
  • December 8, 1987: a Peruvian Navy Fokker 27-400M registration AE-560 flying from Pucallpa to Jorge Chávez International Airport chartered by the Alianza Lima football team crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly before landing. A malfunctioning cockpit indicator made the crew believe that the landing gear was not properly deployed and locked, so they requested the control tower allow the plane to make a low pass for a visual check by ground personnel. After receiving the confirmation that the landing gear was down, the aircraft circled the airport for another attempt to land, but plunged into the ocean instead, killing all on board except the pilot.[33]
  • March 10, 1989: an Aero Condor Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander registration OB-1271 flying from Nazca to Jorge Chavez International Airport crashed into a building during approach killing all on board, apparently due to fuel exhaustion.[34]
  • January 25, 1991: a car bomb placed by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) killed two Peruvians and wounded ten people. The attack occurred in a context of condemnation, by left-wing armed groups and political movements, of Operation Desert Storm; minutes after the attack, the US Embassy in Lima was attacked with an RPG and small arms fire by the MRTA.[35][36]
  • July 24, 1992: five American Airlines employees, charged with cleaning and baggage loading duties, were wounded by a bomb. This happened during the weekend in which Shining Path enforced a 48-hour nationwide "armed strike" that aimed at paralyzing, among other services, public transportation.[37][38]
  • January 22, 1993: three bullets hit the right side of the fuselage of American Airlines Flight 917 (inbound from Miami) while either landing or taxiing on the runway after landing. There were no casualties and damage to the plane was minimal. Despite Shining Path (SP) claiming responsibility for the attack, a subsequent investigation failed to identify the actual assailants. Airport authorities reportedly stated that the source of the shots was accidental, originating in a security guard working in the perimeter.[39] The incident, occurring in the context of a decade-long leftist insurgency against the Peruvian state, happened in the midst of a surge of terrorist attacks and assassinations during that month which also targeted US interests and businesses.[40]
  • October 25, 1993: Months after the shooting of Flight 917, the cargo office of American Airlines suffered moderate property damage after the explosion of a bomb, placed under a minibus parked near the departure terminal. Shining Path involvement was suspected.[40]
  • April 15, 1995: an Imperial Air Tupolev Tu-134A-3 registration OB-1553 flying from Cusco to Jorge Chavez International Airport suffered a tire failure after departure. The crew decided to continue the flight to Lima, but the left main landing gear did not extend during landing. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[41]
  • October 2, 1996: Flight 603, an AeroPerú Boeing 757-23A registration N52AW flying the Miami-Lima-Santiago, Chile route crashed into the Pacific Ocean some minutes after its takeoff from Jorge Chávez International Airport, killing all on board. The accident investigation found that masking tape was accidentally left over the static ports during maintenance, rendering the airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator unreliable.[42]
  • On October 11, 2013 an Airbus A320 (registration N492TA) from TACA Airlines, made an emergency landing at 8:20 am Local Time. The pilot declared an emergency due to smoke in the cockpit. The aircraft was en route from Jorge Chávez International Airport to El Salvador International Airport, San Salvador, El Salvador. There were 31 passengers plus crew on board. The aircraft landed safely.[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics. "CORPAC S.A." www.corpac.gob.pe.
  2. ^ PDFarchive. "Flightglobal/view/1995/1995". www.flightglobal.com.
  3. ^ "Peru this Week". Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ "¿De turismo por Miraflores? Estos son los 5 lugares que debes conocer". Hotel Ferré (in Spanish). 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  5. ^ "Los barrios pobres de Lima, una atracción turística para extranjeros". www.efe.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  6. ^ "VIZCARRA HACE ENTREGA DE TERRENOS EN JORGE CHAVEZ y ASEGURA ANUNCIADAS INVERSIONES | T News".
  7. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez | ¿Cuándo podrás disfrutar de la ampliación del Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez?".
  8. ^ "Ampliación del Jorge Chávez permitirá tránsito de 40 millones de pasajeros en 2030". 2018-10-24.
  9. ^ "Lima Airport: Best Airport in South America 2010". Archived from the original on December 22, 2010.
  10. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Jorge Chávez es el Aeropuerto Líder en Sudamérica 2010, según "The Wall Street Journal"". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Airline Rating and Reviews – Airport Rating and Reviews – Seat Reviews". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  12. ^ "World Travel Awards 2012". Archived from the original on April 22, 2012.
  13. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegido el mejor de Sudamérica por cuarta vez". Perú.com. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Airport Lounge Access Worldwide – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  15. ^ "VIP Club". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Priority Pass Lounge of the Year 2010 – Recent News of Interest – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  17. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "La sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegida la mejor del mundo por viajeros". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  18. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Conozca la sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, la mejor del mundo". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  19. ^ "Licensed taxis". www.lima-airport.com. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  20. ^ Atsa Airlines. "Descubriendo juntos el Perú". www.atsaairlines.com.
  21. ^ "Para outubro: GOL adia novamente a retomada de seus voos internacionais". Aeroflap (in Portuguese). 21 April 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Wingo announces 4 new international routes". Aviaciononline.com (in Spanish). May 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  23. ^ https://www.ctvnews.ca/business/air-canada-announces-routes-for-expanded-cargo-capacity-1.5469858
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Ranter, Harro (27 November 1962). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-441 PP-VJB Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  26. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Back course". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 217–222. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
  27. ^ Ranter, Harro (8 May 1964). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54A-DO (DC-4) T-47 Lima International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  28. ^ "How a teenager fell 3km from a plane but survived". NewsComAu. 2018-11-13. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  29. ^ "Survivor still haunted by 1971 air crash - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  30. ^ ""Cuando caí del cielo", la historia de la superviviente del vuelo 508 de LANSA". Diario Vivo (in Spanish). 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  31. ^ America (1989). Terrorist Group Profiles. DIANE Publishing. ISBN 9781568068640.
  32. ^ Thomas, Andrew R. (2008). Aviation Security Management [3 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313346538.
  33. ^ Ranter, Harro (8 December 1987). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 400M AE-560 Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  34. ^ Ranter, Harro (10 March 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident IRMA/Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander OB-T-1271 Lima". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  35. ^ Organization/20308.pdf. "Documents" (PDF). www.state.gov.
  36. ^ "Tupac amaru Revolutionary Movement: Growing Threat to US interests in Peru" (PDF). CIA.gov. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  37. ^ Mickolus, Edward F.; Simmons, Susan L. (1997). Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated Bibliography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313304682.
  38. ^ Shining Path Rebels Flaunt. "Their Power With Strike In Peru". tribunedigital-sunsentinel.
  39. ^ Peruvian rebels bomb Coca-Cola plant. "Kill mayoral candidates; shots fired at American Airlines jet". UPI.
  40. ^ a b Organization/19813.pdf. "Documents" (PDF). www.state.gov.
  41. ^ Ranter, Harro (15 April 1995). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A-3 OB-1553 Lima-J Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  42. ^ Ranter, Harro (2 October 1996). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 757-23A N52AW Lima, Peru". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  43. ^ "INAC". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Jorge Chávez International Airport at Wikimedia Commons