José Antonio Ocampo
|José Antonio Ocampo|
|United Nations Undersecretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs|
1 July 2003 – 1 July 2007
|Preceded by||Nitin Desai|
|Succeeded by||Sha Zukang|
|United Nations Executive Secretary for the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean|
1 January 1998 – 1 July 2003
|Preceded by||Gert Rosenthal|
|Succeeded by||José Luis Machinea|
|61st Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Colombia|
7 August 1996 – 24 November 1997
|President||Ernesto Samper Pizano|
|Preceded by||Guillermo Perry Rubio|
|Succeeded by||Antonio José Urdinola Uribe|
|Director of the National Planning Department of Colombia|
7 August 1994 – 14 May 1996
|President||Ernesto Samper Pizano|
|Preceded by||Armando Montenegro Trujillo|
|Succeeded by||Juan Carlos Ramírez Jaramillo|
|Minister of Agriculture of Colombia|
4 May 1993 – 7 August 1994
|Preceded by||Alfonso López Caballero|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Hernández Gamarra|
20 December 1952 |
Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia
|Alma mater||University of Notre Dame
José Antonio Ocampo Gaviria (born 20 December 1952) is, since July 2007, Professor of Professional Practice in International and Public Affairs and Director of the Economic and Political Development Concentration at the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. Prior to his appointment, Ocampo served in a number of positions in the United Nations and the Government of Colombia, most notably in the United Nations as Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs and Executive Secretary for the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Colombia as Minister of Finance and Public Credit and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development.
On 23 March 2012, Ocampo was nominated by Brazil as a candidate to lead the World Bank. Ocampo's native Colombia declined to endorse his bid, however, and with limited backing he withdrew from the race on 13 April 2012 and swung his support behind Nigerian Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala.
Ocampo graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1972 with BAs in Sociology and Economics, in 1976 he received his PhD in Economics from Yale University with his dissertation Capital accumulation and international relations.
From 2008-2010, he was co-director of the UNDP/OAS Project on “Agenda for a Citizens’ Democracy in Latin America”. In 2009, he was a Member of the Commission of Experts of the UN General Assembly on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System.
In the political realm, he served in 2003-2007 as the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. As such, he chaired the UN Executive Committee on Economic and Social Affairs and headed the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), which produces a wide range of research and analytical work on development issues, leads the follow-up to the major UN Summits and Conferences, and provides substantive and organizational support to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the General Assembly.
Previously, from 1998 to 2003 he was Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and from 1989 to 1997 he held a number of high-level posts in the Government of Colombia, including Minister of Finance and Public Credit, and as such, Chair of the Central Bank's (Bank of the Republic) Board, Director of the National Planning Department, and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development.
In the academic sphere, he served as Executive Director of FEDESARROLLO, Colombia's main think tank on economic issues, Director of the Centre for Economic Development Studies at the University of the Andes, Professor of Economics at Universidad de los Andes, and Professor of Economic History at the National University of Colombia. He has also taught as Visiting Professor at Cambridge, Oxford and Yale Universities and lectured in many other institutions while participating in many policy and academic conferences around the world.
Ocampo is author or editor of over 40 books and has published some 300 scholarly articles on macroeconomic theory and policy, international financial issues, economic and social development, international trade, and Colombian and Latin American economic history. He has also directed some 20 institutional reports.
His most recent books include The Economic Development of Latin America since Independence, with Luis Bértola (forthcoming 2012); the Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics, edited with Jaime Ros (2011); Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis, edited with Stephany Griffith-Jones and Joseph E. Stiglitz (2010); Growth and Policy in Developing Countries: A Structuralist Approach, with Lance Taylor and Codrina Rada (2009); and Capital Account Liberalization and Development, edited with Joseph E. Stiglitz (2008).
His past books include Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development, with Joseph E. Stiglitz et al. (2006); Regional Financial Cooperation (2006); International Finance and Development (2006); Globalization and Development: A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective (2003); the three-volume Economic History of Twentieth Century Latin America (2000), edited with Enrique Cárdenas and Rosemary Thorp; and more than ten editions of Historia Económica de Colombia (2007), originally published in 1977, and considered to be the best known text on the subject.
He has also written co-written a book chapter, with Stephany Griffith-Jones, Helping control boom-bust in finance through countercyclical regulation in Towards human development new approaches to macroeconomics and inequality.
Ocampo is married to Ana Lucía Lalinde and has three children. Rocio, 30, holds a B.A in Political Science from Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain, an MS in Gender from the same University and an MS in water from Brighton University in England; she currently works in ECLAC Mexico. Juan Camilo, 20, graduated from Horace Mann School and is currently in his second year at Columbia University where he is pursuing a double major in Mathematical Economics and Philosophy. Maria José, 19, also graduated from Horace Mann School and is currently a first-year student at Boston College where she works towards a double major in Psychology and Art.
- "Ocampo: Inspirador del Salto" [Ocampo: Inspirer of the Leap]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 1994-06-19. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "SIPA Faculty". School of International and Public Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Secretary-General Appoints José Antonio Ocampo of Colombia New Under-Secretary Fr Economic And Social Affairs". United Nations. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Exclusive: Developing nations to name two candidates for World Bank". Reuters. 21 March 2012.
- "Ocampo drops out from World Bank bid; gives full support to Nigerian candidate" MercoPress, 14 April 2012. Accessed on 4/15/12 at: http://en.mercopress.com/2012/04/14/ocampo-drops-out-from-world-bank-bid-gives-full-support-to-nigerian-candidate
- Ocampo Gaviria, José Antonio, Capital accumulation and international relations (thesis/dissertation), Yale University, OCLC 254228426
- Ocampo, José Antonio; Griffith-Jones, Stephany (2014), "Helping control boom-bust in finance through countercyclical regulation", in Stewart, Frances; Cornia, Giovanni A., Towards human development new approaches to macroeconomics and inequality, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, pp. 269–290, ISBN 9780198706083
- Personal homepage
- Faculty profile at the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
- Former Executive Secretary at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
- Column archive at Project Syndicate
- Works by or about José Antonio Ocampo in libraries (WorldCat catalog)