|Presented by||William Bonner
|Theme music composer||Frank De Vol|
|Opening theme||"The Fuzz"|
|Country of origin||Brazil|
|Running time||40 minutes
25-30 minutes (Wednesday)
|Original channel||Rede Globo|
|Original release||September 1, 1969 – present|
Jornal Nacional (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒox'naw nasjo'naw]; Portuguese for National News) is a Brazilian Emmy-winning primetime news program aired by Rede Globo since September 1, 1969. It was the first news program broadcast live by a television network throughout Brazil.
In 2014-15 season, the newscast was watched by 19.5 million viewers per minute, according to projections-enough to be the third most watched program in Brazil.
Jornal Nacional premiered on September 1, 1969, hosted by Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira.
During the 1970s, Jornal Nacional preferred to emphasize international news and sports. The British documentary Beyond Citizen Kane suggests that this happened so that Globo wouldn't have to report the repression of the military dictatorship, which would have provided a substantial part of the network's growth.
Through the 1980s, three episodes involving the program caused controversy. In 1982, Jornal Nacional's coverage of the state elections of Rio de Janeiro was accused of participating in a plot to fraud the elections. According to former Rede Globo employee Roméro da Costa Machado, Leonel Brizola, a candidate of the opposition to the military regime, was a politician historically persecuted by Rede Globo owner Roberto Marinho. Two years later, the program was accused of omitting information about the Diretas Já, a popular campaign for the resuming of the direct election for president, near the end of dictatorship. Finally, in 1989, Jornal Nacional was accused of editing a presidential debate between runoff candidates Fernando Collor and Luis Inacio Lula da Silva in order to favour Collor. This episode is also extensively debated on Beyond Citizen Kane.
In the 1990s, the quality of Rede Globo's journalism increased dramatically. Jornal Nacional presented its viewers breaking stories such as police brutality at favelas, an interview with Paulo César Farias when he was on the run from the law, corruption cases on the social security, the kicking of the saint incident among several others.
In recent days, after the death of Marinho, Rede Globo's journalism again declined in quality. Jornal Nacional has preferred to broadcast stories produced on the Southeast, in spite of Globo having affiliates in every Brazilian state. During the so-called Mensalão scandal and the 2006 general elections, Jornal Nacional was once again accused of airing anti-Lula biased news. Even worse, it lost great part of its viewership to Rede Record's Jornal da Record, which copied its style and also features former Jornal Nacional anchors, Celso Freitas and Marcos Hummel (as a relief presenter for Jornal da Record), and was known to be widely preferred as a more credible newscast than Jornal Nacional. On November 2005, host William Bonner caused controversy after he compared the average Jornal Nacional viewer with Homer Simpson, the ignorant main character of the American animated series The Simpsons.
As part of Rede Globo's 50th anniversary, Jornal Nacional will be given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune will remain unchanged. Between March 17 and April 27, 2015, the newscast aired on chroma key.
After almost 40 years of broadcast, several reporters hosted Jornal Nacional. Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira were the first hosts. In 1971, Sérgio Chapelin replaced Gomes and joined Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. In 1983, Chapelin was replaced by Celso Freitas . Chapelin returned in 1989, hosting again with Moreira until 1996. In that year, William Bonner and Lillian Witte Fibe began serving as hosts. From 1998 and prior to December 5, 2011, Witte Fibe was replaced by Bonner's wife, Fátima Bernardes. Bonner and Bernardes recently tied with Chapelin and Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. From October 31, 2014, the former host of Fantástico, Renata Vasconcellos replaced Patrícia Poeta (who also replaced Fátima) and joined Bonner as the current hosts of this programme.
- Alexandre Garcia
- Ana Paula Araújo
- Carla Vilhena
- Chico Pinheiro
- Christiane Pelajo
- Evaristo Costa
- Heraldo Pereira
- Giuliana Morrone
- Sandra Annenberg
- William Waack
- Hilton Gomes (1969–1971)
- Cid Moreira (1969–1996)
- Sérgio Chapelin (1971–1983; 1989–1996)
- Renato Machado (relief presenter, 1982–2011)
- Celso Freitas (1983–1989)
- Lillian Witte Fibe (1996–1998)
- Mylena Ciribelli (relief presenter, 1996–1999)
- Fátima Bernardes (1998–2011)
- Patrícia Poeta (2011–2014)
- Pop & Arte (2011-09-26). "Jornal Nacional ganha o Emmy Internacional". G1.
- Crítica: Homer Simpson desafia "Jornal Nacional"
- Homer Simpson, o brasileiro médio, segundo Bonner
- Bonner rebate crítica sobre caso "Homer"
- Em obras, Jornal Nacional vai ao ar com cenário falso e irrita jornalistas
- Globo adia estreia do novo cenário do “Jornal Nacional”
- Jornal Nacional adia estreia de novo cenário
- UOL SP (15 September 2014). "Patrícia Poeta deixará o "Jornal Nacional" em novembro". UOL Televisão. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- Extra (15 September 2014). "Patrícia Poeta será substituída por Renata Vasconcellos no ‘Jornal Nacional’". Extra. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- Redação (15 September 2014). "Poeta deixa Jornal Nacional; Renata Vasconcelos assume bancada". UOL. Notícias da TV. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- UOL - Ooops!. Desde 2000, "JN" perdeu um terço do público
- Luis Soares. Audiência do Jornal Nacional em queda livre
- R7.com. Jornal Nacional despenca na audiência e perde um terço do público desde 2000
- O DIA. 'Jornal Nacional' tem pior audiência desde 2000
- Folha de S. Paulo (2006). Audiência do "Jornal Nacional" despenca; novela "Belíssima" também cai
- Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" tem o pior desempenho no ibope desde 2000. UOL.
- Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" perde um terço de sua audiência em dez anos. UOL.
- Jornal Nacional official website
- Jornal Nacional on Twitter
- Jornal Nacional on Facebook
- Opening sequence of the first Jornal Nacional of 1969 on YouTube