José Tomás

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José Tomás circa 1955

José Tomás Pérez Sellés (Alicante, 26 August 1934 – 7 August 2001) was a Spanish classical guitarist and teacher. Considered a major influence on the evolution of classical guitar technique in the second half of the 20th century, he trained many guitarists from all over the world.[1]

Biography[edit]

José Tomás began his musical studies with Óscar Esplá. He would later transcribe Esplá's piano suite, Levante, for the guitar as well as re-discover and transcribe Esplá's previously unknown work, Tempo di Sonata. The sonata, originally composed for the harp, was given its first performance in 1978 by Tomás himself.[2] Tomás was initially a self-taught guitarist, but then continued his studies with Regino Sainz de la Maza, Emilio Pujol,[1] and Alirio Diaz. On Diaz's recommendation, he went to study with Andrés Segovia in Siena.[3] After Siena he continued his training with Segovia in 1958 and 1959 at Música en Compostela, and served as Segovia's assistant there.[1]

In 1961 he won first prize at the Concurso Internacional de Guitarra in Ourense founded by Segovia,[4] after which he primarily dedicated himself to teaching in his native city, where he was Professor of Guitar at the Conservatorio Superior de Música "Óscar Esplá", a post which he held for two decades. From 1964 until the mid-1970s, he also took over from Segovia as director of Música en Compostela.

As a concert performer, Tomás was known for his enviable sound and interpretative skill. He was also known for his transcriptions, especially those of scores from the Renaissance and Baroque eras.[5] This in turn led him to adopt an eight string guitar, developed for him by José Ramírez III. The two extra strings allowed him to play music originally composed for the vihuela and lute on a modern guitar without sacrificing any notes.[6] However, his primary contribution was to guitar pedagogy. "Pragmatic and erudite, but at the same time humble", he received a constant stream of guitarists who visited his home in Alicante seeking his advice.[5] Amongst the classical guitarists who studied with Tomás are David Russell, Manuel González,[7] Raphaella Smits, Thomas Müller-Pering, Ahmet Kanneci, Cornel Imry, Edson Lopes, Yoshimi Otani,[8] Ignacio Rodes, Rafael Serrallet, Carles Trepat, Mario Caserta and Edoardo Catemario.

The Conservatorio Profesional de Música "Guitarrista José Tomás" in Alicante is named in his honour,[5] as is an international classical guitar competition, the Concurso Internacional de Guitarra Clásica "José Tomás - Villa de Petrer".[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Iborra, Mario Alcaraz and Soto, Roberto Díaz, La guitarra: Historia, organología y repertorio, Editorial Club Universitario, 2009, p. 170. ISBN 84-8454-903-8 (in Spanish)
  2. ^ de Kloe, Jan, Oscar Esplá in Belgium (1936-1949), Editions Orphée, 2001. ISBN 1-882612-21-3
  3. ^ Burchi, Guido Andrés Segovia a Siena, Accademia Musicale Chigiana, 1994, p. 44 (in Italian)
  4. ^ Revuelta, Vidal Benito (translated by Robert Kotas), The Guitar in Spain - Part 5, Guitarra Magazine
  5. ^ a b c Conservatori Professional de Música d'Alacant "Guitarrista José Tomás", Biography of José Tomás (in Spanish, accessed 26 April 2010)
  6. ^ Fleming, Louis B., "Guitars", The Spokesman-Review (syndicated from the Los Angeles Times), 10 January 1979, p. 5
  7. ^ According to the artists webpage (in Spanish, accessed 08 April 2015)
  8. ^ Yoshimi Otani's concert in Alicante
  9. ^ PIMA Asociación de Guitarra Clásica. XII Concurso Internacional de Guitarra Clásica "José Tomás - Villa de Petrer". Retrieved 11 November 2013 (Spanish)