José Mojica Marins
José Mojica Marins
|Other names||Zé do Caixão|
José Mojica Marins (born March 13, 1936) is a Brazilian filmmaker, actor, composer, screenwriter, and television and media personality. Marins is also known for creating and playing the character Coffin Joe (loosely translated from Zé do Caixão) in a series of horror movies; the character has since gone on to become his alter ego as well as a pop culture icon in Brazil. Although Marins is known primarily as a horror film director, his earlier works were Westerns, dramas and adventure films.
Marins was born in São Paulo, Brazil at a farm in the Vila Mariana, to Antônio and Carmem Marins. His interest in filmmaking began at an early age. When Marins was three, his father ran a local cinema, and the family lived in a flat above the theater.
Zé do Caixão: The Coffin Joe character
Marins is best known for creating and playing Coffin Joe, Brazil's first horror icon. An amoral undertaker with Nietzschian philosophies and a hatred for organized religion, the character appeared as the primary character in a trilogy (known as "The Coffin Joe Trilogy") revolving around his homicidal quest to find "the perfect woman" so he can achieve "the continuation of blood" (i.e. having a son, which he sees as the only true means of immortality). Following the success of the first film in the series, the character went on to become a pop culture icon, appearing in a supporting role in a number of films as well as in a variety of other mediums ranging from music videos to television shows.
Although most known for films in the horror genre, Marins also created exploitation, drugsploitation, sexploitation (often in the form of pseudo-documentaries), and Westerns. Marins is noted for his low-budget film style, often using friends and amateur actors as cast and crew. His films are usually set in São Paulo, Brazil.
Marins became interested in cinema at a young age. He recounts that the 8mm O Juízo Final (Judgement Day, 1948) was the first film which he made at the age of twelve. He followed with Encruzilhada da Perdição (Crossroads to Perdition, 1952). Mojica was one of several directors of the movie The Profane Exhibit, released in 2013, working on Segment Viral, with a score composed by Chris Vrenna. 2014 filmed along Rodrigo Aragão, Petter Baiestorf and Joel Caetano with the splatter anthology film The Black Fables.
Marins currently hosts a monthly interview program O Estranho Mundo de José Mojica Marins (The Strange World of José Mojica Marins) on the Brazilian television station Canal Brasil, in which he discusses Brazilian media and culture with other contemporary figures, such as actors and musicians. His guests have included Zé Ramalho, Rogério Skylab, and Supla.
From 1967 to 1988, Marins hosted the program Além, Muito Além do Além (Beyond, Much Beyond the Beyond) Fridays on TV Bandeirantes, in character as Coffin Joe, presenting short horror tales written by author and screenwriter Rubens Luchetti. Some scripts were later adapted as Coffin Joe comic books. The show's tapes were reused and currently there are no known intact recordings of this program.
Marins directed and hosted The Show from the Other World (Um Show do Outro Mundo) on Rede Record de Televisão, again appearing as Coffin Joe. The half-hour program featured short horror films, with many of the stories sent in by the viewers themselves and adapted by members of Marins' production team. As with his earlier show, the original tapes were reused and there is no known record of this material.
The Universe of Mojica Marins (1978) (O Universo de Jose Mojica Marins) is a 26-minute documentary film by Ivan Cardoso. Marins portrays himself in the film, which also features interviews with Marins' mother Carmem Marins, film editor Nilcemar Leyart, and Satã (Marins' assistant and bodyguard).
A 2001 documentary film, Damned - The Strange World of José Mojica Marins (Maldito - O Estranho Mundo de José Mojica Marins), by biographers André Barcinski and Ivan Finotti examines Marins' life and works. It won the Special Jury Prize at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival.
In 1987 Marins released the semi-autobiographical documentary film Demons and Wonders (Demônios e Maravilhas), in which he appears as himself re-enacting moments from his life, both good and bad. Marins' family and associates play themselves, including his mother Carmem Marins, former wife and film editor Nilcemar Leyart, and Satã, Marins' long-time assistant and bodyguard.
- At Midnight I'll Take Your Soul (1964)
- This Night I'll Possess Your Corpse (1967)
- The Strange World of Coffin Joe (1968)
- Awakening of the Beast (1970)
- The End of Man (1970)
- The Bloody Exorcism of Coffin Joe (1974)
- The Strange Hostel of Naked Pleasures (1976)
- Hellish Flesh (1977)
- Hallucinations of a Deranged Mind (1978)
- Perversion (1979)
- Embodiment of Evil (2008) (Encarnação do Demônio)
- "José Mojica Marins". IMDb. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
- Dennison, Stephanie; Shaw, Lisa (2004). "Mojica Marins: Coffin Joe and Brazilian Horror". Popular Cinema in Brazil, 1930-2001. Manchester University Press. pp. 140–141. ISBN 9780719064999. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- Rist, Peter; Donato Totaro (June 30, 2005). "Jose Mojica Marins: Up-Close and Personal (interview)". Offscreen.com. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- Dennison, Stephanie; Shaw, L (2004). Mojica Marins: Coffin Joe and Brazilian Horror. Popular cinema in Brazil, 1930-2001. Manchester University Press. pp. 140–144. ISBN 9780719064999. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Filmografia/Cinema Brasileiro" (in Portuguese). Portal de Cinema de Brasileiro. 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Coffin Joe and "TIMECRIMES" director now part of "THE PROFANE EXHIBIT" Archived 2012-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Coffin Joe On Hand to Tell One of The Black Fables (As Fabulas Negras)
- "Official site for Canal Brasil television" (in Portuguese). Canal Brasil. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "Official site/O Estranho Mundo do Zé do Caixão" (in Portuguese). UOL.com. 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Official site" (in Portuguese). UOL.com. 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Official site/Um Show do Outro Mundo" (in Portuguese). UOL.com. 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "At Midnight" (in Portuguese). Journal da Tarde. 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Official site/Cine Trash" (in Portuguese). UOL.com. 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Official site/O Universo de Jose Mojica Marins" (in Portuguese). UOL.com. 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Awards for Maldito - O Estranho Mundo de José Mojica Marins". IMDb. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
- "O Universo de Jose Mojica Marins". IMDb. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- "Demônios e Maravilhas". IMDb. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- "Demônios e Maravilhas". UOL.com. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- Official José Mojica Marins website (in Portuguese)
- José Mojica Marins on IMDb
- "Brazilian Horror: Zé do Caixão in the multimedia work of José Mojica Marins"(in English)
- José Mojica Marins: 50 Year Retrospective on Portal Heco de Cinema (in Portuguese)
- In-depth interview on offscreen.com
- Interview with Filmmaker Magazine.com
- Official Embodiment of Evil film site (in English and Portuguese)