José Mentor Guilherme de Mello

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José Mentor Guilherme de Mello (Brejo, Maranhão, September 18, 1880 - São Luís, Maranhão, September 15, 1928) was a colonel of the Brazil´s National Guard, an entrepreneur in the waterway transport business and an exporter. Son of Laureano Guilherme de Mello and Isabel Gomes de Oliveira Mello, with roots in traditional families of Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte, particularly of Mossoró, he worked in the boom of the Amazonia rubber extraction business, and later became a prominent exportation entrepreneur of plant leaves, of carnauba wax and of babassu and cotton seeds, and simultaneously an waterway transport businessman, in the Brazilian states of Piauí and Maranhão.[1][2]

He was respected, not for the money he had, but for his generosity to the poor. With his entrepreneur spirit, he greatly contributed to the development of the economics of the states of Maranhão and Piauí, in the 1910s.[3]

The exporter[edit]

The plant products that were exported by José Mentor were acquired from producers along the Parnaíba River and carried by the steamboats of the Parnaíba Steam Navigation Company (CNVP)[4][5] to the Tutóia Bar (Maranhão), in the Parnaíba River delta,[6] where he had an operations base, in Coroatá Island, of his property. From there, the export was performed by ships of the Lloyd Brasileiro Navigation Company and of the Booth Line[7] that arrived in Tutóia port.

The waterway transport businessman[edit]

In 1914, the Parnaíba Steam Navigation Company, which was headquartered at the pier of the city of Parnaíba[8] (PI), and of which he was co-owner, had the following SteamShips: S.S. Barão de Uruçuí, T.S.S. Christino Cruz (the only one of the fleet to come to Brazil browsing the Atlantic Ocean from England, where it was manufactured), S.S. Igaraçu, S.S. João Castro, S.S. Piauhy, S.S. Teresinense, S.S. Marquês de Paranaguá and S.S. Senador Cruz. During this period, his export activities contributed significantly for the state of Piauí to reach the seventh place in the rank of Brazilian states by amounts exported.[9]

Family[edit]

On September 5, 1903, José Mentor Guilherme de Mello married to Angélica de Lima Couto, daughter of Francisco José da Silva Couto and Joana Angélica de Araújo Lima Couto, changing her name to Angélica de Lima Couto Mello. The couple had eleven children: Irene Couto de Mello,[10] Onesy Couto de Mello, Aldy Mentor Couto de Mello,[11] José Laureno Mentor Couto de Mello,[12][13][14][15] Antonio Mentor Couto de Mello, David Mentor Couto de Mello, Seth Emanuel Couto de Mello, Assis Mentor Couto de Mello, Angélica Couto de Mello, Benedito Hugo Couto de Mello and Maria Isabel Couto de Mello, who migrated to different regions of Brazil and staged, each in their own ways, remarkable stories.

References[edit]

  1. ^ José Mentor Street, in Parnaíba (PI) (a tribute to the memory of José Mentor Guilherme de Mello). Google Maps image of the city of Parnaíba.
  2. ^ Article "A família de meu pai" ("The family of my father", with a quotation to "José Mentor", "... which first explored the babassu... from the family trunk Guilherme de Mello ..."). Published in the column "A palavra de Dorian" on the online newspaper "O Mossoroense", June 1st, 2008 (in Portuguese). (page visited on July 07, 2010)]
  3. ^ Dias, C. C. "Rio Parnaíba. Navegabilidade." ("Parnaíba River. Navigability.") Agência Nacional de Transportes Aquaviários - ANTAQ (Brazilian National Waterway Transport Agency), 2009 (in Portuguese). (page visited on July 07, 2010)
  4. ^ Marques, R.N. "Subsídios sobre a navegação em Parnaíba". ("Subsidies about the navigation in Parnaíba.") Posted on "Portal Delta", July 11, 2008 (in Portuguese). (Page visited on June 07, 2010)
  5. ^ Marques, R.N. "Subsídios sobre a navegação em Parnaíba II - Parte final". ("Subsidies about the navigation in Parnaíba II - Final part".) Posted on "Portal Delta", July 30, 2008 (in Portuguese). (Page visited on September 07, 2010)
  6. ^ Image of the delta of Rio Parnaíba. Google Maps. (Accessed on January 09, 2010)
  7. ^ Booth Line. Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine. Published on The Ships List. (Visited on June 07, 2010)
  8. ^ Pier of Parnaíba (PI) in the stretch where is the building of the former headquarters of Parnaíba Steam Navigation Company (CNVP). Satellite image from Google Maps. (Page visited on July 07, 2010)
  9. ^ Dias, C. C. "Rio Parnaíba. Navegabilidade." ("Parnaíba River. Navigability."). Agência Nacional de Transportes Aquaviários - ANTAQ (Brazilian National Waterway Transportation Agency), 2009 (in Portuguese). (Page visited on July 07, 2010)
  10. ^ Irene Couto de Mello is the mother of singer and songwriter João Só. (in Portuguese)
  11. ^ Article "O Instituto Aldy Mentor homenageia seu patrono" ("The Aldy Mentor Institute celebrates its patron"). Published on the website of the Institute Aldy Mentor. (in Portuguese) (Accessed July 27, 2010)
  12. ^ Britto, Zuzu. "Comandante Maranhão, predecessor dos combustíveis renováveis" ("Captain Maranhão, predecessor of the renewable fuels"). Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.is Article about "José Laureno Mentor Couto de Mello", who was an aircraft pilot and captain, known in brazilian civil aviation as "Captain Maranhão". Portal "Carlos Alberto Lima Coelho". (in Portuguese) (Accessed on July 27, 2010)
  13. ^ Britto, Zuzu. "Comandante Maranhão, predecessor dos combustíveis renováveis" ("Captain Maranhão, predecessor of the renewable fuels"). Article about "José Laureno Mentor Couto de Mello", who was an aircraft pilot and captain, known in brazilian civil aviation as "Captain Maranhão". Replication in the Portal Archive.is of the original publication on the Portal of "Carlos Alberto de Lima Coelho". (in Portuguese) (Accessed on November 10, 2013)
  14. ^ "José Laureno Couto Melo" (search using CTRL + F) obtains his licence of merchant aircraft pilot. Order of process no. 6.957-46 approved by Ordinance DAC/Maer No. 172 of May 6, 1946. Published in Section 1 of "Diário Oficial da União - D.O.U." (the brazilian Official Gazette) of May 9, 1946. Page of D.O.U. retrieved and reproduced by the portal "Jus Brasil Diário". (in Portuguese) (Accessed on November 12, 2010)
  15. ^ "José Laureno Couto Melo" (search using CTRL + F) requires, for several aircraft, the authorization to operate air taxi service. Published in Section 1 of "Diário Oficial da União - D.O.U." (the brazilian Official Gazette) of November 16, 1960. Page of D.O.U. retrieved and reproduced by the portal "Jus Brazil Diário". (in Portuguese) (Accessed on November 12, 2010)]