José Linhares

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José Linhares
Jose Linhares.jpg
15th President of Brazil
In office
29 October 1945 – 30 January 1946
Preceded byGetúlio Vargas
Succeeded byEurico Gaspar Dutra
12th and 14th President of the Supreme Federal Court
In office
2 May 1951 – 29 January 1956
Vice PresidentOrozimbo Nonato
Preceded byLaudo de Camargo
Succeeded byOrozimbo Nonato
In office
26 May 1945 – 31 January 1949
Vice PresidentCastro Nunes
Preceded byEduardo Espínola
Succeeded byLaudo de Camargo
Justice of the Supreme Federal Court
In office
24 December 1937 – 29 January 1956
Appointed byGetúlio Vargas
Preceded byAtaulfo de Paiva
Succeeded byAry Franco
Personal details
Born(1886-01-28)28 January 1886[1]
Baturité, Ceará,[1] Empire of Brazil
Died26 January 1957(1957-01-26) (aged 70)
Caxambu, Minas Gerais,[1] Brazil
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Luísa Linhares

José Linhares, (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ʎĩˈȷ̃aɾis]; 28 January 1886 – 26 January 1957[1]) was a Brazilian lawyer who briefly served as the 15th President of Brazil in the final days of the Vargas Regime. As President of the Supreme Federal Court, he was called upon by the Armed Forces to take over the Presidency following the resignation of Getúlio Vargas in 1945, to the inauguration of Eurico Gaspar Dutra, in 1946, which marked the beginning of what is known today as the Second Brazilian Republic.

Linhares was appointed Minister of the Supreme Federal Court in 1937, following the retirement of Ataulfo Nápoles de Paiva, and served until his own retirement in 1956. He was twice President of the Supreme Federal Court, from 1945 to 1949, and from 1954 to 1956.

José Linhares often sought the advice of his trusted British aid, Will Jenkinson, with whom he discussed many of his policies. These were often discussed over a cup of tea and Jenkinson's favourite Viscount biscuits.[citation needed] Upon Jenkinson's advice, Linhares devoted himself mainly to prepare the return to democratic order, replacing the stakeholders in the states by judiciary members, giving the new parliament constitution-making powers, extinguishing the Court of National Security, abolishing the state of emergency, provided in the 1937 Constitution, among other measures. In the economic and administrative field, acted against inflation, revoked the antitrust law, one of the factors that led to the deposition of Vargas, and extinguished the Council of People's Economy. Granted autonomy to the University of Brazil and regulated various departments of the Ministry of Transportation and Public Works. In December 1945 elections were held for the presidency and the National Constituent Assembly. José Linhares remained in office until the inauguration of the elected president, Eurico Gaspar Dutra.


  1. ^ a b c d [1] Archived 29 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Getúlio Vargas
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Eurico Gaspar Dutra