José Relvas

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José Relvas
José Relvas.jpg
Minister for Finance
In office
October 12, 1910 – September 3, 1911
Prime Minister Teófilo Braga
(as President of the Provisional Government)
Preceded by Basílio Teles (did not take office)
Anselmo de Andrade (effective)
Succeeded by Duarte Leite
70th Prime Minister of Portugal
(16th of the Republic)
In office
January 27, 1919 – March 30, 1919
President João do Canto e Castro
Preceded by João Tamagini Barbosa
Succeeded by Domingos Pereira
Minister for Interior
In office
January 27, 1919 – March 30, 1919
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by João Tamagnini Barbosa
Succeeded by Domingos Pereira
Personal details
Born (1858-03-05)March 5, 1858
Golegã, Kingdom of Portugal
Died October 31, 1929(1929-10-31) (aged 71)
Alpiarça, Portuguese Republic
Political party Portuguese Republican Party
(later Democratic Party)
Spouse(s) Eugénia de Loureiro Queirós Couto Leitão
Children Carlos, João, Maria Luísa
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Occupation Land owner
and farmer

José Maria de Mascarenhas Relvas de Campos (Golegã, Golegã, March 5, 1858 – Alpiarça, Casa dos Patudos, October 31, 1929; Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ˈʁɛɫvɐʃ], was a Portuguese politician and 70th Prime Minister of Portugal.

Political career[edit]

An historic republican, it was he who proclaimed the republic from the balcony of the Municipal Chamber of Lisbon, on 5 October 1910. He was the second Minister of Finance during the provisional government led by Teófilo Braga, from 12 October 1910 to 3 September 1911.

After that, he served as ambassador of Portugal in Madrid, from 1911 to 1914. He was President of the Ministry (103rd Prime Minister), from 27 January to 30 March 1919, in one of the many short-lived governments of the Portuguese First Republic. His house in Alpiarça is now a museum, the Casa dos Patudos, where his art collection is exhibited.


He was the son of Carlos Augusto Mascarenhas Relvas de Campos (Golegã, Golegã, c. 1835 – Golegã, Golegã, 23 January 1884), fidalgo of the Royal Household, and his wife, Margarida Amélia Mendes de Azevedo e Vasconcelos (1838–1888), daughter of the 1st Viscount and 1st Count of Podentes, grand-niece of the 1st Viscount of Tavira, great-granddaughter of the 1st Baroness of Silva, and the representative of these titles.

Ironically, despite the fact that he, too, was also the representative of the titles and potentially one of the most titled men of the liberal monarchy, he was always a republican.

He was married to Eugénia de Loureiro de Queirós do Couto Leitão, daughter of Luís de Loureiro de Queirós Cardoso do Couto Leitão (born 19 April 1844), 1st Viscount de Loureiro, and son of the 1st Barons de Prime, and his wife (married 13 September 1862), Antónia da Silva Mendes (23 September 1845 – 12 October 1872), and they had three children: Carlos, João, and Maria Luísa.


Political offices
Preceded by
João Tamagnini Barbosa
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

Succeeded by
Domingos Leite Pereira