Jorge Medina

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His Eminence
Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez
Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez.jpg
Predecessor Jean Jérôme Hamer
Other posts Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1998 - 2002)
Bishop of Valparaíso, Chile (1993 - 1996)
Bishop of Rancagua, Chile (1987 - 1993)
Titular Bishop of Thibilis (1984 - 1987)
Auxiliary Bishop of Rancagua, Chile (1984 - 1987)
Orders
Ordination 12 June 1954
by Pio Alberto Fariña Fariña
Consecration 6 January 1985
by Pope John Paul II
Created Cardinal 21 February 1998
Personal details
Birth name Jorge Arturo Augustin Medina Estévez
Born (1926-12-23) 23 December 1926 (age 91)
Santiago, Chile
Coat of arms Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez's coat of arms

Jorge Arturo Agustín Medina Estévez (born 23 December 1926) is a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Cardinal Protodeacon until 23 February 2007. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 1996 to 2002.

Early life and ordination[edit]

Medina was born in Santiago in 1926, and studied at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (where he received a baccalaureate in the arts and biology) and the Major Seminary of Santiago. He was ordained a priest on 12 June 1954, by Bishop Pio Fariña Fariña, the vicar general and an auxiliary bishop of Santiago.

Church scholar[edit]

Earning a doctorate in theology in 1955, Medina taught philosophy and theology at the Major Seminary of Santiago and of the Pontifical Catholic University, respectively. He also served as a dean of the university, and as a peritus at the Second Vatican Council; for the latter he later received an honoris causa doctorate from the University of Notre Dame in 1996.

Bishop[edit]

Pro-Grand Chancellor of the Catholic University from 1974 to 1985, he was named titular bishop of Thibilis and auxiliary bishop of Rancagua on 18 December 1984. Medina was consecrated to the episcopate on 6 January 1985, by Pope John Paul II himself, with Cardinals Eduardo Martínez Somalo and Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy acting as co-consecrators. He was made Bishop of Rancagua on 25 November 1987, and then Bishop of Valparaíso on 16 April 1993. He was appointed Pro-Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on 21 June 1996.

Cardinal[edit]

Medina was created a Cardinal-Deacon in the consistory of 21 February 1998, with the title of San Saba. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 23 February 1998, until his retirement on 1 October 2002.

Styles of
Jorge Medina
Coat of arms of Jorge Medina Estevez.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Valparaíso (emeritus)

Medina was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave. Following the conclusion of the conclave, as Cardinal Protodeacon (the senior-most cardinal deacon), he announced to the world the election of Pope Benedict XVI. He was the first non-Italian to do so. As protodeacon, Medina imposed the pallium on Pope Benedict XVI and was one of the three cardinals who made the public act of obedience to the new pope at the papal inauguration.[1][2]

In retirement he returned to Chile in order to work as a parish priest.[citation needed]

Views[edit]

In December 2008, at a Mass marking the second anniversary of the death of Augusto Pinochet, Medina condemned pop musician Madonna, who was appearing in Santiago. He said "The atmosphere in our city is pretty agitated because this woman is visiting and with incredibly shameful behavior provokes a wild and lustful enthusiasm."[3]

Sexual abuse of minors by priests[edit]

Regarding the prominent 80-year-old priest Fernando Karadima, whom in January 2011 the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, finding him guilty of having sexually abused minors, ordered to retire to a life of prayer and penitence and never to exercise the priesthood in public again,[4][5] and who was then accused under Chilean civil law of sexual abuse of minors,[6][7] Medina doubted that he would be sent to prison, since homosexual activity was not a crime in Chilean civil law and use of the term "sexual abuse" could be questioned: "With all due respect to the laws of my country, a child of 8 or 9 is very different from a 17-year-old ... A 17-year-old youngster knows what he is doing." He also remarked that priests are not immune from the devil's works: "Any informed Christian knows we are prone to weakness because of our human fragility. The devil gets in where he can. Priests are not immune from his snares." He defended the canonical sanctions imposed on Karadima as being the heaviest that could be imposed short of laicization, and as having taken into account Karadima's age and merits.[6][8][9][10]

One of Karadima's accusers called the cardinal's remark about 17-year-olds "an unwarranted attack".[11] Another added that it was an attack not only on those who had denounced Karadima, but on all who were honestly looking for truth and justice for their lives. He regarded Medina's statements as "extremely suspicious, as if he wanted to diminish the outline of these grave actions, reducing the issue to homosexuality in a very silly manner, as if, furthermore, homosexuality and abuse were synonymous". The statements, he said, "were an attempt to free from responsibility someone who took advantage of his position of power over more vulnerable persons".[12]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pope Benedict XVI Starts His Papacy. AmericanCatholic.org article on Pope Benedict XVI's inauguration. Retrieved 13 April 2013
  2. ^ Ceremony of Papal Inauguration of Pope Benedict XVI [24.04.2005] on YouTube Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  3. ^ "Lustful Madonna offends God, says clergyman". Reuters. 11 December 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  4. ^ New York Times
  5. ^ EWTN Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ a b Nación Archived 9 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Barrionuevo, Alexei (14 March 2011). "Chile: Priest Sex Abuse Case Re-Opened". New York Times. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  8. ^ El Mercurio (blog)
  9. ^ Standard Newswire
  10. ^ "Priests not immune from the devil, cardinal warns". Catholic News Agency. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  11. ^ Baeza Palavecino, Angélica. "Demandante de Karadima critica dichos de cardenal Medina: "Son una agresión sin fundamentos"". La Tercera (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Víctima de Karadima critica dichos de Cardenal Medina: "Constituyen una agresión"". La Segunda (in Spanish). 5 April 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Antonio María Javierre Ortas
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship
and the Discipline of the Sacraments

1998–2002
Succeeded by
Francis Arinze
Preceded by
Luigi Poggi
Cardinal Protodeacon
24 February 2005 – 23 February 2007
Succeeded by
Darío Castrillón Hoyos