José Joaquín de Olmedo

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José Joaquín de Olmedo
President of Ecuador
In office
March 6, 1845 – December 8, 1845
Preceded by Juan José Flores
Succeeded by Vicente Ramón Roca
Personal details
Born March 20, 1780
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Died February 19, 1847(1847-02-19) (aged 66)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Spouse(s) María Rosa Icaza y Silva
Alma mater Universidad Mayor de San Marcos

José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri (March 20, 1780 – February 19, 1847) was President of Ecuador from March 6, 1845 to December 8, 1845. A patriot and poet, he was the son of the Spanish Captain Don Miguel de Olmedo y Troyano and the Guayaquilean Ana Francisca de Maruri y Salavarría.

On October 9, 1820, Olmedo and others declared the city of Guayaquil independent from Spain. He was President of the Free Province of Guayaquil until it was united to Gran Colombia by Simón Bolívar against Olmedo's will. He was also twice mayor of Guayaquil.

He was Vice President of Ecuador from 1830 to 1831, and became President of Ecuador from March 6, 1845, to December 8, 1845, surviving an attempted coup on June 18 of that year.

He was also a noted poet who emphasized patriotic themes. His best-known work is La victoria de Junin, which pictures the Latin American fighters for independence from Spain as the legitimate heirs of the Incas.

Olmedo devoted his life to Guayaquil, he created the Guayaquilean flag and shield, and in 1821 he composed the Song to the October Ninth, which would become the Guayaquil Anthem.

He is quoted as saying “He who does not hope to win has already lost.”[1]

The José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport in Guayaquil is named after him.


  1. ^ Jose Joaquin Olmedo. Search Quotes

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Position created
Vice President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Modesto Larrea y Carrión
Preceded by
Juan José Flores
President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Vicente Ramón Roca