José María Moncada
|Jose Maria Moncada Tapia|
José María Moncada in 1910
|President of Nicaragua|
1 January 1929 – 1 January 1933
|Preceded by||Adolfo Díaz|
|Succeeded by||Juan Bautista Sacasa|
December 8, 1870|
|Died||February 23, 1945
|Political party||Liberal Party|
Moncada was a member of the Liberal Party. In 1910 José Santos Zelaya from the Liberal Party stepped down from government. In 1925 his continuing opposition to Conservative control of the Nicaraguan government forced him to flee to Costa Rica, where he continued to build support for a return of the Liberals to power.
After President Adolfo Díaz was re-elected in 1926 after a coup by General Emiliano Chamorro (following the withdrawal of the Marines) failed to win U.S. support, Liberal forces rebelled in an attempt to overthrow his government. Moncada was one of the leaders, together with Juan Bautista Sacasa and Augusto César Sandino. The United States provided military support for the Díaz government and the Liberal forces were on the verge of seizing Managua when the U.S. forced the warring parties to accept a power-sharing agreement, the Espino Negro accord. Moncada and Sacasa made peace, but Sandino refused and continued the fight and waged a guerrilla war against the U.S. Marines. But in 1928, after elections supervised by the Marines, Díaz was replaced as president by Moncada.
- "Fallece expresidente de la Asamblea Nacional nicaragüense Óscar Moncada". EFE. Fox News Latino. 2014-11-09. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- Works by or about José María Moncada at Internet Archive
- Encyclopædia Britannica online – José María Moncada (president of Nicaragua)
- Biografia de José María Moncada (Spanish)
- Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1912). The social world.
- Moncada, J. M. (1913). Justice!: An appeal to the Executive Power and the Senate of the United States. New York: [s.n.].
- Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1911). Imperialism and the Monroe doctrine (their influence in Central America).
- Moncada, J. M., & Gahan, A. C. (1911). Social and political influence of the United States in Central America. New York: s.n
|President of Nicaragua
Juan Bautista Sacasa