José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos
|José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos|
José Agustín Silvestre
|Born||May 5, 1952
La Romana, Dominican Republic
|Died||August 2, 2011
Sabana del Soco, San Pedro, Dominican Republic
|Cause of death||Gunfire, murder|
|Resting place||Old Municipal Cemetery, La Romana, Dominican Republic|
|Residence||La Romana, Dominican Republic|
|Other names||José Silvestre, a.k.a. "Gajo"|
|Occupation||TV host, Journalist|
|Years active||TV, 1975-2011 ; magazine, 1982-2011|
|Known for||exposing drug trafficking and corruption|
|Notable work||"La Voz de la Verdad" (Caña TV)|
José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos (May 5, 1952 – 2 August 2011), also known as José Silvestre and by his nickname "Gajo", was a television host of the show "La Voz de la Verdad" for Caña TV and a magazine publisher of the same title in La Romana, Dominican Republic. Silvestre was killed because of his reporting about drug trafficking and not government retribution. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, Silvestre was the third journalist murdered in the Dominican Republic since 1992.
Silvestre, a 36-year veteran of journalism and muckraker, hosted a television program "La Voz de la Verdad" (Translation: Voice of Truth) on regional TV station Caña TV since 1975 and edited the magazine named after the show since 1982. In 2010, he released a video of police brutality and murder that gained public attention.
A case of libel had already been brought against Silvestre for his report where he accused political figures and a priest, who were supposed to be part of anti-drug efforts, of being involved in drug trafficking. Silvestre had previously spent 6 days in jail in May and June before making bail. The prosecutor José Polanco Ramírez had brought libel charges against Silvestre and he was to appear in court the day on which he was killed.
Silvestre was abducted and murdered 2 August 2011 in connection with his reports about drug trafficking. The week before an attempt had been made on Silvestre's life. Police allege Matías Avelino Castro, also known as "Daniel" or "Daniel the Big Gun of Samana," ordered his murder. Silvestre was seized by at least four men outside a La Romana hotel near his home and was forced into a Ford Explorer. The attackers shot Silvestre three times to kill him and then dumped his corpse near a highway at a place called "El Peñón", which is near Sabana del Soco, San Pedro de Macorís, and is located between La Romana and Santo Domingo. Police say Castro, who also goes by the alias Joaquín Espinal Almeyda, wanted to avenge a mention in an article by Silvestre linking him to criminal activity, including the murder of two people in the eastern city of La Romana. Silvestre said before his murder that he would make an announcement on his TV program.
The National Police arrested five men and found guns and money around a week later. Police allege the five were responsible for the attack on Silvestre and placed them in preventative custody. At the time, Castro was not found by police.
According to a report by Diaro Libre on 28 September 2011, the SUV that the perpetrators used had come from an Avis car rental facility in La Caleta, Boca Chica, and the manager of that facility, who was in custody, died as he was being transferred from a detention center to a medical facility.
In December 2011, José Rijo, the Cincinnati Reds pitcher who won the World Series Most Valuable Player Award in 1990, was subpeonaed by the Dominican Republic's Anti-Money Laundering Unit in relation to his business dealings with Castro, who was also a hotel and advertising agency owner, and for any information about Silvestre's murder. German Miranda, who is the head of the unit, said an arrest warrant had been issued for Rijo. The next day, 14 December 2011, Rijo was interviewed by two sections of the Justice Ministry and confirmed his business relationship with Castro.
In February 2013, Castro was arrested in Spain by Interpol.
|Murder of José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos|
|Location||La Romana, Dominican Republic|
|Date||August 2, 2011|
José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos died for reporting about drug trafficking and the suspected person behind his murder, Matías Avelino Castro, has been alleged to belong to the Samaná drug cartel in the Dominican Republic. According to the CIA World Factbook, drug trafficking is an issue in the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic is a hub for drugs from South America or ecstasy from The Netherlands and Belgium. It is also a point of substantial money laundering activity, in particular for Colombian narcotics traffickers.
Just prior to his death, Silvestre had reportedly prepared a publication naming political leaders, businessmen and government officials allegedly linked to international drug trafficking.
Irina Bokova, who is the director-general of UNESCO, said, "It is essential that a full investigation be carried out into this case for journalists to be able to continue exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression."
Amnesty International said the Dominican authorities must better protect journalists. "If it emerges that his death could have been prevented through better protection, the authorities must make that information public and ensure more is done in future to protect journalists at risk."
- Abiu Lopez (AP), Ezequiel (September 2, 2011). "Journalist Kidnapped and Killed Over Looming Exposé of Drugs and Corruption Among Businessmen". Fox News Latino. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific; Cultural Organization (August 5, 2011). "Director-General condemns murder of Dominican Republic journalist José Agustín Silvestre". UNESCO Press. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- "Police Name Journalist's Alleged Killers, Confirm Reporting Was Motive". Reporters Without Borders. August 11, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- "El asesinato de Silvestre empaña clima de libertad de prensa en RD". listindiario.com.do (in Spanish). October 16, 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos". Committee to Protect Journalists. August 2, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- "3 Journalists Killed in Dominican Republic since 1992/Motive Confirmed". Committee to Protect Journalists. August 2, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- "Slain journalist Jose Silvestre buried amid cries for justice". Dominican Today. August 4, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- Cordero, Franklin (August 4, 2010). "Sepultan bajo lluvia a José Silvestre (Gajo)". Último Minuto/Serie 26. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- Cordero, Franklin (April 10, 2010). "El periodista José Silvestre (Gajo) está detenido este martes en la Policía". Último Minuto/Serie 26. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "RSF exige la liberación inmediata del periodista dominicano de Cana TV "Gajo"". hoy.com.do. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "AI condena asesinato de periodista dominicano y pide protección a autoridades". terra (in Spanish). August 3, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "Asesinado un periodista dominicano que denunció nexos de un fiscal con drogas". El Mundo (in Spanish). August 3, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- Caroit, Jean-Michel (August 30, 2011). "En République dominicaine, les narcotrafiquants ont infiltré tous les niveaux de pouvoir". La Monde (in French). Retrieved 2013-10-03.
- "Poderoso capo ordenó matar a José Silvestre". Listin Diaro (in Spanish). August 10, 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- UPI Reporte Latin America. (August 10, 2011). "Policía dominicana busca autor intelectual de asesinato de periodista" (in Spanish). Radio la Primerisima. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Administrator of Rent-a-Car in Silvestre case dies". Diaro Libre. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Identifican otros tres hombres implicados en asesinato periodista José Silvestre". Noticias Sin (in Spanish). October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "Ex star pitcher surrenders in case of journalist's murder". Dominican Today. December 13, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "Ex Cincinnati Reds star pitcher admits links to drug trafficking fugitive". Dominican Today. December 14, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "Interpol apresa en España acusado de muerte periodista José Silvestre" (in Spanish). Diario Libre. February 21, 2013.
- Hernandez, Daniel (August 18, 2011). "Hotel owner sought in Dominican journalist killing". LA Times. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- Central Intelligence Agency. 2008. "Transnational Issues: The Dominican Republic " The World Factbook. Retrieved October 30, 2011 CIA.
- International Press Institute. 2011. "José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos: Dominican Republic, 1 killed" International Press Institute. Retrieved October 30, 2011 IPI
- "Dominican Republic: Journalist's killing must spur better protection". Amnesty International. August 3, 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
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