José Cândido de Melo Carvalho

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José Cândido de Melo Carvalho
Born(1914-06-11)June 11, 1914
Carmo do Rio Claro, Minas Gerais
DiedOctober 22, 1994(1994-10-22) (aged 80)
Rio de Janeiro
NationalityBrazilian
Alma materD.V.M. Universidade Federal de Viçosa
Ph.D. University of Iowa
Known forStudies on Miridae (Hemiptera)
Scientific career
FieldsZoology, Entomology
InstitutionsMuseu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro
Author abbrev. (zoology)J.C.M. Carvalho

José Cândido de Melo Carvalho (June 11, 1914 – October 22, 1994) was a Brazilian zoologist who specialized in entomology and was a world authority on the true bugs or Hemiptera. He was director of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (1955–1960), in Belém, and of the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. His abilities both in science and in the field of politics helped Brazil to develop and maintain a high level of systematic biology.

Carvalho published more than 500 papers on the taxonomy of the Miridae, as well as studies of other insect groups. Between 1957 and 1960 his catalog of the Miridae of the world was published by the National Museum, totaling more than 1,100 pages.

He coordinated the edition of "Atlas da Fauna Brasileira", a book on Brazilian animals.

In addition, he published on the knowledge of animals by Indians of the Xingu River basin, and on the explorations of early naturalists in the Amazon.

He was a member of the Vatican Academy of Sciences, and Vice President of the Brazilian National Research Council.

He participated in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, at which time he became friends with future Brazilian president Castelo Branco.