Antolinez was born and died in Madrid. He received his early training at the studio of Francisco Rizi.
His '"haughty character and sarcastic personality gained him many enemies among his contemporaries". Some note he played maddening jokes on his colleagues Claudio Coello and Cabezalero as well as Itizi, whom he called painter of wall ornaments, in allusion to the latter's decoration of the hall of comedies in the Palace of Buen Retiro; but also impelled likely by his jealousy at lacking the same skill. Antolinez also painted religious paintings.
Angulo Iñíguez, Diego, José Antolínez. Madrid: Instituto Diego Velázquez del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1957, p. 8.
Buendía, José Rogelio, José Antolínez, pintor de mitologías (José Antolínez: Painter of Myths), Boletín del Museo e Instituto Camón Aznar, no. 1 (1980), p. 45-57.
Gutiérrez Pastor, Ismael, Novedades de pintura madrileña del siglo XVII: obras de José Antolínez y de Francisco Solís, Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte (UAM), vol. XII (2000), p. 75-92.
Palomino, Antonio (1988). El museo pictórico y escala óptica III. El parnaso español pintoresco laureado. Madrid, Aguilar S.A., p. 338 ISBN 84-03-88005-7.