Jorinde and Joringel
|Jorinde and Joringel|
Illustration by Heinrich Vogeler.
|Name||Jorinde and Joringel|
|Aarne-Thompson grouping||ATU 405|
|Published in||Grimm's Fairy Tales|
"Jorinde and Joringel" is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm (KHM 69). It is Aarne–Thompson 405. The tale is found virtually exclusively in Germany, barring a Swedish variant, although Marie Campbell found a variant in Kentucky, "The Flower of Dew". The story is known in many English translations as "Jorinda and Jorindel".
An evil shape-shifting witch (or "fairy," depending on the translation) lived alone in a dark castle in the woods. She could lure wild animals and birds to her before killing them for food. She froze to stone any man who would dare come near where she stood, and turned innocent maidens into birds and caged them. Jorinde and Joringel, two lovers engaged to be married, went for a walk in the forest. They came too near to the witch's lair. She turned Jorinde into a nightingale and petrified Joringel to the ground. Once she had carried away the bird, she freed Joringel, laughing that he would never see Jorinde again.
One night Joringel dreamed of a flower and that it would break all the witch's spell. He sought it for nine days, found it, and carried it back to the castle. He was not frozen to the ground when he approached the castle and all of the doors opened. He found the witch feeding the birds. She was unable to curse him. When she tried to take one cage away, he realized it was Jorinde. He touched the witch with the flower and her evil magic left her forever. He touched Jorinde with the flower and she became a woman again. Then he transformed all the other women back.
In English compilations, the tale was sometimes translated as Florinda and Yoringal.
In popular culture
- Jorinde and Joringel is featured in Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics as part of its "Grimm Masterpiece Theater" season.
- Ashliman, D. L. (2020). "Grimm Brothers' Children's and Household Tales (Grimms' Fairy Tales)". University of Pittsburgh.
- Stith Thompson, The Folktale, p 96, University of California Press, Berkeley Los Angeles London, 1977
- Bolte, Johannes; Polívka, Jiri. Anmerkungen zu den Kinder- u. hausmärchen der brüder Grimm. Zweiter Band (NR. 61-120). Germany, Leipzig: Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. 1913. p. 69.
- Marie Campbell, Tales from the Cloud-Walking Country, p 254 Indiana University Press, Bloomington 1958
- Singleton, Esther. The golden rod fairy book. New York, Dodd, Mead & company. 1903. pp. 132-136.
- Jorinda and Jorindel online audiobook
- Works related to Jorinda and Jorindel at Wikisource
- Media related to Jorinde and Joringel at Wikimedia Commons
- Jorinde and Joringel musical shadow puppet theatre