José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo

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José Pinheiro de Azevedo
Pinheiro de Azevedo.jpg
104th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
19 September 1975 – 23 June 1976
President Francisco da Costa Gomes
Preceded by Vasco Gonçalves
Succeeded by Vasco de Almeida e Costa (Acting)
Minister of National Defence
In office
19 September 1975 – 23 July 1976
Preceded by Silvano Ribeiro
Succeeded by Mário Firmino Miguel
Member of the National Salvation Junta
In office
25 April 1974 – 14 March 1975
President António de Spínola
Francisco da Costa Gomes
Other members
Personal details
Born (1917-06-05)5 June 1917
Luanda, Portuguese Angola
Died 10 August 1983(1983-08-10) (aged 66)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Independent (before 1976)
Christian Democracy (from 1976)
Alma mater Portuguese Navy School
Occupation Naval officer
Military service
Allegiance  Portugal
Service/branch  Portuguese Navy
Years of service 1937–1976
Rank Admiral

Admiral José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo, GCL (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ baˈtiʃtɐ piˈɲɐjɾu dɨ ɐzɨˈvedu]; 5 June 1917 in Luanda – 10 August 1983) was a Portuguese political figure, reformer and revolutionary. He helped overthrow Marcelo Caetano in 1974. He served as the 104th Prime Minister of Portugal between 19 September 1975 and 23 June 1976. He ran for president in 1976, and lost.

Pinheiro de Azevedo was born on June 5, 1917, in the city of Luanda in Portuguese Angola. In the 1960s, he joined the Movement for Democratic Unity and was a supporter of the Presidential candidacies of José Norton de Matos, Manuel Quintão Meireles and Humberto Delgado.

Pinheiro de Azevedo served in the Portuguese Colonial War, as an admiral in charge of the maritime defense of Angola.

After the Revolution of April 25, 1974, he was appointed to the National Salvation Junta, and was committed to the cause of democratization in Portugal.

On August 29, 1975 he became Prime Minister of the Sixth Provisional Government replacing ousted Prime Minister Vasco Gonçalves.

At the end of his tenure as Prime Minister, he was replaced temporarily between June 23 and July 23, 1976, by Vasco Almeida e Costa, Minister of Internal Administration.

In 1976, Pinheiro de Azevedo ran as an independent for the Portuguese presidency.

Presidential Elections of 27 June 1976[edit]

e • d Summary of the 27 June 1976 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round
Votes %
António Ramalho Eanes Independent 2,967,137 61.59
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho Independent 792,760 16.46
José Pinheiro de Azevedo Independent 692,147 14.37
Octávio Rodrigues Pato Portuguese Communist Party 365,586 7.59
Total valid 4,817,630 100.00
Blank ballots 43,242 0.89
Invalid ballots 20,253 0.41
Total (turnout 75.47%) 4,881,125
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições


Political offices
Preceded by
Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves
Prime Minister of Portugal
Succeeded by
Vasco Fernando Leotte de Almeida e Costa