José María Moncada

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Jose Maria Moncada Tapia
Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada in 1910
President of Nicaragua
In office
1 January 1929 – 1 January 1933
Preceded by Adolfo Díaz
Succeeded by Juan Bautista Sacasa
Personal details
Born (1870-12-08)December 8, 1870
Masatepe, Nicaragua
Died February 23, 1945(1945-02-23) (aged 74)
Managua, Nicaragua
Political party Liberal Party
U.S. Marine review by President José María Moncada Tapia and Gen. Anastasio Somoza Garcia, Managua, 1930.

José María Moncada Tapia (8 December 1870 – 23 February 1945) was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1929 to 1 January 1933.

Political career[edit]

Moncada was a member of the Liberal Party. In 1910 José Santos Zelaya from the Liberal Party stepped down from government. In 1925 his continuing opposition to Conservative control of the Nicaraguan government forced him to flee to Costa Rica, where he continued to build support for a return of the Liberals to power.

After President Adolfo Díaz was re-elected in 1926 after a coup by General Emiliano Chamorro (following the withdrawal of the Marines) failed to win U.S. support, Liberal forces rebelled in an attempt to overthrow his government. Moncada was one of the leaders, together with Juan Bautista Sacasa and Augusto César Sandino. The United States provided military support for the Díaz government and the Liberal forces were on the verge of seizing Managua when the U.S. forced the warring parties to accept a power-sharing agreement, the Espino Negro accord. Moncada and Sacasa made peace, but Sandino refused and continued the fight and waged a guerrilla war against the U.S. Marines. But in 1928, after elections supervised by the Marines, Díaz was replaced as president by Moncada.

Moncada's children included the late Óscar Moncada, who served as the President of the National Assembly of Nicaragua from 1999 until 2001.[1]


External links[edit]

Selected works[edit]

  • Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1912). The social world.
  • Moncada, J. M. (1913). Justice!: An appeal to the Executive Power and the Senate of the United States. New York: [s.n.].
  • Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1911). Imperialism and the Monroe doctrine (their influence in Central America).
  • Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1911). Social and political influence of the United States in Central America. New York: s.n
Political offices
Preceded by
Adolfo Díaz
President of Nicaragua
Succeeded by
Juan Bautista Sacasa