José Carlos Martínez (dancer)
José Carlos Martínez (born in 1969 Cartagena) is a Spanish dancer and choreographer, former Etoile of the Paris Opera Ballet, and since December 2010, artistic director of the Spanish National Dance Company.
He is the only dancer to have received the Prix Benois de la Danse, the Gold medal of the Varna International Ballet Competition, and the Prix de Lausanne, among the most prestigious dance competitions in the world. The Japanese Shinshokan Dance Magazine thus recognized him has one of the best dancers of the era in the world.
Martínez studied dance with Pilar Molina in Cartagena, followed by the École supérieure de danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower. In 1987 he received the Prix de Lausanne and entered the Paris Opera Ballet School, joining the Paris Opera Ballet in 1988, where he was named principal dancer in 1997. In 1992, he was awarded the Gold medal of the Varna International Ballet Competition and in 1999, the Premio Nacional de Danza.
He danced the major classical ballets such as Swan Lake, Giselle, Don Quixote, La Bayadère, The Sleeping Beauty, Raymonda, Paquita, The Nutcracker, La Sylphide, Romeo and Juliet, as well as neoclassical ballets by Frederick Ashton, George Balanchine, Kenneth MacMillan, Yury Grigorovich, Antony Tudor, Serge Lifar, Harald Lander, John Cranko, among others. Martínez also danced contemporary pieces by Maurice Béjart, John Neumeier, Mats Ek, William Forsythe, Jiří Kylián, Martha Graham, Roland Petit, and Pina Bausch.
He performed as guest artist at the most celebrated dance companies in the world, including the Bolshoi Ballet, Mariinsky Ballet, Ballet Nacional de Cuba, English National Ballet, La Scala Theatre Ballet, Tokyo Ballet, Ballet de Bordeaux, Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, the Berlin Staatsoper, and l'Opéra de Nice.
In 2008, initiating a series of shows under the artistic project José Martínez in Compañía, Martínez's project showcased in Spain numerous Spanish soloists who had carried out their careers abroad. The shows included renowned dancers Lucía Lacarra, Tamara Rojo, Alicia Amatrian, Iván Gil-Ortega as well as provided an opportunity to lesser-known young Spanish dancers to dance in their home country again.
In 2002, Martinez began choreographing, completing eight ballets since and receiving the Prix Benois de la Danse as choreographer for Les Enfants du Paradis in 2009. His latest, from 2010, entitled Marco Polo, the last Mission was commissioned by the Ballet of Shanghai during the Shanghai World's Fair.
In December 2010, Martinez was named artistic director of the Spanish National Dance Company.
- 1987 Prix de Lausanne
- 1992 Gold medal of the Varna International Ballet Competition
- 1991 Prix de l'AROP
- 1992 Prix Carpeaux
- 1988 Premio Danza e Danza de la Critica Italiana
- 1988 Premio Léonide Massine-Positano (Italy) for The Three-Cornered Hat
- 1999 Premio Nacional de Danza de España
- 2000 Gold medal of the city of Cartagena
- 2005 Prix Elegance et Talent France/Chine
- 2005 Premio de las Artes Escenicas (Valencia)
- 2009 Prix Benois de la Danse for Les Enfants du Paradis
- Officier des Arts et Lettres .
- 2003 Paquita, Paris Opera Ballet
- 2005 Swan Lake, Paris Opera Ballet
- 2005 Appartement, Paris Opera Ballet
- 2006 Sylvia, Paris Opera Ballet
- La Dame aux Camélias, Paris Opera Ballet
- La Petite danseuse de Degas, Paris Opera Ballet
- Official website of José Carlos Martínez
- Website of the Paris Opera Ballet, Webcitation
- Tamara Rojo y José Carlos Martínez, máximos candidatos para sustituir a Duato al frente de la CND, El País, April 14, 2010.
- José Carlos Martínez, nuevo director de la Compañía Nacional de Danza, El País, December 17, 2010.
- José Carlos Martínez, nuevo director de la Compañía Nacional de Danza, La Moncloa, December 17, 2010