José de Córdoba y Ramos
Born to a family of sailors, Córdoba took to the seas at the age of 13. He sailed all over the world and fought in several battles against the English, Algerians and French. Later in his career he sailed several times to the Philippines, where he oversaw repairs to the Manila Galleon. He also paid great attention to the health of his sailors by preventing scurvy.
On September 21, 1789, he became Teniente general (lieutenant general).
At the outbreak of the war with Britain in 1796, he was put in command of the Spanish fleet. In this position he suffered a serious defeat at the Battle of Cape St Vincent on board the Santísima Trinidad.
After St Vincent, Córdoba was dismissed from the Spanish navy and forbidden from appearing at court.
- Luis Fernández de Córdova, general in the Carlist Wars, diplomat and Marquis of Mendigorría
- Fernando Fernández de Córdova, fought in the Carlist Wars, politician, and Prime minister of Spain for one day.
- (Spanish) Pedro Sánchez Núñez, Venturas y desventuras de un marino utrerano: José de Córdova y Ramos, 2002, 348 pages
- (Spanish) Francisco de Paula Pavía y Pavía, Galería biográfica de los generales de marina, jefes y personajes notables que figuraron en la misma corporación desde 1700 a 1868, Volume 1, Impr. J. Lopez, 1873, p. 343 and following.
- (Spanish) Google Books Catalogo descriptivo de los objetos que contiene El Museo Naval, Impr. de L. Beltran, Madrid, 1862, p. 20
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José de Córdova y Ramos.|
- (Spanish) José de Córdova y Ramos: Circunvaló el globo terráqueo, article in ABC Journal, Seville edition by Ignacio Fernández Vial.
- Kurzbiographie Vizeadmiral Jose de Cordoba y Ramos de Garay