José Gregorio Monagas

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José Gregorio Monagas
José Gregorio Monagas 2.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
5 February 1851 – 20 January 1855
Preceded by José Tadeo Monagas
Succeeded by José Tadeo Monagas
Personal details
Born (1795-05-04)4 May 1795
Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela
Died 15 July 1858(1858-07-15) (aged 63)
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Spouse(s) Clara Marrero
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

José Gregorio Monagas (4 May 1795 – 15 July 1858) was President of Venezuela 1851-1855 and brother of José Tadeo Monagas.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

General José Gregorio Monagas was born in Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela, in 1795. His parents were Francisco José Monagas, a merchant from the Canary Islands, and Perfecta Burgos, a native of Cojedes.[2] Monagas started his military career at an early age, in 1813, along with his brother José Tadeo.

Career[edit]

Military campaigns[edit]

During Venezuela's emancipation war, Monagas participated in several important campaigns against Spanish royalists Juan Domingo de Monteverde and José Tomás Boves. Because of his brave participation in the Battle of Carabobo, Venezuelan independence hero Simón Bolívar dubbed him the First Spear of the East.

1851-1858: Presidency[edit]

In 1851, José Gregorio Monagas succeeded his brother José Tadeo Monagas as President of Venezuela. During his presidency, Monagas proclaimed Venezuela to be a nation free of slavery, in an edict signed on 24 March 1854. This decision was one of the main causes of the Federal War.[3]

The combined rule of Jose Tadeo and Jose Gregorio Monagas (1847-1858) is commonly referred to as the Monagas Dynasty, or Monagato.[citation needed] It ended with the overthrow of José Tadeo at the hands of Julián Castro and his allies during José Tadeo's second term.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

José Gregorio Monagas was married to Clara Marrero de Monagas,[citation needed] who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1851 until 1855.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Official biography
  2. ^ http://www.gluv.org/proceres%20masones/Jose%20Tadeo%20Monagas.htm. JOSE TADEO MONAGAS (In Spanish). Accessed 6 October 2010 at 12:50 pm.[dead link]
  3. ^ Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery, 1995. Page 34.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
José Tadeo Monagas
President of Venezuela
1851-1855
Succeeded by
José Tadeo Monagas