José Ángel Gurría
Ángel Gurría at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012
|5th Secretary-General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development|
Assumed office |
1 June 2006
|Preceded by||Don Johnston|
|Secretary of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico|
1 January 1998 – 30 November 2000
|Preceded by||Guillermo Ortiz Martínez|
|Succeeded by||Francisco Gil Díaz|
|Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico|
1 December 1994 – 31 December 1997
|Preceded by||Manuel Tello Macías|
|Succeeded by||Rosario Green|
8 May 1950|
Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico
|Political party||Revolutionary Institutional Party|
|Alma mater||National Autonomous University of Mexico|
José Ángel Gurría Treviño, also known as Ángel Gurría, (born 8 May 1950) is a Mexican economist and diplomat. Since 1 June 2006 he has been the Secretary-General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Early life and education
Born in Tampico, Tamaulipas, Gurría graduated with a bachelor's degree in Economics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and undertook postgraduate studies at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom and at Harvard University in the United States.
Gurría is a recipient of a number of honorary degrees, from the Universidad de Valle de México, Rey Juan Carlos University, European Universities of Leeds, Haifa, and Bratislava. He served as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs (1994–1997) and as Secretary of Finance (1998–2000) in the Ernesto Zedillo administration. At Foreign Affairs he opposed the Helms-Burton Act and, while serving at the Treasury, he restructured the foreign debt. He also negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and requested financial aid during the 1994 crisis.
Gurría has also been President and CEO of the National Development Bank of Mexico (Nafin) and President and CEO of the Foreign Trade Bank (Bancomext). From 2003 to 2005 he was a chair member of the Inter-American Development Bank's External Advisory Group.
He was the architect of the Mexican economic stabilization, partially by cutting government spending six times during the Zedillo administration. The effect of his work has been felt during Vicente Fox's administration who nominated him to lead the OECD in July 2005.
He has received several awards and decorations from more than 30 countries, including the titles of Grand officier de la Légion d'honneur and chevalier dans l'ordre du Mérite agricole, awarded by the French Government. He has also received a Medal from the French Senate and the Ridder Grootkruis in de Orde van Orange-Naussau awarded by the Netherlands. Most recently, he was distinguished by the President of Korea with the Gwandwha Medal for Diplomatic Service, and also received recognition to his longstanding contribution to the development of public administration in Mexico, the Medalla al Mérito Administrativo Internacional Gustavo Martínez Cabanas, awarded by the Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública (INAP).
In 2007, he was the first recipient of the Globalist of the Year Award of the Canadian International Council to honour his effort as a global citizen to promote tunas-nationalism, inclusiveness and a global consciousness. His award include the Ben Gurion Leadership Award, the Award Isidro Fabela by the Mexican Association of International Studies, The Nueva Economía Award, the Orden Bernardo O'Higgins en el Grado de Gran Cruz, and the Medalla Rectorial from the University of Chile.
On 26 May 2015, the 34 member countries of the OECD decided to renew Secretary-General Ángel Gurría's mandate at the helm of the Organisation for the period 2016–2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Ángel Gurría.|
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau, 2015 (Netherlands)
- Member, Inter-American Dialogue
- Grand Officier de la légion d'honneur (France)
- Chevalier du Mérite Agricole. (France)
- The Order of Diplomatic Service Merit (Gwanghwa Medal - South Korea)
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- "Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General (CV)". OECD. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- "Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD". Oecd.org. 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- Woodward, Richard (2009-05-08). The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Routledge. ISBN 9781134194438.
- "Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General (CV) - OECD". www.oecd.org. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
- "Leading the Way". The Business Year. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
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- Latin American Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee (January 2006). "A NEW ERA AT THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" (PDF). www.cgdev.org.
-  Archived 14 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Angel Gurría". Institute for New Economic Thinking. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
- Artega, José Manuel (21 July 2005). "Gurría se perfila rumbo a la OCDE" (in Spanish). El Universal. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
- "Members renew Angel Gurría's mandate at the helm of the OECD". OECD. oecd members.
- "NL Ambassador OECD on Twitter". Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Inter-American Dialogue | José Ángel Gurría". www.thedialogue.org. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
Manuel Tello Macías
| Secretary of Foreign Affairs