Joris Voorhoeve

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Joris Voorhoeve
Joris Voorhoeve - bevrijdingsfestival 2014 (3).JPG
Joris Voorhoeve in 2014
Member of the Council of State
In office
1 September 2010 – 1 January 2011
Advisory Member of the Council of State
In office
1 October 2006 – 1 September 2010
Extraordinary Member of the Council of State
In office
1 December 1999 – 1 October 2006
Member of the Council of State
Vice PresidentHerman Tjeenk Willink
Minister of Defence
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byRelus ter Beek
Succeeded byFrank de Grave
Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byRuud Lubbers
Succeeded byBram Peper
as Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
Member of the Scientific
Council for Government Policy
In office
15 February 2002 – 1 September 2010
Director
In office
30 January 1991 – 22 August 1994
Director
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy
In office
15 December 1986 – 30 April 1990
Deputy
Preceded byRudolf de Korte
Succeeded byFrits Bolkestein
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
9 July 1986 – 30 April 1990
Preceded byEd Nijpels
Succeeded byFrits Bolkestein
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
19 May 1998 – 1 December 1999
In office
16 September 1982 – 10 January 1991
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Personal details
Born
Joris Jacob Clemens Voorhoeve

(1945-12-22) 22 December 1945 (age 74)
The Hague, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyDemocrats 66 (from 2009)
Other political
affiliations
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(1975–2010)
Democrats 66
(1969–1971)
Spouse(s)
Judith Jaffe (m. 1976)
ResidenceWillemspark, The Hague, Netherlands
Alma materWageningen University
(Bachelor of Economics, Bachelor of Engineering, Master of Engineering)
Leiden University
(Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science)
Johns Hopkins University
(Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Political scientist · Researcher · Nonprofit director · Political pundit · Lobbyist · Activist · Editor · Author · Professor

Joris Jacob Clemens Voorhoeve (born 22 December 1945) is a retired Dutch politician, political scientist, and diplomat of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).[1] He is known for being a negotiator and consensus builder.

Early life[edit]

Voorhoeve attended the Gymnasium Haganum in The Hague from April 1958 until May 1964. Afterwards, he enrolled at The Hague University of Applied Sciences as an undergraduate from May 1964 until June 1968. Voorhoeve studied at Leiden University beginning in June 1968, majoring in Political science and obtaining a Bachelor of Social Science degree in September 1969 before graduating with a Master of Social Science degree in July 1971. At the same time, he attended Wageningen University from June 1968, majoring in Development economics and Civil engineering and eventually obtaining a Bachelor of Economics degree and a Bachelor of Engineering degree in June 1970 before graduating with a Master of Engineering degree in July 1971.

Voorhoeve later studied at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland from July 1971 for a postgraduate education in International relations while working as a student researcher before graduating with an Master of Arts degree in August 1972. After graduating from Johns Hopkins, he received his doctorate as a Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science in November 1973.

Voorhoeve worked as a political consultant for the World Bank in Washington, D.C. from April 1973 to January 1977 and soon after as a researcher for the Scientific Council for Government Policy from January 1977 to January 1979. Voorhoeve taught as a professor of Governmental Studies and International Relations at the Wageningen University from 1 January 1979 to 16 September 1982. Voorhoeve also worked as the executive director of the Telders Foundation from 10 May 1979 to 16 September 1982.

Political career[edit]

House of Representatives (1982–1990)[edit]

Voorhoeve was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1982 and took office on 16 September 1982 serving as a frontbencher and spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Ed Nijpels announced he was stepping down after losing in the election of 1986, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leadership approached Voorhoeve as a candidate to succeed him.

Voorhoeve won against fellow frontbencher Loek Hermans and took office on 9 July 1986. In December 1986, the new Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and incumbent Deputy Prime Minister Rudolf de Korte announced that he was stepping down as Leader in favor of Voorhoeve, who succeeded him on 15 December 1986. In the election of 1989, Voorhoeve was the Lijsttrekker (top candidate). The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy suffered a loss, losing 5 seats and had 22 seats in the House of Representatives. On 30 April 1990, Voorhoeve announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader. Voorhoeve assumed responsibility for the party's defeat in the election, but continued to serve in the House of Representatives as a frontbencher chairing the Parliamentary Committee for Defence.

Commandant of Dutchbat Lieutenant colonel Thom Karremans of the United Nations Protection Force and Minister of Defence Joris Voorhoeve during a meeting in Zagreb days before the Srebrenica massacre in July 1995.

Bureaucrat (1990–1998)[edit]

In December 1990, Voorhoeve was nominated as Executive Director of the Institute of International Relations Clingendael and he resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives upon his appointment on 10 January 1991. Voorhoeve also served as a Distinguished Professor of Governmental studies and International relations at Leiden University from December 1990 until August 1994. After the election of 1994, Voorhoeve was appointed as the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Netherlands, Antilles, and Aruba Affairs in the Cabinet Kok I, taking office on 22 August 1994.

House of Representatives (1998–1999)[edit]

After the election of 1998, Voorhoeve returned as a Member of the House of Representatives and took office on 19 May 1998. Voorhoeve was not given a cabinet position in the cabinet formation of 1998, though he continued to serve in the House of Representatives as a frontbencher and spokesperson for Defence, Development Cooperation and Kingdom Relations.

Council of State (1999–2011)[edit]

In December 1999, Voorhoeve resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives after being nominated as a Member of the Council of State, which he assumed from 1 December 1999 to 1 January 2011.

Post-political career[edit]

After retiring from politics, Voorhoeve became active in the public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on supervisory boards of companies such as Oxfam, Trilateral Commission, Organisation for Scientific Research, Carnegie Foundation, Rutgers Nisso Group, Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict, Institute for Multiparty Democracy, European Centre for Nature Conservation, International Institute of Social History, Institute of International Relations Clingendael and the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences. Voorhoeve also served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government such as the Scientific Council for Government Policy, Advisory Commission for Asylum Affairs and the Advisory Council for Foreign Affairs as an advocate, lobbyist and activist for causes such as human rights, humanitarianism, social justice, poverty reduction, democracy, the anti-war movement, the anti-nuclear movement, and European integration. Voorhoeve also served as a distinguished professor of Governmental Studies and International Relations at the Leiden University from 30 January 2000 to 30 December 2015, as a distinguished professor of International Relations and War Studies at the Royal Military Academy and the Royal Naval College from 1 January 2001 to 1 January 2011, and as a distinguished professor of Peace and Conflict Studies, International Relations and Public administration at The Hague University of Applied Sciences from 14 January 2011 to 15 March 2018. Voorhoeve has also written more than a dozen books since 1979 about Politics, International relations, and Development Cooperation.[2][3][4][5]

Voorhoeve continues to comment on political affairs as of 2019 and holds the distinction as the last serving Minister for Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Affairs.

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 6 GrVK Stern Band.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Germany 4 April 1995
BEL Order of Leopold II - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 1 December 1995
Ordre de la couronne de Chene Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the Order of the Oak Crown Luxembourg 25 January 1996
Order of the Palm (Suriname) - ribbon bar.png Grand Officer of the Honorary Order of the Palm Suriname 4 April 1996
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the Legion of Honour France 5 May 1997
POL Polonia Restituta Komandorski BAR.svg Commander of the Order of Polonia Restituta Poland 5 February 1998
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 1 January 2011 Elevated from Officer (30 October 1998)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jonathan Witteman, "Zoon Kadhafi schreef dissertatie over democratie 'en pleegde plagiaat'," de Volkskrant, February 24, 2011.
  2. ^ "Jos van Kemenade: "Politiek is een essentieel onderdeel van de samenleving"" (in Dutch). NHNieuws. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2012-11-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Rutte betreurt vertrek Voorhoeve - archief". Nrc.nl. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  5. ^ "Adviesraad Internationale Vraagstukken". Aiv-advies.nl. Retrieved 2016-05-19.

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ed Nijpels
Parliamentary leader of the
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
in the House of Representatives

1986–1990
Succeeded by
Frits Bolkestein
Preceded by
Rudolf de Korte
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

1986–1990
Preceded by
Ed Nijpels
1989
Lijsttrekker of the
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

1989
Succeeded by
Frits Bolkestein
1994
Political offices
Preceded by
Ruud Lubbers
Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs

1994–1998
Succeeded by
Bram Peper
as Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
Preceded by
Relus ter Beek
Minister of Defence
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Frank de Grave
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Unknown
Executive Director of the
Telders Foundation

1979–1982
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Executive Director of the
Institute of International
Relations Clingendael

1991–1994
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Ella Vogelaar
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of
Oxfam Novib

2007–2013
Succeeded by
Hanzo van Beusekom
Preceded by
Nitin Desai
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of Oxfam

2013–present
Incumbent