|Outfielder / Designated hitter|
July 2, 1964 |
|September 2, 1985, for the Oakland Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 6, 2001, for the Chicago White Sox|
|Runs batted in||1,407|
|Career highlights and awards|
José Canseco Capas Jr. (born July 2, 1964), is a Cuban-American former Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder, and designated hitter. Canseco has admitted using performance-enhancing drugs during his playing career, and in 2005 wrote a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, in which he claimed that the vast majority of MLB players use steroids. After retiring from Major League Baseball, he also competed in boxing and mixed martial arts.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Baseball career (1982–2001)
- 2.1 Minor league baseball (1982–1985)
- 2.2 Major League Baseball (1985–2001)
- 2.3 Final Seasons (1999–2001)
- 2.4 Independent League career (2006–present)
- 2.5 Amateur Adult Baseball (2011 & 2016)
- 3 Performance-Enhancing Drugs
- 4 Outside baseball
- 5 Legal issues and Controversies
- 6 Mixed martial arts record
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Canseco was born in Havana, Cuba, the son of Jose Sr. and Barbara Canseco. He has a twin brother, Ozzie. When Fidel Castro came into power in 1959, Jose Sr., a territory manager for the oil and gasoline corporation Esso as well as a part-time English teacher, lost his job and eventually his home. The family was allowed to leave Cuba in 1965, when the twins were barely 1 year old, and settled in the Miami area, where Jose Sr. became a territory manager for another oil and gasoline concern, Amoco, and a part-time security guard. The younger Jose Canseco played baseball at Miami Coral Park High School, where he failed to make the varsity team until his senior year. He was named Most Valuable Player of the junior varsity team in his junior year, and of the varsity team the following year. He graduated in 1982 and was drafted by the Oakland Athletics.
Baseball career (1982–2001)
Minor league baseball (1982–1985)
The Oakland Athletics drafted Canseco in the 15th round of the 1982 Major League Baseball draft. He played minor league baseball with the Medford A's, Madison Muskies, Idaho Falls A's, and the Modesto A's. Canseco started the 1985 season with the Class-AA Huntsville Stars and became known as "Parkway Jose" for his long home runs (25 in half a season) that went close to the Memorial Parkway behind Joe Davis Stadium.
Major League Baseball (1985–2001)
Oakland Athletics (1985–92)
In 1985, Canseco won the Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award, and was a late season call-up for the Oakland Athletics. He made his Major League debut on September 2 and struck out in his one at-bat against the Baltimore Orioles. His first hit was off Ron Guidry of the New York Yankees on September 7. and his first home run was off Jeff Russell of the Texas Rangers on September 9. He played in 29 games in the major leagues in 1985. He established himself in 1986, his first full season, being named the American League's Rookie of the Year (the first by an Athletic since Harry Byrd in 1952 with what were then the Philadelphia Athletics), with 33 home runs and 117 RBIs. In 1987, Mark McGwire joined Canseco on the Athletics; McGwire hit 49 home runs that year and was also named the American League Rookie of the Year. Together, he and Canseco formed a fearsome offensive tandem, known as the "Bash Brothers".
In April 1988, Canseco guaranteed he would hit at least 40 home runs and steal at least 40 bases in the upcoming season. He went on to record 42 home runs and 40 steals becoming the first player in MLB history to hit the 40-40 mark in a single season (a fact unknown to him at that time). In recognition of his record the street in front of his former high school was named after him but was later rescinded in 2008 after he admitted to previously using drugs throughout his career. That same year, he helped the Athletics sweep the Boston Red Sox in 4 games in the ALCS, for the series Canseco had a .313 batting average with 3 home runs in 4 games. The A's then met the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series, a matchup that would feature the best hitter in the AL facing the best pitcher and eventual NL Cy Young Award winner in Orel Hershiser, the Dodgers would prevail, upsetting the A's in five games. Canseco hit a grand slam in Game 1 in his first official World Series at bat, but it would be his only hit in the Series. He was unanimously named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1988, with a .307 batting average, 120 runs scored, 124 RBIs, 42 home runs, and 40 stolen bases.
In 1989, Canseco missed 97 games of the regular season, most of them because of a broken wrist, despite not playing a single game in the first half he was voted as a starting outfielder for the American League All Star team and still managed to hit 17 home runs with 57 RBIs in barely 65 games played (a rate equivalent to 40+ home runs and 130+ RBIs had he played a full season) as the Athletics won the AL West and their first World Series since 1974, beating the San Francisco Giants in four games. Canseco had a solid postseason hitting for a .323 batting average and 2 home runs including one in the ALCS against the Blue Jays that reached the upper deck of the Sky Dome. Against the Giants in the World Series he hit for a .357 average with a home run in game 3. The 1989 Series was interrupted before Game 3 by a major earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Canseco came back to form in 1990, and was selected to the all star game with the most votes in the Junior Circuit. During the regular season he hit 37 home runs despite being hampered in the later part of the year by what would become a recurring back problem. During this season he was given a then-record 5-year/23.5 million dollar contract making him the highest paid player in MLB history at the time. The A's returned to the World Series once again, but were swept by the Cincinnati Reds in four games. Canseco continued to be productive the following year, by the All Star break of the '91 season he had 21 home runs and 63 RBIs but inexplicably did not received All Star Game considerations by either the fans or as a back up, as his own A's skipper Tony LaRussa, managing the AL for the 3rd stright year, went instead with Athletics outfielder Dave Henderson, who had lesser offensive numbers than Jose, leading many to believe that the relationship between Canseco and LaRussa had started to deteriorate. He finished the 1991 season with 44 home runs and captured the second home run crown of his career (tied with Detroit's Cecil Fielder) while finishing 4th in the MVP ballot, the Athletics however missed the playoffs for the first time in three years, finishing 4th in the AL West. The Athletics returned to contention in 1992 and with 18 home runs by the All Star break, Canseco was voted to start his 4th Mid Summer Classic in 5 years but he was un able to play due to injury.
From 1986 to 1992 with the A's and despite missing roughly 120 games between 1989 and 1990 and about 20 more during the first half of the 1992 season, Canseco averaged 32 home runs a year, had 100+ RBIs 5 times, captured AL Rookie of the Year honors, 2 home run titles, an MVP award, 3 Silver Slugger Awards, 3 American League Pennants, a World Series ring, hit 8 home runs in post season play and was selected to 5 All Star Games in his first 7 full Major League seasons.
Texas Rangers (1992–94)
On August 31, 1992, in the middle of a game and while he was in the on-deck circle, the A's traded Canseco to the Texas Rangers for Rubén Sierra, Jeff Russell, and Bobby Witt. At the moment of the trade the A's were leading the American League West Division by 6 1/2 games, and the front office was looking to fortify thieir pitching down the stretch. A's general manager Sandy Alderson announced the trade while the Athletics were still playing the Orioles that night. The trade send shockwaves throughout Major League Baseball, Canseco was considered at the time the best player and baseball's most scrutinized celebrity. From 1986 until the time of the trade no other player had hit more home runs (226) in the majors. In Texas Canseco joined Latino stars Rafael Palmeiro, Juan González and Ivan Rodriguez.
On May 26, 1993, during a game against the Cleveland Indians, Carlos Martínez hit a fly ball that Canseco lost sight of as he was crossing the warning track. The ball hit him in the head and bounced over the wall for a home run. The cap Canseco was wearing on that play, which This Week in Baseball rated in 1998 as the greatest blooper of the show's first 21 years, is in the Seth Swirsky collection. After the incident, the Harrisburg Heat offered him a soccer contract. Three days later, Canseco asked his manager, Kevin Kennedy, to let him pitch the eighth inning of a runaway loss to the Boston Red Sox; he injured his arm, underwent Tommy John surgery, and was lost for the remainder of the season. In his pitching appearance, Canseco allowed three earned runs on two hits and three walks, throwing 33 pitches, but only 12 for strikes. He finished the '93 season hitting .256 with 10 home runs and 46 RBIs in 60 games.
In the 1994 strike shortened season, Canseco again returned to his former status of power hitter with 31 home runs and 90 RBIs in 111 games. Canseco also stole 15 bases and posted a .282 batting average. He was named The Sporting News Comeback Player of the Year in 1994, and finished in eleventh place in the American League Most Valuable Player voting.
Boston Red Sox (1995–1996)
After playing with the Rangers from 1992 to 1994, Canseco moved on to play with the Boston Red Sox in 1995 along with (former MVP) Roger Clemens and (eventual '95 MVP) Mo Vaughn. The Red Sox captured the AL East Division title to advance to the ALDS making it Canseco's first post season in 5 years, for the regular season he hit 24 home runs with a .306 batting average, his highest since '88. His last home run of the '95 season against Jesse Orosco was Canseco's 300th for his career. In 1996 Canseco had a great first half hitting 26 home runs by the all star break but he was sidelined during August and part of September due to a back injury. He finished the season with 28 homers in 96 games.
Return to Oakland (1997)
In January 1997, he was traded to the Oakland Athletics, reuniting him with Bash Brother Mark McGwire. Although his return to the Athletics was part of the franshise's efforts to boost ticket sales, Canseco's season was discret. Health-wise, he had a promising start to the season, playing in 83 games in the first half with 18 home runs by the All-Star break but he suffered a back injury yet again. In his book Juiced Canseco mentioned that upon his return from injury during the '97 season he was inform by manager Art Howe that the front office instructed not to play Jose to prevent him from getting the minimum plate appereances to trigger the renewal of his contract for the following year. His 23 home runs of the season gave him a total of 254 in an A's uniform, good for 4th in franchise history. McGwire, who was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals that same season, is the all-time leader for the Athletics with 363.
Toronto Blue Jays (1998)
After signing a one-year/2 million dollar contract, Canseco had a productive season again with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1998 playing alongside former Red Sox teammate Roger Clemens. For the first time in his career he wore a number other than his traditional #33, switching to #44 for the first part of the season (long-time Blue Jay and World Series hero Ed Sprague wore #33 for the Jays until he was traded later in the '98 season). He finished the season playing 151 games, his highest in 7 years. Splitting duties as DH and in the outfield, he hit a career-high 46 home runs, 3rd best in the AL, and stole 29 bases, the most he had stolen since the 40 he stole in 1988. He also led the league in strikeouts with 159. He won the AL Silver Slugger award (4th of his career) but his comeback was missed by most fans because of the home run race in the National League between Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa.
Final Seasons (1999–2001)
Despite maintaining regularity with the Blue Jays and hitting a career-high 46 Home Runs in 1998, Canseco drew minimal attention in the free agent market. In 1999 he went to the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, signing a 3-year deal to finish his career in his hometown state, the contract included a clause stating that if Canseco were to be elected to the Hall of Fame he would be depicted as a member of the Devil Rays. That year he took the American League by storm, hitting 10 home runs in April, and a total of 31 by the All-Star break (including number 400 for his career against Toronto's Kelvim Escobar). On pace for 60+ homers for the season, he was voted to the AL All-Star team as the DH, making his first All Star selection in 7 years. However, he injured his back days before the mid-summer classic and missed the game, as well as the Home Run Derby in Fenway Park where he planned to participate along with former Bash Brother Mark McGwire. He would come back for the final part of the year, finishing with 34 home runs for the 1999 season. He began the 2000 season with the Devil Rays, hitting only 9 home runs in 61 games, and, by August, was claimed off waivers by the New York Yankees, which caught many, including Yankees manager Joe Torre off guard, as the Yankees had four other players who fulfilled a similar role to Canseco. Yankees General Manager Brian Cashman made the claim to prevent the Athletics, Red Sox and Blue Jays, who were in a close race with the Yankees, from acquiring Canseco. In a lesser roll, splitting duties as Outfielder, DH and Pinch Hitter, Canseco played in 37 games hitting .243 with 6 Home Runs. He struck out in his only plate appearance in the 2000 World Series against the New York Mets but earned his second World Series ring when they defeated the Mets in five games. Despite this achievement Canseco later called his Yankees tenure "the worst time of [his] life" due to receiving limited playing time. His short stint with the Yankees represented the third time he was Roger Clemens' teammate, a fact later magnified by the media due to the steroid controversy, the Mitchell Report and the infamous pool party at Canseco's house two years prior while both played with the Blue Jays.
Canseco played with the Chicago White Sox in 2001, his 6th club in as many years, after being cut by the Anaheim Angels in spring training and spending half of the season with the Newark Bears of the independent Atlantic League. As the White Sox DH he finished the season with 16 home runs and 49 RBI in 76 games, including the last multi-home run game of his career against the Kansas City Royals on August 1. His 462nd and last career home run came against Mike Mussina of the New York Yankees. In 2002, Canseco was signed by the (Major League Baseball-ran) Montreal Expos, he was expected to be their left fielder and DH during inter-league play, in what would have been Canseco' first time playing for a National League team, however, he was released prior to the regular season. Canseco officially retired from Major League Baseball in May 2002 after spending some time playing for the White Sox Triple-A affiliate Charlotte Knights. He made a brief comeback attempt in 2004, but was not offered a spot with the Los Angeles Dodgers after a spring fling.
Awards and Highlights
As of 2017 his 462 career home runs rank him 35th on the MLB all-time list (Tied with Adam Dunn). Canseco was at one time the all-time leader in home runs among Latino players; he was later surpassed by Manny Ramirez, Albert Pujols, David Ortiz, Carlos Delgado, Rafael Palmeiro, Alex Rodriguez, and Sammy Sosa. He was the first player to hit 30 home runs for 4 different clubs; Oakland 33 in '86, Texas 31 in '94, Toronto 46 in '98 and Tampa Bay 34 in '99 (this feat was later surpassed by Fred McGriff and Gary Sheffield who did it for 5 different teams). Canseco was distinguished four times with the Silver Slugger award: three times as an AL outfielder in 1988, 1990, and 1991, and once as a Designated Hitter in 1998. He ranks 4th all time in A's history with 254 home runs and he's one of 11 players in MLB history with 400 home runs and 200 stolen bases. Despite his many injuries during the later part of his career Canseco averaged 40 home runs and 121 RBIs per every 162 games.
Independent League career (2006–present)
On June 29, 2006, the independent Golden Baseball League announced Canseco had agreed to a one-year contract to play with the San Diego Surf Dawgs. The League said Canseco had agreed to be subjected to its drug-testing policy "that immediately expels any players found using steroids or illegal drugs." After playing one game for the Surf Dawgs, Canseco was traded to the Long Beach Armada on July 5, 2006. He requested the trade due to "family obligations." On July 31, 2006, Canseco won the Golden Baseball League's Home Run Derby.
On April 20, 2012, the Worcester Tornadoes, of the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball, announced that they had signed Canseco to a one-season contract for a salary of one thousand dollars a month. In the beginning of August 2012, Canseco left the Tornadoes due to concerns of not receiving his salary, a conflict which led him to sue the team. Canseco quickly signed with the Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings of the North American League. However, his debut was delayed due to a family emergency.
Amateur Adult Baseball (2011 & 2016)
In March 2011, Canseco played a few games with the Valley Rays in the Pacific Coast Baseball League in Los Angeles.
In May 2016, Canseco made an appearance for the SoCal Glory in the 35+ MSBL Las Vegas Open – National Tournament.
In 2005, Canseco admitted to using anabolic steroids with Jorge Delgado, Damaso Moreno and Manuel Collado in a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big. Canseco also claimed that up to 85% of major league players took steroids, a figure disputed by many in the game. In the book, Canseco specifically identified former teammates Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Jason Giambi, Iván Rodríguez and Juan González as fellow steroid users, and admitted that he injected them. Most of the players named in the book initially denied steroid use, though Giambi admitted to steroid use in testimony before a grand jury investigating the BALCO case and on January 11, 2010, McGwire admitted publicly to using steroids.
At a Congressional hearing on the subject of steroids in sports, Palmeiro categorically denied using performance-enhancing drugs, while McGwire repeatedly and somewhat conspicuously refused to answer questions on his own suspected use, saying he "didn't want to talk about the past." Canseco's book became a New York Times bestseller. On August 1, 2005, Palmeiro was suspended for 10 days by Major League Baseball after testing positive for steroids.
On December 13, 2007, José Canseco and Jorge Delgado were cited in the Mitchell Report (The Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball). On December 20, 2007, Canseco was also named in Jason Grimsley's unsealed affidavit as a user of steroids. Canseco and Grimsley were teammates on the 2000 New York Yankees.
On December 30, 2007, it was announced that Canseco had reached a deal for his sequel to Juiced. The sequel is titled Vindicated, which hit bookstores by Opening Day 2008. This book has information on Alex Rodriguez, and Albert Belle as suggested by Canseco. The book was a "clarification" of names that should've been mentioned in the Mitchell Report.
In a 2012 Sportsnet Interview article, Canseco said one of his only seasons without was in 1998 with the Toronto Blue Jays because he was in the process of a divorce and "didn’t want to use steroids while handling breakup-induced depression".
While still a player, he has guest starred on The Simpsons and Nash Bridges. Since his retirement, Canseco has appeared on Late Show with David Letterman, 60 Minutes, The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch, "Boomer and Carton", Howard Stern, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, CMI: The Chris Myers Interview, and Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List. In 2003, he was featured in the reality-TV special Stripper's Ball: Jenna Jameson with Dennis Rodman and Magic Johnson. He was a cast member in Season 5 of The Surreal Life with Janice Dickinson, Pepa of Salt-N-Pepa, Bronson Pinchot, Omarosa Manigault-Stallworth, Caprice Bourret, and Carey Hart.
In 2007, he received 6 Hall of Fame votes. This accounted for 1.1% of the ballots, failing to reach the 5% threshold necessary to stay on the ballot for another year. However, he can be elected to the Hall of Fame by the Committee of Baseball Veterans.
In May 2008, Philadelphia sportscaster and former NFL football player Vai Sikahema accepted a challenge from Canseco to fight him for $30,000. Canseco claims to have earned black belts in Kung Fu and Taekwondo, while Sikahema fought in the Golden Gloves tournament won by Sugar Ray Leonard. The fight took place on July 12 in Atlantic City at the Bernie Robbins stadium. The 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) Sikahema knocked out the 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) Canseco in the first round.
Canseco claims to hold black belts in karate and taekwondo, and to practice Muay Thai, as well as describing himself as "an expert with nunchakus". He made his mixed martial arts debut at Dream 9 on May 26, 2009, where he lost in the first round against 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m) kickboxer and occasional mixed martial artist Choi Hong-man as part of Dream's Super Hulk Tournament.
On November 6, 2009, Canseco defeated Todd Poulton in a Celebrity Boxing Federation bout in Springfield, Massachusetts. As of December 2010, he has launched a Twitter campaign in hopes of getting invited to Spring training by Mets GM Sandy Alderson.
Beginning March 6, 2011, Canseco was a contestant on The Celebrity Apprentice. He quit the show on the April 3, 2011, citing his father's ailing health. Canseco later announced on Twitter that his father died shortly after he left the show. Canseco did earn $25,000 for his charity, the Baseball Assistance Team.
He is also a columnist for Vice magazine.
Recently, Lane Patorti and Edward Stoney Landon have finished a reality show concept based on former professional athletes being placed into smalltown sports leagues. TMZ reported Canseco is currently in talks to star in the show, "A League of His Own."
In May 2013, Jose Canseco provided the foreword to the novel Air Force Gator 2: Scales of Justice by Dan Ryckert. In it, he claims the book about the alcoholic alligator pilot is a "weakly veiled" metaphor for his own life.
On October 28, 2014, Canseco accidentally shot himself on his left hand injuring one of his fingers while attempting to clean his gun at home in Las Vegas. After having surgery performed he was able to recover the full use of the hand.
Legal issues and Controversies
On February 10, 1989, Canseco was arrested for reckless driving after allegedly leading an officer on a 15-mile chase. He was found guilty and fined $500.
On February 13, 1992, he was charged with aggravated battery for allegedly ramming his then-wife Esther's BMW with his Porsche. On March 19, 1992, Canseco pleaded not guilty to charges of aggravated assault and later underwent counseling and fulfilled a community-service requirement.
In October 2001, Canseco and his brother, Ozzie, got into a fight with two California tourists at a Miami Beach nightclub that left one man with a broken nose and another needing 20 stitches in his lip; both were charged with two counts of aggravated battery. The brothers both pleaded guilty and received both probation and community service.
Following his retirement in May 2002 Canseco speculated about been "blackballed" from Major League Baseball, it was then when he announced he was writing a tell-all book about his baseball career and the growing use of steroids around baseball.
In March 2003, Canseco missed a court appearance while in California working out a custody dispute over his 6-year-old. The judge revoked his probation and sentenced him to two years under house arrest followed by three years probation.
In June 2003, Canseco was arrested at his home for probation violation after he tested positive for steroids. Canseco spent a month in jail without bail.
On October 10, 2008, Canseco was detained by immigration officials at a San Diego border crossing as he tried to bring a fertility drug from Mexico. He stated the drug was to help with his hormone replacement therapy, needed due to his use of steroids. On November 4, 2008, Canseco pleaded guilty in Federal court and was sentenced to 12 months' unsupervised probation by U.S. Magistrate Judge Ruben B. Brooks.
The 2008 A&E Network documentary Jose Canseco: Last Shot chronicles Canseco's attempts to end his steroid use. In it he also regrets ever writing his tell-all books and naming former teammates as steroid users, as he was never given the opportunity to participate in MLB-affiliated baseball. Since, he has tried unsuccessfully to reach out to former Bash Brother Mark McGwire and other ex-teammates  In 2014 he returned to the Oakland coliseum to take part in the reunion celebrating the 25th anniversary of the 1989 World Series championship team, this marked the first time Canseco took part in an oficial Major League event in almost 13 years. Mark McGwire, at the time coach for the Los Angeles Dodgers, did not attend the event.
In 2012, Canseco accepted a home run derby challenge by Canadian Twitter user Evan Malamud, father of an autistic child, as part of a fundraiser for an initiative called Home Runs For Autism. Canseco still remains[when?] active with the charity as their spokesperson.
On May 22, 2013, Canseco was named as a suspect in a rape allegation in Las Vegas. He broke the news himself on Twitter, denying the allegations and posting pictures and defamatory information about his accuser. On June 7, 2013, Canseco was cleared of any wrongdoing following an investigation. He was never charged.
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|1 match||0 wins||1 loss|
|Loss||0-1||Choi Hong-man||Submission (strikes)||Dream 9||May 26, 2009||1||1:17||Yokohama, Japan||DREAM Hulk Grand Prix Quarterfinal|
- List of Cuban Americans
- List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders
- List of Major League Baseball players from Cuba
- List of Cubans
- List of Major League Baseball individual streaks
- List of doping cases in sport
- List of Major League Baseball players named in the Mitchell Report
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- "September 9, 1985 Texas Rangers at Oakland Athletics Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
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- "Legislative Matter". miami-dade.fl.us. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
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- [dead link] Philly.com
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- Klopman, Michael (May 22, 2013). "Jose Canseco Tweets That He Has Been Charged With Rape: Las Vegas Police Say He Is Suspect In Sexual Assault Investigation". Huffington Post.
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