Joris Minne

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Joris Minne (Ostend, 1897 – Antwerp, 1988) was a Belgian sculptor, graphic artist, illustrator and painter who helped revive the art of engraving in Belgium.[1][2]

Life and work[edit]

Cover of Lumière, September 1919

Joris Minne was born in Ostend. His parents moved to Antwerp soon after he was born. In Antwerp he completed middle school and then went to the higher school (ateneum) where one of his teachers was August Borms. During the weekend, he attended art classes at the Berchem Academy of Fine Arts.[3] Here one of his teachers was Frans Mortelmans.[4]

During World War I Minne took a job at the Antwerp city Welfare Department. Here he came into contact with Roger Avermaete who was departmental head. Roger Avermaete had a circle of artistic friends who decided to found a magazine. The magazine 'Lumière' was first published in Antwerp in August 1919.[3] The magazine was an artistic and literary journal published in French. Lumière's title was a reference to the magazine Clarté, that was published in Paris by Henri Barbusse.[5] The principal five artists who illustrated the text and the column headings were Frans Masereel, Jan Frans Cantré, Jozef Cantré, Henri van Straten and Joris Minne. They became known as 'De Vijf' or 'Les Cinq' ('The Five').[6] The magazine 'Lumière' was a key force in generating renewed interest in wood engraving in Belgium. The five artists in 'De Vijf' group were instrumental in popularizing the art of wood, copper and linoleum engraving and introducing Expressionism in early 20th-century Belgium.[2][3]

In 1939 Minne started sculpting and won widespread recognition for his sculptures in 1950 with an exhibition in Antwerp's Middelheimpark. He mainly sculpted wood.[2]

Minne's pupils include Chantal De Hemptinne, Claire Pâques, Giele Roelofs and Niel Steenbergen.[1]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Joris Minne at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
  2. ^ a b c PASSINGS : Joris Minne; Belgian Helped Revive Art of Engraving, April 02, 1988, Los Angeles Times
  3. ^ a b c Joos Florquin, 'Ten huize van... 1', Davidsfonds, Leuven / Orion - Desclée De Brouwer, Bruges, 971, p. 270-299 (in Dutch)
  4. ^ Frans MORTELMANS (Antwerpen 1865 - Antwerpen 1936) at Berko Fine Paintings
  5. ^ Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, Christian Weikop, 'The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Europe 1880 - 1940', Oxford University Press, 19 May 2013, p. 330-331
  6. ^ Modernist wood cut prints of Joris Minne
  7. ^ Royal Decree of H.M. King Albert I on 14.11.1919