José María Galán

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José María Galán
Birth nameJosé María Galán Rodriguéz
Born1904
Died1978
AllegianceSecond Spanish Republic Spanish Republic
Service/branchArmy
RankMajor
Commands heldCommander of a militia column (1936), Mixed brigade (1936), 34th division (1937), XXIII Corps (1938).
Battles/warsSpanish Civil War

José María Galán Rodríguez (1904–1978) was a Spanish military officer in the Spanish Civil War. He was the brother of Fermín Galán, leader of the Jaca Uprising, and Francisco Galán. Before the war he was a lieutenant of the Carabineros.[1]

Biography[edit]

José María Galán remained loyal to the Spanish government during the coup of July 1936 that triggered the Civil War. On July 1936, he led a militia column in the Somosierra front.[1] In October 1936 he led the 3rd Mixed Brigade, one of the first of these units to be established. Later he took part in the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.[2] On June 1937 he led the 34th Division in the Segovia Offensive.[3] On 1938, he led the XXIII Army Corps in Andalusia.

After the war he fled to the USSR and later exiled himself to Cuba. He died there on 1978.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.307
  2. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.477
  3. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006).The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.275
  4. ^ Wikipedia Spanish article for José María Galán Rodríguez.