Jorightu Khan Yesüder

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Jorightu Khan
Khagan of the Mongols or Great Yuan
Emperor of the Northern Yuan Dynasty
Reign 1388–1392
Coronation 1388
Predecessor Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür
Successor Engke Khan
Born 1358
Died 1392
Issue Jorightu Khan (Зоригт Хаан)
House Borjigin
Dynasty Northern Yuan

Jorightu Khan (Yesüder?) (1358–1392) was a Mongol Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. There are questions about the identity of Jorightu: some scholars believe that Jorightu was Yesüder who was a descendant of Ariq Böke and that Engke Khan was Yesüder's son succeeding him, while other believe that the two were the same person with different titles. His title or name "Jorightu Khagan" means "Brave King" in the Mongolian language.

After the murder of Uskhal Khan by Yesüder, the Mongols quickly disintegrated. Gunashiri, a descendant of Chagatai Khan, founded his own small state Qara Del in Hami.[1] Uskhal Khan's former minister, Necelai, submitted to Ming China in 1389 and the Ming established a Mongol guard of Tyuanin (also known as Three Guards) under him in Daiying, modern Inner Mongolia. However, the late khan's chingsang, Shirmen, allied with Yesüder, killed Necelai.

The former prince of Liaodang and one of the leaders of the Three Guards, Ajashir, threw his allegiance to Yesüder some time after 1389. In 1392, the Ming army invaded Mongolia and captured a large number of cattle and men.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ed. Reuven Amitai-Preiss, Reuven Amitai, David Morgan The Mongol empire and its legacy, p.294
Jorightu Khan Yesüder
Died: 1392
Regnal titles
Preceded by
none, Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür as Emperor of the Northern Yuan
Khan of the Mongol
Succeeded by
Engke Khan