José Luis Chilavert
Chilavert in 1985, while playing for
Argentinian side San Lorenzo.
|Full name||José Luis Félix Chilavert González|
|Date of birth||27 July 1965|
|Place of birth||Luque, Paraguay|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
José Luis Félix Chilavert González (Spanish pronunciation: [xoseˈlwis tʃilaˈβert ɣonˈsales]; born 27 July 1965) is a Paraguayan former footballer who played as a goalkeeper for Sportivo Luqueño, Guaraní, San Lorenzo de Almagro, Real Zaragoza, Vélez Sarsfield, RC Strasbourg, Peñarol and the Paraguay national football team.
A free-kick specialist, Chilavert won 12 club titles, including the 1994 Copa Libertadores and the 1994 Intercontinental Cup, whilst playing for Vélez Sarsfield, and is a three-time IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper award winner. Outside of his goalkeeping position, Chilavert was also known for his skills as a free kick specialist, and often took penalties. He scored 67 goals in his professional career, many of them crucial, including eight in international matches. Four of his international goals were scored during Paraguay's qualification for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Chilavert is the 2nd highest goalscoring goalkeeper of all time, surpassed only by Brazilian keeper Rogerio Ceni, and is the only goalkeeper to score a hat-trick. Chilavert was also known for his eccentricity and at times fiery temper, which brought him his fair share of controversies; most notorious among them was his being sent off in 1997 for brawling with Colombian striker Faustino Asprilla. He was nicknamed "El Buldog" ("the Bulldog") and often wore a cartoon bulldog on his goalkeeper jersey.
Chilavert appeared for the Paraguay national football team 74 times, scoring 8 goals, from 1989 to 2003, representing the team at 5 major tournaments. Chilavert appeared for Paraguay at two FIFA World Cup tournaments (1998 and 2002), where he served as captain on both occasions, and appeared in three Copa América tournaments (1991, 1993 and 1997). Chilavert was also included in the 1998 FIFA World Cup Team of the Tournament.
Chilavert grew up in Luque of Gran Asunción, from a poor and humble family, and walked bare-foot until the age of 7. His parents are Catalino Chilavert, who was a state bureaucrat, and Nicolasa González. When he was five, he had 3 siblings and two responsibilities: To order the cows and to sell the milk in the neighborhood of Ñu Guazú, a rural suburb of Luque. One of his siblings, Rolando Chilavert is also a football player.
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Chilavert made his debut as a football player with the team Sportivo Luqueño. He was trained by Modesto Sandoval. In 1989, he played for the Paraguayan national team for the first time.
He later moved to Spain, where he played for Real Zaragoza. In 1988, whilst Chilavert played for Real Zaragoza, he stated that "the fans used to freak out" when he would come out with the ball at his feet and "scream at me to get back in goal. I've never stopped to think about what others are saying. I just rely on my abilities. Later on, I started to practice penalties and free kicks until they gave me the job for real". Chilavert admitted to staying behind after training to practice 80 to 120 free kicks, which in his opinion is how he got better.
 He then returned to Argentina, where he played with Vélez Sársfield, helping them win the Primera División four times, as well as the Copa Libertadores and the Intercontinental Cup, both in 1994. In 1999, he became the first goalkeeper known to score a hat-trick in the history of football, while playing for Vélez against Ferro Carril Oeste, scoring all three goals through penalties. He also scored a free-kick from behind the half-way line against River Plate.
Chilavert was voted World Goalkeeper of the Year by the IFFHS in 1995, 1997, and 1998. He scored in the 1998 World Cup qualification campaign. He participated in the 1998 World Cup, where he became the first goalkeeper ever to take a direct free kick in the World Cup finals (almost scoring), against Bulgaria. With two clean sheets in the first round, he helped take Paraguay to the round of sixteen, where the team lost to France on a golden goal scored by Laurent Blanc. Chilavert had made boasts about being the Cup's best goalkeeper before the tournament,[dead link] and after the tournament, FIFA indeed named Chilavert on the tournament All Star Squad for his performances, alongside French goalkeeper Fabien Barthez.
After a 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification game, he spat on Brazil's Roberto Carlos, an action which caused FIFA to give him a four-match suspension (later reduced to three) which forced him to watch the first game, against South Africa, of the 2002 World Cup from the stands. Chilavert accused Roberto Carlos of racism and obscene gestures during the match. Chilavert later claimed that Roberto Carlos came up to him after the match and said "Indian, we have won 2–0, you are a disaster". He also justified his action by saying he had been provoked by the Brazilians who had called him the weakest link of Paraguay before the match, and also claimed the match was like a war and that Brazil should return land to Paraguay lost in the War of the Triple Alliance in the 19th century.
Before the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Paraguay manager Cesare Maldini had faced criticism in Paraguay but Chilavert defended Maldini respecting him for his experience. He also expressed great confidence in the ability of the Paraguayan team and downplayed his role to the whole team. During the World Cup, Chilavert made an error against Spain on Morientes's 2–1 goal as Paraguay lost 3–1. Chilavert almost redeemed himself later on with a good free kick attempt, but the shot was saved by Casillas. Before the match, Chilavert had vowed to score against Spain if Paraguay got a free kick 'within range'. Before the last match in the group stage, Paraguay had to beat Slovenia and Spain beating South Africa with a combined margin of three goals, for Paraguay to go through to the last 16. The match started badly for Paraguay, with Carlos Paredes sent off in the 21st minute, and continued with Milenko Ačimovič taking the lead for the Slovenians right before half-time. But Paraguay – inspired by substitutes Nelson Cuevas and Jorge Campos – recovered to defeat Slovenia 3–1; scoring three times in the last 25 minutes, and when Spain also defeated South Africa 3–2, that victory meant that Paraguay was through to the next round where they would play Germany. In their second round match against Germany, despite several saves from Chilavert, Paraguay lost 1–0, courtesy of a late Oliver Neuville goal.
Chilavert vowed that if he would have gone to the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany that he would have tried to become the first goal keeper to score a goal.
Retirement and post-career
Chilavert announced his retirement from all football in December 2003, but decided to come out of retirement to return to Vélez. Chilavert had just won the Uruguayan league with Peñarol when he initially retired. He finally retired permanently in 2004, playing his last match, a farewell testimonial, on November 11 of that year – fittingly, he scored a goal.
Personal life and personality
||This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (July 2015)|
He once received a suspended prison sentence for attacking a physiotherapist.
Leadership and morality
Prior to the 1998 FIFA World Cup, when he was asked if he was feeling the pressure, he replied: “Pressure? This is just a football match. When you do not know how to feed your children, that is pressure.”
Chilavert defended Cesare Maldini from the Paraguayan press who were criticizing the Italian coach when he was appointed as Paraguay's coach for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Chilavert stated that "About 90% of sports journalists in Paraguay are incompetent" and welcomed criticism following Paraguay's performance in Korea and Japan if they were to perform poorly.
During his career, Chilavert was being touted as Paraguay's future president. Chilavert was labelled "a revolutionary the kind of which South America has not seen since the days of Che Guevara."
Off the field, Chilavert appeared an ethical and open-eyed citizen of the world with political aspirations. He refused to participate at the 1999 Copa América, held in Paraguay, complaining bitterly about the incompetence of the local directors and despite being officially honored by the latest government, he believed his country should invest money in education rather than football. Chilavert would also routinely dismiss his country’s politicians as corrupt, incompetent and responsible for keeping many Paraguayans in poverty. His solution, not surprisingly, is himself. Chilavert claims that when his playing days are over, he will stand for president and enforce his own brand of law and order.
“Not everyone can be a goalkeeper you know. People think we’re only there to stop goals, but that’s an entirely mistaken and negative view. To my mind you can’t have a good team without a good keeper. Brazil had a fantastic side in 1982 but they also had Valdir Peres in goal. Every time the opposition went forward they scored, which rather proves my point.” Chilavert on the role of the goalkeeper.
“So Navarro Montoya has compared me to a Fiat 600? Well, I might be a 'Fitito' but I’ve got the engine of a Formula 1 car. As for his engine, it’s losing oil. He’s no match for me. We’re not at the same level.” Chilavert on Carlos Fernando Navarro Montoya, Boca Juniors’ legendary keeper during the 1990s.
“They can say whatever they want. They’ve never won anything.” Chilavert on journalists, a pet subject of his during the 90s.
“I’m not that bothered about Bonano’s goal. Anyway, he hit it really badly, like a wet newspaper.” Chilavert on River Plate goalkeeper Roberto Bonano, who converted a penalty against him in the 2000 Copa Mercosur.
“There’s a big difference between being a winner and being mediocre. Winners think only about victory when they take on a challenge. Mediocre people just think about avoiding failure.” Chilavert on what makes special players tick.
“You can’t have friends on the pitch. You can’t allow anyone to take what’s yours. That’s football.” Chilavert on the modern game.
“People don’t understand it and they think you’re just playing rough. Out on the pitch though you have to go in hard to avoid injuring yourself. It might sound bad but if I had to choose, I’d rather my opponent got injured than me.” Chilavert on the physical side of football.
“It’s a shame we can’t fight each other, but he doesn’t make the weight category. Wet through, he only weighs 35 kilos.” Chilavert on Uruguayan striker Sebastian Abreu after the two clashed in 1995.
“Nobody had heard of us when we arrived in France. They couldn’t even place Paraguay on the map. The whole world knew about us after the tournament though.” Chilavert on the legacy of Paraguay’s achievements at the 1998 FIFA World Cup France™.
“Right now good goalkeepers are going the same way as the dinosaurs. They’re an endangered species.” Chilavert on his fellow custodian, speaking earlier this year.
“I never had any superstitions. They’re just excuses for the weak.” Chilavert on lucky charms and routines.
“I never prepare what I’m going to say although I do have a good line for you right now. Football’s full of jealous people but that doesn’t bother me: jealousy is the price you pay for success.” Chilavert on his way with words.
“I don’t know what a Chilavert would be worth at today’s prices, but I'm sure it'd be a lot of money. There aren't many keepers who can go forward and score goals.” Chilavert on his potential market value today.
“I’ve had a lot of fights on the pitch, but what did people expect? With the face I’ve got I have to play the bad guy. It’s a lot easier that way. Being the good guy just isn’t me.” Chilavert, speaking earlier this year, on playing the villain during his career.
|This section may require copy editing. (July 2015)|
|Club performance||League||Cup||Other[nb 1]||Continental[nb 2]||Total|
|Paraguay||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|1982||Sportivo Luqueño||Primera División||30||0||–||–||–||30||0|
|Argentina||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|1985||San Lorenzo||Primera División||10||0||–||–||–||10||0|
|Spain||League||Copa del Rey||Copa de la Liga||Europe||Total|
|1988–89||Real Zaragoza||La Liga||37||0||2||0||–||–||39||0|
|1991–92||Vélez Sarsfield||Primera División||221||0||–||–||–||22||0|
|France||League||Coupe de France||Coupe de la Ligue||Europe||Total|
|Uruguay||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|Argentina||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|2003–04||Vélez Sarsfield||Primera División||0||0||–||–||6||0||6||0|
1Includes four 1993 Copa Libertadores playoff (liguilla) matches.
2Includes one Championship Playoff match.
- Also played 1 (2001) Trophée des champions match.
|Chilavert – goals for Paraguay|
|1.||27 August 1989||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Colombia||2–1||2–1||1990 World Cup qualifier|
|2.||15 August 1993||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Peru||2–0||2–1||1994 World Cup qualifier|
|3.||1 September 1996||Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires, Argentina||Argentina||1–1||1–1||1998 World Cup qualifier|
|4.||17 June 1997||Estadio Félix Capriles, Cochabamba, Bolivia||Argentina||0–1||1–1||1997 Copa América|
|5.||7 October 2000||Estadio El Campín, Bogotá, Colombia||Colombia||0–2||0–2||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|6.||15 November 2000||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Peru||5–1||5–1||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|7.||5 September 2001||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Bolivia||3–1||5–1||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|8.||7 October 2001||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Argentina||1–0||2–2||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|Paraguay national team|
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (July 2015)|
- "They said it: Jose Luis Chilavert". FIFA.com. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert scores hat trick to boost Velez Sarsfield". Sports Illustrated. Time Inc. 1999-11-29. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- "Top 10 Most Eccentric World Cup Goalkeepers". Goal.com. 26 January 2010.
- ""Bulldog" Chilavert growls in French backyard". Indian Express. 27 June 1998. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Flamboyant Chilavert still Paraguay's biggest star". Sports Illustrated. 25 April 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Bulldog breed". When Saturday Comes. March 1997. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "José Luis Chilavert profile" (in Spanish). ESPN. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "José Luis Chilavert". Albirroja. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Chilavert at the treble". The Guardian. 30 November 1999. Retrieved 13 March.
- "José Luis Chilavert: I will try to score in Germany". FIFA. 21 January 2003. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "BULGARIA 0, PARAGUAY 0". CNN Sports Illustrated. 12 June 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.[dead link]
- "France sinks Paraguay with golden goal". CNN Sports Illustrated. 23 September 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.[dead link]
- "Flamboyant Chilavert still Paraguay's biggest star". CNN Sports Illustrated. 25 April 2002.
- "FIFA's All-Star Team". The Washington Post (Associated Press) 10 July 1998.
- "Blatter praises Owen, Chilavert". CNN Sports Illustrated. 11 July 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- Paraguay Player Profiles. CNN Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert accuses Roberto Carlos of racism". The Guardian. 23 August 2001. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert backs Maldini". BBC Sport. 26 April 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert: It's not all about me". BBC Sport. 11 April 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Spain 3-1 Paraguay; Spain reach last 16". BBC Sport. 7 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert vows to score against Spain". BBC Sport. 14 May 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Slovenia 1–3 Paraguay; Paraguay snatch vital win". BBC Sport. 12 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert proud of Paraguay". BBC Sport. 12 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Germany 1-0 Paraguay; Germany edge out Paraguay". BBC Sport. 15 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "José Luis Chilavert: Football misses me". FIFA. 24 November 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert scores in emotional farewell". Eurosport.com (Reuters). 15 November 2004.
- "Chilavert gets suspended jail term". ESPN Soccernet (Reuters). 9 July 2005.
- "José Luis Chilavert". Aurinegro. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Chilavert". National Football Teams. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert career stats". Football Database.eu. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert Argentinian stats". Futbolxxi.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert Spanish stats". BDFutbol.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert French stats" (in French). LFP. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "La hora luqueña con Chilavert" (in Spanish). Diario ABC Color. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "José Luis Félix Chilavert – International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Luis Chilavert.|
- José Luis Chilavert – FIFA competition record
- IFFHS' World's Best Goalkeeper of the Year at RSSSF
- The World's most successful goalscoring Goalkeepers of all time at IFFHS