Jorge Mautner

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Jorge Mautner
Jorge mautner expedicaosul.jpg
Mautner in 2013
Background information
Birth name Henrique George Mautner
Born (1941-01-17) January 17, 1941 (age 75)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Genres MPB
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, actor, poet, screenwriter, film director
Instruments Vocals, violin
Years active 1960s–present
Labels RCA Records, Phonogram Records, PolyGram, Philips Records, Rock Company Records, Primal Records, Universal Music Group, Dabliú Records, Warner Music Group
Associated acts
Website jorgemautner.com.br

Henrique George Mautner (born January 17, 1941), better known by his stage name Jorge Mautner, is a Brazilian singer-songwriter, violinist, actor, screenwriter, film director and poet, considered to be a pioneer of the MPB scene and of the Tropicalista movement.

Biography[edit]

Mautner was born in Rio de Janeiro on January 17, 1941, one month after his mother, Anna Illichi, a Catholic Yugoslav, and his father, Paul Mautner, an Austrian Jew, emigrated from Europe to Brazil to escape from the Holocaust. Despite being a sympathizer of Getúlio Vargas, Paul was a part of the Jewish resistance. Anna eventually suffered from a major paralysis due to a trauma caused by the fact that Jorge's sister, Susana, was not able to embark to Brazil with them, and so until he was 7 years old a nanny, Lúcia, took care of him; Lúcia was a mãe-de-santo, and introduced Jorge to Candomblé.

In 1948 Jorge's parents divorced, and Anna eventually remarried Henri Müller, a violinist who played for the São Paulo State Symphony, and who taught Jorge how to play the violin. His family later moved to São Paulo, where he studied at the prestigious Colégio Dante Alighieri; despite being an excellent student, he would, however, be expelled before he could graduate from high school because of a text he wrote, considered "indecent" by his teachers.

Mautner began to write his first book, Deus da Chuva e da Morte, when he was 15 years old; it was published in 1962, and in the following year it won the Prêmio Jabuti. Deus da Chuva e da Morte would be the first part of what is today known as his Mitologia do Kaos trilogy, which also comprises Kaos (1963) and Narciso em Tarde Cinza (1965).[1] In it, Mautner would define the main ideology of what he calls the "Kaos Movement".

In 1962 he joined the Communist Party of Brazil, after being invited by Mário Schenberg.

Mautner was arrested during the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, but was later released, under the conditions of "expressing himself more carefully". In 1966 he recorded his first musical release, the 7" single "Radioatividade", through RCA Records. Soon after he travelled to the United States, where he worked for the UNESCO and as a translator of Brazilian books. He later met poet Robert Lowell, serving as his secretary, as well as Paul Goodman, with whom he developed a strong friendship and suffered an everlasting influence from him.

In 1968 he briefly returned to Brazil, where he worked as a screenwriter on Neville d'Almeida's film Jardim de Guerra, that was only released two years later.

In 1970 he travelled to London, where he befriended Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso. He later returned to Brazil, settling in Rio de Janeiro once more, where he began to write for the humoristic newspaper O Pasquim. In the same year he directed the film O Demiurgo, which starred himself, Gil, Veloso, José Roberto Aguilar, Péricles Cavalcanti and Leilah Assunção. The film was censored though, and remains unreleased. Around the same time he met Nélson Jacobina, one of his most prolific songwriting partners, with whom he wrote, among many other songs, 1974's "Maracatu Atômico".

On December 10, 1973, at the peak of the Brazilian military government, Mautner took part in the Banquete dos Mendigos "show-manifesto", idealized and directed by Jards Macalé. The show, that happened at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro and was backed by the UN, celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and also counted with the presence of Chico Buarque, Dominguinhos, Edu Lobo, Gal Costa, Gonzaguinha, Johnny Alf, Luiz Melodia, Milton Nascimento, MPB4, Nélson Jacobina, Paulinho da Viola and Raul Seixas, among others. It spawned a double-disc live album, which due to censorship issues was only released in 1979.[2]

In 1987 he launches, alongside Gilberto Gil, the movement "Figa Brasil" at the O Poeta e o Esfomeado show; related to Mautner's Kaos Movement, it focused on the discussion of Brazilian culture.[3]

In 2002 Mautner served as a guest musician on synthpop band Metrô's third album, Déjà-Vu, providing violin and additional vocals for some tracks. In the same year he released a collaborative album with Caetano Veloso, Eu Não Peço Desculpa, which won the Latin Grammy Award in 2003.

A documentary about Mautner's life, directed by Pedro Bial and Heitor d'Alincourt, was released in 2012 to positive reception, entitled Jorge Mautner: O Filho do Holocausto. It was inspired by Mautner's autobiography of the same name, published in 2006.

In early January 2016, coinciding with his 75th birthday, Mautner published his eleventh book, Kaos Total.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Mautner is married to historian Ruth Mendes, with whom he has a daughter, Amora (born 1975).

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album
1972 Para Iluminar a Cidade
1974 Jorge Mautner
1976 Mil e Uma Noites de Bagdá
1981 Bomba de Estrelas
  • Label: WEA
  • Format: Vinyl
1985 Antimaldito
1988 Árvore da Vida
1992 Pedra Bruta
  • Label: Rock Company Records
  • Format: Vinyl
1997 Estilhaços de Paixão
  • Label: Primal Records
  • Format: CD
  • Collaborative album with Nélson Jacobina and Celso Sim
2002 Eu Não Peço Desculpa
2007 Revirão

Compilations[edit]

Year Album
1999 O Ser da Tempestade
  • Label: Dabliú Records
  • Format: CD

Live albums[edit]

Year Album
2014 Para Detonar a Cidade
  • Label: Discobertas
  • Format: CD
  • Originally recorded in 1972

Singles[edit]

Year Single Album
1966 "Radioatividade"
1974 "Maracatu Atômico" Jorge Mautner

As a session member[edit]

Metrô
  • 2002: Déjà-Vu (violin; additional vocals in "Leva Meu Samba")

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1962: Deus da Chuva e da Morte: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. I (Editora Martins; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1963: Kaos: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. II (Editora Martins; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1965: Narciso em Tarde Cinza: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. III (Editora Exposição do Livro; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1965: Vigarista Jorge (Von Schmidt Editora; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1973: Fragmentos de Sabonete (Editora Relume-Dumará; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1978: Panfletos da Nova Era (Editora Global; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1985: Fundamentos do Kaos (Ched Editorial; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 1993: Miséria Dourada (Editora Maltese; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
  • 2002: Floresta Verde-Esmeralda (Editora Azougue)
  • 2006: O Filho do Holocausto (Editora Agir)
  • 2016: Kaos Total (Companhia das Letras)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mautner, Jorge (2009), "Nossa amálgama", Figas (entrevista) (in Portuguese) (1) .
  2. ^ "Jards Macalé, O Banquete dos mendigos, 1974", 300 discos importantes da música brasileira, WordPress, August 30, 2009 .
  3. ^ Mautner, Jorge (March 13, 1987), "Um Caráter Para Macunaíma", Jornal da Tarde 
  4. ^ "Jorge Mautner faz 75 anos e lança novo livro com reunião de letras e poemas" (in Portuguese). Estadão. 2016-01-17. Retrieved 2016-05-22. 

External links[edit]