Jornal Nacional

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Jornal Nacional
Logo jn.png
Presented by William Bonner
Renata Vasconcellos
Theme music composer Frank De Vol
Opening theme "The Fuzz"
Country of origin Brazil
Original language(s) Portuguese
Production
Running time 40 minutes
25-30 minutes (Wednesday)
Release
Original network Rede Globo
Original release September 1, 1969 – present
External links
Website

Jornal Nacional (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒox'naw nasjo'naw]; Portuguese for National News) is a Brazilian Emmy-winning[1] primetime news program aired by Rede Globo since September 1, 1969. It was the first news program broadcast live by a television network throughout Brazil.

According to Ibope (Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics), in the week of September 28—October 4, 2015 was the second most watched program of the Brazilian television, with an average of 7,198,680 viewers per minute, taking into account a projection of 15 metropolitan areas.[2]

History[edit]

William Bonner (left) and Renata Vasconcellos (right), main hosts.

Jornal Nacional premiered on September 1, 1969, hosted by Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira.

During the 1970s, Jornal Nacional preferred to emphasize international news and sports. The British documentary Beyond Citizen Kane suggests that this happened so that Globo wouldn't have to report the repression of the military dictatorship, which would have provided a substantial part of the network's growth.

Through the 1980s, three episodes involving the program caused controversy. In 1982, Jornal Nacional's coverage of the state elections of Rio de Janeiro was accused of participating in a plot to fraud the elections. According to former Rede Globo employee Roméro da Costa Machado, Leonel Brizola, a candidate of the opposition to the military regime, was a politician historically persecuted by Rede Globo owner Roberto Marinho. Two years later, the program was accused of omitting information about the Diretas Já, a popular campaign for the resuming of the direct election for president, near the end of dictatorship. Finally, in 1989, Jornal Nacional was accused of editing a presidential debate between runoff candidates Fernando Collor and Luis Inacio Lula da Silva in order to favour Collor. This episode is also extensively debated on Beyond Citizen Kane.

In the 1990s, the quality of Rede Globo's journalism increased dramatically. Jornal Nacional presented its viewers breaking stories such as police brutality at favelas, an interview with Paulo César Farias when he was on the run from the law, corruption cases on the social security, the kicking of the saint incident among several others.

In recent days, after the death of Marinho, Rede Globo's journalism again declined in quality. Jornal Nacional has preferred to broadcast stories produced on the Southeast, in spite of Globo having affiliates in every Brazilian state. During the so-called Mensalão scandal and the 2006 general elections, Jornal Nacional was once again accused of airing anti-Lula biased news. Even worse, it lost great part of its viewership to Rede Record's Jornal da Record, which copied its style and also features former Jornal Nacional anchors, Celso Freitas and Marcos Hummel (as a relief presenter for Jornal da Record), and was known to be widely preferred as a more credible newscast than Jornal Nacional. On November 2005, host William Bonner caused controversy after he compared the average Jornal Nacional viewer with Homer Simpson, the ignorant main character of the American animated series The Simpsons.[3][4][5]

As part of Rede Globo's 50th anniversary, Jornal Nacional will be given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune will remain unchanged. Between March 17 and April 27, 2015, the newscast aired on chroma key.[6][7][8]

Hosts[edit]

After almost 40 years of broadcast, several reporters hosted Jornal Nacional. Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira were the first hosts. In 1971, Sérgio Chapelin replaced Gomes and joined Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. In 1983, Chapelin was replaced by Celso Freitas. Chapelin returned in 1989, hosting again with Moreira until 1996. In that year, William Bonner and Lillian Witte Fibe began serving as hosts. From 1998 and prior to December 5, 2011, Witte Fibe was replaced by Bonner's wife, Fátima Bernardes. Bonner and Bernardes recently tied with Chapelin and Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. From October 31, 2014, the former host of Fantástico, Renata Vasconcellos replaced Patrícia Poeta (who also replaced Fátima) and joined Bonner as the current hosts of this programme.[9][10][11]

Main presenters[edit]

Relief presenters[edit]

Former presenters[edit]

  • Hilton Gomes (1969–1971)
  • Cid Moreira (1969–1996)
  • Sérgio Chapelin (1971–1983; 1989–1996)
  • Celso Freitas (1983–1989)
  • Lillian Witte Fibe (1996–1998)
  • Fátima Bernardes (1998–2011)
  • Patrícia Poeta (2011–2014)

Ratings[edit]

Year Viewers
(in points)[12]
Share (%)[13]
2000 39.4[14] 56,6
2001 37.8[15] 56,6
2002 36.6 55,2
2003 36.6 56,7
2004 40[16]
(39.8)
61,9
2005 35.8 54,8
2006 36.4 54,3
2007 34.0 53,8
2008 32.4 50,9
2009 30.9 50,4
2010 29.8 49,3
2011 32.0 52,4
2012 28.2[17] 48,5
2013 26[18] 45%
2014 23[19] 37%

Criticism[edit]

Some of the news aired by Jornal Nacional are criticized for not representing all points of view, manipulating news[20][21] and being sensationalist.[22][23][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pop & Arte (September 26, 2011). "Jornal Nacional ganha o Emmy Internacional". G1. 
  2. ^ Kantar Ibope Media - Ranking Semanal – Painel Nacional de Televisão 28/09 a 04/10/2015
  3. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Crítica: Homer Simpson desafia "Jornal Nacional"". www1.folha.uol.com.br. January 19, 2006. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Homer Simpson, o brasileiro médio, segundo Bonner - Cultura - Estadão". estadao.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Bonner rebate crítica sobre caso "Homer"". www1.folha.uol.com.br. December 6, 2005. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  6. ^ Já é Notícia - jaenoticia@jaenoticia.com.br. "Em obras, Jornal Nacional vai ao ar com cenário falso e irrita jornalistas - JÁ É NOTÍCIA - NA VELOCIDADE DOS ACONTECIMENTOS". jaenoticia.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Globo adia estreia do novo cenário do "Jornal Nacional" - CdB | Jornal Correio do Brasil". web.archive.org. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Jornal Nacional adia estreia de novo cenário | Na Ponta da Língua". wp.clicrbs.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  9. ^ UOL SP (September 15, 2014). "Patrícia Poeta deixará o "Jornal Nacional" em novembro". UOL Televisão. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ Extra (September 15, 2014). "Patrícia Poeta será substituída por Renata Vasconcellos no 'Jornal Nacional'". Extra. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ Redação (September 15, 2014). "Poeta deixa Jornal Nacional; Renata Vasconcelos assume bancada". UOL. Notícias da TV. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  12. ^ UOL - Ooops!. Desde 2000, "JN" perdeu um terço do público
  13. ^ Luis Soares. Audiência do Jornal Nacional em queda livre
  14. ^ R7.com. Jornal Nacional despenca na audiência e perde um terço do público desde 2000
  15. ^ O DIA. 'Jornal Nacional' tem pior audiência desde 2000
  16. ^ Folha de S. Paulo (2006). Audiência do "Jornal Nacional" despenca; novela "Belíssima" também cai
  17. ^ Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" tem o pior desempenho no ibope desde 2000. UOL.
  18. ^ Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" perde um terço de sua audiência em dez anos. UOL.
  19. ^ "Jornal Nacional" renovado cresce em audiência
  20. ^ "Jornal Nacional manipulou denúncias sobre Petrobras-Alstom | GGN". jornalggn.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  21. ^ "As manifestações de 2013 no Brasil vistas pelo Jornal Nacional (Rede Globo) | Camila Moreira Cesar - Academia.edu". academia.edu. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Analistas critican cobertura "sensacionalista" de tragedia en discoteca brasileña | Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas". knightcenter.utexas.edu. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  23. ^ Medeiros, Flavia Natércia da Silva; Massarani, Luisa. "Pandemic on the air: a case study on the coverage of new influenza A/H1N1 by Brazilian prime time TV news", 21 September 2010. Retrieved on 31 January 2016.
  24. ^ Boldrin, Mariana M. "A IMAGINAÇÃO MELODRAMÁTICA NO JORNAL NACIONAL", Universidade Federal de Goias, 2015. Retrieved on 31 January 2016.

External links[edit]