Mautner in 2013
|Birth name||Henrique George Mautner|
January 17, 1941 |
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Occupation(s)||Singer-songwriter, actor, poet, screenwriter, film director|
|Labels||RCA Records, Phonogram Records, PolyGram, Philips Records, Rock Company Records, Primal Records, Universal Music Group, Dabliú Records, Warner Music Group|
Henrique George Mautner (born January 17, 1941), better known by his stage name Jorge Mautner, is a Brazilian singer-songwriter, violinist, actor, screenwriter, film director and poet, considered to be a pioneer of the MPB scene and of the Tropicalista movement.
Mautner was born in Rio de Janeiro on January 17, 1941, one month after his mother, Anna Illichi, a Catholic Yugoslav, and his father, Paul Mautner, an Austrian Jew, emigrated from Europe to Brazil to escape from the Holocaust. Despite being a sympathizer of Getúlio Vargas, Paul was a part of the Jewish resistance. Anna eventually suffered from a major paralysis due to a trauma caused by the fact that Jorge's sister, Susana, was not able to embark to Brazil with them, and so until he was 7 years old a nanny, Lúcia, took care of him; Lúcia was a mãe-de-santo, and introduced Jorge to Candomblé.
In 1948 Jorge's parents divorced, and Anna eventually remarried Henri Müller, a violinist who played for the São Paulo State Symphony, and who taught Jorge how to play the violin. His family later moved to São Paulo, where he studied at the prestigious Colégio Dante Alighieri; despite being an excellent student, he would, however, be expelled before he could graduate from high school because of a text he wrote, considered "indecent" by his teachers.
Mautner began to write his first book, Deus da Chuva e da Morte, when he was 15 years old; it was published in 1962, and in the following year it won the Prêmio Jabuti. Deus da Chuva e da Morte would be the first part of what is today known as his Mitologia do Kaos trilogy, which also comprises Kaos (1963) and Narciso em Tarde Cinza (1965). In it, Mautner would define the main ideology of what he calls the "Kaos Movement".
Mautner was arrested during the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, but was later released, under the conditions of "expressing himself more carefully". In 1966 he recorded his first musical release, the 7" single "Radioatividade", through RCA Records. Soon after he travelled to the United States, where he worked for the UNESCO and as a translator of Brazilian books. He later met poet Robert Lowell, serving as his secretary, as well as Paul Goodman, with whom he developed a strong friendship and suffered an everlasting influence from him.
In 1968 he briefly returned to Brazil, where he worked as a screenwriter on Neville d'Almeida's film Jardim de Guerra, that was only released two years later.
In 1970 he travelled to London, where he befriended Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso. He later returned to Brazil, settling in Rio de Janeiro once more, where he began to write for the humoristic newspaper O Pasquim. In the same year he directed the film O Demiurgo, which starred himself, Gil, Veloso, José Roberto Aguilar, Péricles Cavalcanti and Leilah Assunção. The film was censored though, and remains unreleased. Around the same time he met Nélson Jacobina, one of his most prolific songwriting partners, with whom he wrote, among many other songs, 1974's "Maracatu Atômico".
On December 10, 1973, at the peak of the Brazilian military government, Mautner took part in the Banquete dos Mendigos "show-manifesto", idealized and directed by Jards Macalé. The show, that happened at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro and was backed by the UN, celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and also counted with the presence of Chico Buarque, Dominguinhos, Edu Lobo, Gal Costa, Gonzaguinha, Johnny Alf, Luiz Melodia, Milton Nascimento, MPB4, Nélson Jacobina, Paulinho da Viola and Raul Seixas, among others. It spawned a double-disc live album, which due to censorship issues was only released in 1979.
In 1987 he launches, alongside Gilberto Gil, the movement "Figa Brasil" at the O Poeta e o Esfomeado show; related to Mautner's Kaos Movement, it focused on the discussion of Brazilian culture.
In 2002 Mautner served as a guest musician on synthpop band Metrô's third album, Déjà-Vu, providing violin and additional vocals for some tracks. In the same year he released a collaborative album with Caetano Veloso, Eu Não Peço Desculpa, which won the Latin Grammy Award in 2003.
A documentary about Mautner's life, directed by Pedro Bial and Heitor d'Alincourt, was released in 2012 to positive reception, entitled Jorge Mautner: O Filho do Holocausto. It was inspired by Mautner's autobiography of the same name, published in 2006.
In early January 2016, coinciding with his 75th birthday, Mautner published his eleventh book, Kaos Total.
|1972||Para Iluminar a Cidade|
|1976||Mil e Uma Noites de Bagdá
|1981||Bomba de Estrelas
|1988||Árvore da Vida
|1997||Estilhaços de Paixão|
|2002||Eu Não Peço Desculpa|
|1999||O Ser da Tempestade
|2014||Para Detonar a Cidade
|1974||"Maracatu Atômico"||Jorge Mautner|
As a session member
- 2002: Déjà-Vu (violin; additional vocals in "Leva Meu Samba")
- 1962: Deus da Chuva e da Morte: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. I (Editora Martins; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1963: Kaos: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. II (Editora Martins; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1965: Narciso em Tarde Cinza: Mitologia do Kaos, Vol. III (Editora Exposição do Livro; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1965: Vigarista Jorge (Von Schmidt Editora; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1973: Fragmentos de Sabonete (Editora Relume-Dumará; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1978: Panfletos da Nova Era (Editora Global; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1985: Fundamentos do Kaos (Ched Editorial; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 1993: Miséria Dourada (Editora Maltese; re-issued in 2002 by Editora Azougue)
- 2002: Floresta Verde-Esmeralda (Editora Azougue)
- 2006: O Filho do Holocausto (Editora Agir)
- 2016: Kaos Total (Companhia das Letras)
- Mautner, Jorge (2009), "Nossa amálgama", Figas (entrevista) (in Portuguese) (1).
- "Jards Macalé, O Banquete dos mendigos, 1974", 300 discos importantes da música brasileira, WordPress, August 30, 2009.
- Mautner, Jorge (March 13, 1987), "Um Caráter Para Macunaíma", Jornal da Tarde
- "Jorge Mautner faz 75 anos e lança novo livro com reunião de letras e poemas" (in Portuguese). Estadão. 2016-01-17. Retrieved 2016-05-22.