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Clockwise from top: Sukapha Samannay Kshetra, night view of Gar-Ali, National Institute of Design, Millennium Park, Kaziranga university and Bhogdoi bridge
|Zone||3 (Central, East & West)|
|Jorhat Municipal Board||1909|
|• Body||Jorhat Municipal Board|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Roshni Aparanji Korati, IAS|
|• Total||72.8 km2 (28.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||116 m (381 ft)|
|• Density||3,048/km2 (7,890/sq mi)|
|• Official||Assamese, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jorhat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Jorhat|
|Planning agency||Jorhat Municipal Board|
Jorhat (// (listen)) is one of the major cities of Assam and a doorway to both Assam and Nagaland. It is the headquarter of Jorhat district, which was carved out of Sivasagar district in 1983. It is one of Assam's largest cities and derives its name from two haats or bazaars "Masorhaat and Sowkihaat" on the banks of River Bhugdoi, a tributary of the river Brahmaputra. The place has a history of the mighty Ahom Kingdom; one of the Ahom warriors liberated the city from the Mughal rulers for which he retains the respect of the people of Assam. The city is also home to the renowned historical monuments of Assamese culture. It has powerful water-bodies like the Brahmaputra River, which forms the largest riverine island in the world, Majuli, the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the times of the Ahom rulers. The cultural diversities which prevailed in Jorhat nearly a century ago has inspired the people to participate in cultural activities through the decades and as a result Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, musician, actors, historians and journalists, terming Jorhat "The Cultural Capital of Assam".
Tea plantations are the main agricultural areas around the city which also takes the shape of a tourist attraction given its simple natural charm. There are as many as 135 tea gardens in Jorhat. Apart from the tea plantations, Jorhat is home to other heritage sites and other natural reserves such as Thengal Manor, Raja Maidam (Burial tomb of the last Ahom king Purandar Singha), Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar, Sukapha Samannay Kshetra (Memorial built in the memory of Sukapha, the first Ahom king of Assam (Read more at: https://www.nativeplanet.com/jorhat/attractions/sukapha-samannay-kshetra/)) and Jorhat planetarium. The Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar is the oldest and one of the most famous places of worship in Assam, which attracts a lot of tourists every year. The internationally recognized river island of Majuli is just 20 km away from this city and can be accessed by ferries from Nimati Ghat. The island also encompasses the famous Molai forest built single handed by Jadav Payeng, which attracted global media coverage and on which many documentaries have been based on.
Jorhat today has grown into a city that boasts of a huge number of premier educational institutions, shopping malls, multiplexes, eateries, residential apartments, hotels and resorts. The west of the city accommodates both the Jorhat Airport as well as the ISBT while Jorhat Town railway station lies in central Jorhat.
Jorhat is located at  It has an average elevation of 116 metres (381 feet)..
The municipality covers an area of 9 square kilometres (3.5 sq mi), has 19 wards with a population of about 1.53 lakhs at present, with 72.8 square kilometres (28.1 sq mi) for master plan area. The district spreads over 2,851 square kilometres (1,101 sq mi) and had a population of 870,000 according to a 1991 census. Population density at that time was 306 persons per square kilometre (793/sq mi). The sex ratio is 913 (913 females per 1000 males).
In 2011, Jorhat District Urban population was 219,565 (includes population of Mariani, Titabor and Teok) of which males and females were 113,555 and 106,010 respectively, while the rural population was 871,730, male 444,389 and female 427,341. There was an increase of 9.21 percent in the population compared to the population of 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Jorhat recorded an increase of 14.69 percent to its population compared to 1991.
The average literacy rate of Jorhat in 2011 was 91.39%. Gender-wise, male and female literacy were 93.63% and 88.99% respectively, which is one of the highest in the state. The total literates in Jorhat were 182,600 of which male and female were 96,806 and 85,794 respectively.
Jorhat's sex ratio stood at 934 females per 1000 males, according to the Census 2011 Directorate.
Jorhat ("jor" means twin and "hat" means market) means two hats or mandis- "Masorhaat" and "Sowkihat" which existed on the opposite banks of the river Bhugdoi. During the 18th century, Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom, as a planned town under royal patronage. It is often spelt as "Jorehaut" during the British reign. In 1794, the Ahom King Gaurinath Singha shifted the capital from Sivasagar, erstwhile Rangpur to Jorhat. Many tanks were built around the capital city by the Ahom royalty such as Rajmao Pukhuri or Borpukhuri, Buragohain Pukhuri, Bolia Gohain Pukhuri, Kotoki Pukhuri and Mitha Pukhuri. This town was a flourishing and commercial metropolis but was destroyed by a series of Burmese invasions of Assam between 1817 and the arrival of the British force in 1824 under the stewardship of David Scott and Captain Richard.
From the very first decade of the British rule, revolutionaries like Gomdhar Konwar, Jeuram Medhi, and Piyali Phukan emerged. The British system of administration came into vogue in the year 1839 with an established Police Thana. During the great Sepoy Mutiny, Maniram Dewan and Piyali Barua were publicly hanged here in 1858.
In 1885, a narrow-gauge railway, Jorehaut Provincial Railway, became operational. In time, this contributed to the rapid growth of the tea industry.
Jorhat is vibrant and combines tradition and modernity. In 1896, Jorhat Theatre was established to perform cultural activities and dramas by some renowned people of the town. The Chandrakanta Handique Bhawan, the headquarters of Asam Sahitya Sabha was established in 1926. Jorhat has produced creative writers, historians and journalists. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, the first Assamese to win India's highest literature award, the Jnanpith Award, was from Jorhat.
The six daily newspapers published in Jorhat are - Dainik Janambhumi, Amar Asom, Dainik Agradoot and Asomiya Khobor in Assamese, the Purbanchal Prohori in Hindi and The Telegraph in English. The Eastern Clarion was the first English daily published in the city, but it went into administration. Apart from the dailies, weekly newspapers including Saptahik Janambhumi are also published in Jorhat. City Guide of Jorhat was the first yellow pages, published in July 1987. The first online yellow pages of Jorhatmycity  was initiated in January 2013.
Jorhat has a radio broadcast station of All India Radio (AIR) located in the outskirts of the city at Garmur.
The District & Sessions Judge Upper Assam District Jorhat was created on 15 November 1948 and has been made permanent w.e.f the 1 April 1953. The first roll of honor of District & Sessions Judge of Assam Valley, Upper Assam Districts, Jorhat District was Mr. S.K Das, MA, BL. Presently, the territorial jurisdiction of the District is extended over 2(two) sub-divisions namely Majuli Sub-Division and Titabar Sub-Division. Altogether, the District & Sessions Judge and the Chief Judicial Magistrate comprise 15 courts manned by Judicial Officers of various grades. The District & Sessions Judge together with the Chief Judicial Magistrate Court Complex, Jorhat is situated in the heart of the city. The Present District & Sessions Judge as the head of the establishment is Shri Robin Phukan. The present Chief Judicial Magistrate, Jorhat, the head of all the Criminal Courts is Smti. Farhana Sultana.
Jorhat Airport (JRH), commonly known as Rowriah Airport, is located at Rowriah, which is within the city itself, approximately seven kilometres (4.3 mi) from the city centre. The airport has daily flights to Kolkata, New Delhi and Guwahati by IndiGo Airlines and it is controlled by the Airports Authority of India.
The first rail connectivity in Jorhat began in the British era. In 1885, Jorehaut Provincial Railway, a narrow-gauge railway, became operational; it contributed to the growth of the tea industry of Assam.
Jorhat falls under the Tinsukia railway division of the Northeast Frontier Railway zone. The Jorhat Town railway station lies on the Furkating-Jorhat-Mariani branch line, has train services including Guwahati Jorhat Town Jan Shatabdi Express, Guwahati–Mariani Intercity Express (via Jorhat), Guwahati–Dibrugarh Intercity Express (via Jorhat), Dimapur - Mariani Passenger (via Jorhat) and Jorhat - Tinsukia Passenger. The Mariani Junction railway station, situated on the Lumding-Dibrugarh section, is the main railway station of Jorhat district and is about 18 km (11 mi) from Jorhat.
The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) of Jorhat is located at Tarajan, Kotokipukhuri, in the western part of the city, and provides connectivity to elsewhere in the state and the Northeast with regular buses from ASTC and private operators. Rickshaws and auto-rickshaws are the main mode of public transport within the city.
The daily ferry services connect the Nimati ghat with Kamalabari in Majuli. The Neamati multimodal waterways terminal on Brahmaputra National Waterway 2 in Jorhat district is part of the Bharatmala and Sagarmala projects. There are 19 National Waterways for the Northeast connectivity.
Education and research institutions
- Central Eri & Muga Research Training Institute, Ladoigarh, under Central Silk Board
- Indian Grain Storage Management and Research Institute, Jorhat
- Indian Institute of Plantation Management (IIPM), Jorhat Centre, under Min. of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India
- Institute of Biotechnology & Geotectonics Studies (INBIGS), ONGC Complex, Cinnamara, Jorhat - 785008
- North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat (N.E.I.S.T.) (formerly R.R.L., Jorhat) under CSIR, Dept. of Science & technology, Govt. of India
- Rain Forest Research Institute (R.F.R.I.), Jorhat under I.C.F.E., Min. of Environment & Forests, Govt.of India
- Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Tea Research Association (T.R.A.) Tocklai under Tea Research Association, Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India
- Assam Agricultural University (A.A.U.), under Government of Assam
- Assam Women's University, under Government of Assam
- Kaziranga University
- HRH The Prince of Wales Institute of Engineering and Technology
- Jorhat Engineering College, Directorate of Technical Education, Government of Assam
- Jorhat Institute of Advanced Training for Computing (J.I.A.T.C.)
- Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology, formerly Science College, Jorhat, Government of Assam
- Kaziranga University, Mohbondha, Jorhat
- North East Institute of Management Science, (opposite the N.E.I.S.T.), Jorhat
- Jorhat Medical College and Hospital under the State Government of Assam
- Medical Institute Jorhat, under the Government of Assam.
- Bahona College
- CKB Commerce College
- D.C.B. Girls College
- Eastern Theological College
- Jagannath Barooah College
- Jorhat College
- Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology (formerly Jorhat Science College).
- Jorhat Kendriya Mahavidyalaya
- Jorhat Law College, M.G. Road, Jorhat
- Kakojan College, Kakojan
Higher secondary schools
- Army Public School, Jorhat
- Balya Bhavan, Jorhat
- Carmel Convent School, Cinnamara
- Delhi Public School, Jorhat
- Dipankar Vidyapith
- Don Bosco High School, Lichubari
- Don Bosco High School, Baghchung
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Jorhat
- Jonaki Sangha Vidyalaya
- Merryland High School
- Sankardev Seminary High School
- Shemford Futuristic School, Choladhara
- Spring Dale High School
- St. Mary's High School, Jorhat, Rowriah
- Kendriya Vidyalaya (Indian Air Force Station), Jorhat-785005
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, NEIST(RRL), Jorhat-785006
- Kendriya Vidyalaya (ONGC)
Topon Kumar Gogoi of the Bharatiya Janata Party is the current Member of Parliament serving the 17th Lok Sabha from Jorhat, Assam. While Hitendra Nath Goswami of B.J.P. is the incumbent M.L.A. from Jorhat assembly constituency.
- Krishna Kanta Handique, Sanskrit scholar, Indologist and philanthropist
- Amulya Barua, Assamese poet
- Ananda Chandra Barua, Assamese poet, dramatist, former president of Asam Sahitya Sabha
- Ananda Chandra Dutta, botanist
- Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, the first Jnanpith Award-winning Assamese writer
- Ganesh Gogoi, Assamese poet
- Hiren Bhattacharyya, Assamese poet
- Hemendra Prasad Barooah, tea planter and industrialist
- Tarun Gogoi, Ex-Chief Minister of Assam.
- Jadav Payeng, The Forest Man of India
- Jitendra Nath Goswami, chief scientist of Chandrayaan -1
- Anuradha Sharma Pujari, Assamese journalist and author
- Zubeen Garg, Assamese and Bollywood singer
- Joi Barua, Assamese and Bollywood singer
- Barsha Phukan, Assamese fashion designer
- Jorhat Municipal Board
- Jorehaut Provincial Railway
- Jorhat Stadium
- Jorhat Gymkhana Club
- Timeline of Jorhat
- Jadav Payeng
- Ministry of Home Affairs Directorate of Census Operations, Assam (2011). "District Primary: District Primary Census Abstract 0117 Jorhat: Urban". 1813 Part B District Census Handbook (DCHB) Jorhat (PDF) (Report) (PART XII-B ed.). Assam: Census of India 2011. p. 24. 1813. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
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- "Jorhat Court Recruitment".
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- Bharatmala presentation
- "Central Muga Eri Research and Training Institute (C.M.E.R. & T.I.) Lahdoigarh, Jorhat Assam". cmerti.res.in.
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- "Tocklai". tocklai.net.
- "Kaziranga University : A 21st Century Career University with a focus on research in emerging areas of Science, Technology and Management". kazirangauniversity.in.
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- "Welcome to Bahona College". Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
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- "Welcome to J B College". Jagannath Barooah College. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- http://www.jorhatcollege.org.in Archived 9 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Jorhat Law College, Jorhat, Assam, India- BA LLB, LLB, LLM". jorhatlawcollege.org. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
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- "Welcome To CONCEPT Group Of Institutions & Publications". Concept Edu. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
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- "Kendriya Vidyalaya, AFS Jorhat". Kvafsjorhat.org. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
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- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
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