Jorim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jorim
Godeungeo-jorim.jpg
Godeungeo-jorim (simmered chub mackerel)
Place of origin Korea
Associated national cuisine Korean cuisine
Similar dishes Nimono
Cookbook: Jorim  Media: Jorim
Korean name
Hangul 조림
Hanja n/a
Revised Romanization jorim
McCune–Reischauer chorim
IPA [tɕo.ɾim]

Jorim (조림) is a simmered Korean dish, made by boiling vegetables, meat, fish, seafood, or tofu in seasoned broth until the liquid is absorbed into the ingredients and reduced down. Jorim dishes are usually soy sauce-based, but gochujang (chili paste) or gochutgaru (chili powder) can also be added, especially when fishier, red-fleshed fish such as mackerel, saury, or hairtail are used.[1] In Korean royal court cuisine, jorim is called jorini (조리니).[2]

Etymology[edit]

Jorim is a verbal noun derived from the Korean verb jorida (조리다; "to boil down").[3][4] Although it was a commonly used culinary technique, the term did not appear until the 18th century, due to the slow development of culinary terminology.[1] Instead, jorim dishes were classified as jochi, a category that encompasses jjim and jjigae as well as jorim.[2][5] The first mention of the verbal noun jorim as a food category appeared in Siuijeonseo, a 19th century cookbook, in describing jang-jorim (soy sauce simmered beef) methods.[1]

Varieties[edit]

  • dubu-jorim (두부조림) – simmered tofu[6]
  • galchi-jorim (갈치조림) – simmered largehead hairtail
  • gamja-jorim (감자조림) – simmered potatoes[7]
  • godeungeo-jorim (고등어조림) – simmered chub mackerel and radish[8]
  • jang-jorim (장조림) – simmered soy sauce simmered beef
  • kkaennip-jorim (깻잎조림) – simmered perilla leaves
  • kkongchi-jorim (꽁치조림) – simmered saury
  • ueong-jorim (우엉조림) – simmered burdock roots
  • yeongeun-jorim (연근조림) – simmered lotus roots

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 이, 효지. "jorim" 조림. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "jorim" 조림. Doopedia (in Korean). Doosan Corporation. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "jorim" 조림. Korean–English Learners' Dictionary. National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "jorida" 조리다. Korean–English Learners' Dictionary. National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "jochi" 조치. Standard Korean Language Dictionary (in Korean). National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  6. ^ Ro, Hyo-sun (19 April 2017). "A recipe for dubu jorim, a spicy Korean braised tofu". The Straits Times. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Ian (25 October 2014). "Side dishes with an order of anything". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  8. ^ Zappia, Corina (26 October 2016). "Mackerel, You Sexy Bastard". The Stranger. Retrieved 1 May 2017.