José Campeche

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José Campeche y Jordán
José Campeche.JPG
José Campeche
BornJosé Campeche Jordán
December 03, 1751
San Juan, Puerto Rico
DiedNovember 7, 1809
San Juan,Puerto Rico
NationalityPuerto Rican
EducationTrained by Luis Paret y Alcázar
Known forPainting
Notable workVirgen de la Soledad de la Victoria, Our Lady of Bethlehem, The Virgin of the Rosary, Saint John the Baptist, The Sacred Family, The Bishop of San Francisco de la Cuerda, The Vision of Saint Anthony and The Shipwreck of Power in honor of Ramón Power y Giralt,

José Campeche y Jordán[note 1] (December 23, 1751 – November 7, 1809), is the first known Puerto Rican visual artist and considered by art critics as one of the best rococo artists in the Americas. Campeche y Jordán loved to use colors that referenced the landscape of Puerto Rico, as well as the social and political crème de la crème.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Campeche was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. His parents were Tomás Campeche (1701–1780) and María Jordán y Marqués. His father was a freed slave born in Puerto Rico and his mother was a native of the Canary Islands. His father, a restorer and painter of religious statues, was an early influence on the young Campeche's interest in the arts. Campeche was trained by Luis Paret y Alcázar, a Spanish court painter banished from Spain.[2][3][4]


Campeche distinguished himself with his paintings related to religious themes and of governors and other important personalities. His most famous paintings are:[3][4] and his best known portraits are of:[2]

  • Juan Alejo de Arizmendi
  • Our Lady of Bethlehem
  • Portrait of Brigadier don Ramón de Castro y Gutiérrez
  • Portrait of Governor don Miguel de Ustariz
  • Saint John the Baptist
  • The Bishop of San Francisco de la Cuerda
  • The Rescue of Don Ramón Power y Giralt in honor of Ramón Power y Giralt
  • The Sacred Family
  • The Virgin of the Rosary
  • The Vision of Saint Anthony
  • Virgen de la Soledad de la Victoria
  • Doña María de los Dolores Gutiérrez del Mazo y Pérez, ca. 1796.

The Puerto Rican society of the time appreciated Campeche's personal and artistic merits and he is now considered to be amongst the most gifted rococo artists in the Americas. His works of art can be found in museums, churches and private collections in Puerto Rico and Venezuela. Campeche died in the city of San Juan on November 7, 1809.[3][4]



  1. ^ This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Campeche and the second or maternal family name is Jordán.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tatum, Charles M. (2014). Encyclopedia of Latino Culture: From Calaveras to Quinceañeras. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-440-80099-3. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 882253127
  2. ^ a b c Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico
  3. ^ a b c d Smithsonian American Art Museum
  4. ^ a b c d El Nuevo Dia Archived July 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

  • El Nuevo Dia
  • José Campeche - Testigo de la Ciudad, Arturo Dávila, Cuadernos de Cultura #12, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, 2005