Joris van Spilbergen
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|Joris van Spilbergen|
Spilbergen meeting King Vimaladharmasuriya in 1602
|Died||1629 (age 51–52)
Bergen op Zoom
Joris van Spilbergen was born in Antwerp in 1568.
His first major expedition was in 1596, when he sailed to Africa.
He then left for Asia on 5 May 1601, from Vere, a seaport on the island of Walcheren in Zealand, in command of the fleet of the company of the Moucheron (a trading company before the esablishement of the VOC). His ships were the Ram, Schaap, and Lam. Spilbergen met the king of Kandy (Sri Lanka) Vimala Dharma Suriya in 1602, and discussed the possibility of trade in cinnamon.
In 1614, he sailed beyond the Strait of Magellan with an expedition of five ships and raided the Spanish settlements on the coast of Mexico and South America. He fought the Spanish at Callao, Acapulco and Navided. On October 26, he captured the pearl fishing ship San Francisco at Zacatula. He then sailed across the Pacific Ocean to the Mariana Islands, the Philippine Islands and eventually to Ternate in the Maluku Islands in March 1616. He circumnavigated the earth, and returned to the Dutch Republic in 1617.
He died a poor man in Bergen op Zoom in 1620.
- Quanchi, Max (2005). Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Pacific Islands. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810853957.
- Bakker, Michel. "Joris van Spilbergen and the Battle of Arequipa", IsGeschiedenis, June 4, 2013
- Anthonisz, Richard Gerald. The Dutch in Ceylon, Asian Educational Services, Colombo, 1929
- Quanchi, Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Pacific Islands, page 233
- Myers, Paul A., North to California, Llumina Press, 2004 ISBN 9781595262516
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