Jose Chacko Periappuram

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Jose Chacko Periappuram
Dr.jose main photo.jpg
Born28 April 1958
Years activeSince 1985
Known for
  • First successful Heart transplant in Kerala
  • First successful heart retransplant in India
  • First successful Beating Heart Surgery in Kerala
  • First successful TAR (Total Arterial Revascularization)
  • First Awake Bypass Surgery in Kerala
Medical career
InstitutionsUniversity Hospital of Wales
Manchester Royal Infirmary
Sub-specialtiesCardiothoracic surgery
Heart transplantation

Jose Chacko Periappuram (born 28 April 1958) is an Indian cardiac surgeon and medical writer who performed the first successful heart transplant in the state of Kerala, India, as well as the first successful heart retransplant in the country. His other achievements include the first beating heart, awake bypass and total arterial revascularization surgeries in the state. Periappuram is a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Surgeons of Glasgow and the Royal College of Surgeons of London. He is the founder and Chairman of "Heart Care Foundation", a charitable trust that financially assists poor heart patients. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, in 2011.

Early life[edit]

Jose Chacko Periappuram was born in South Paravur, a small village in Ernakulam district of the Indian state of Kerala, born to P. M. Chacko and Mary Chacko.[citation needed] His father was a botanist who is credited with the discovery two plant species and served as principal at St. Thomas College, Pala from 1979 to 1984.[1] Fr. Abel, the founder chairman of Kalabhavan, was his paternal uncle.[citation needed] After completing his matriculation studies from St. Ephraim's High School, Mannanam, he joined St. Thomas College, Palai, from where he earned a BSc with botany as the optional subject.[citation needed] He passed MBBS from Govt. Medical College, Kottayam in 1985 and after a year of senior house surgeoncy at the Kottayam Medical College, he proceeded to the United Kingdom for post-graduate education and training.[citation needed]

He completed his FRCS part 1 from the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland in Dublin in 1986 and completed his general surgical training from various hospitals in the Republic of Ireland. This included the County Hospital, Roscommon, Our Lady's Hospital, Drogheda, and the Mater Misericordiae Hospital at Dublin.[citation needed]

He passed his FRCS from the Royal College of Surgeons of Glasgow and Edinburgh in the year 1992. His higher cardiac surgical training was mainly at the University Hospital of Wales and Manchester Royal Infirmary and passed the FRCS in cardiac surgery in 1994, one of the few cardiac surgeons to secure this degree from all three surgical colleges. His mentor was I. M. Breckenridge, who was a member of the team which led the first heart surgery in England in the 1960s. He further underwent training in cardiac transplantation at the Papworth Hospital.[citation needed]

Heart transplants[edit]

On his return to Kerala, Periappuram joined Medical Trust Hospital, Kochi, where in May 2003 a team led by Periappuram performed the first heart transplantation in the state of Kerala, thus making it the third state in India to achieve this feat.[2] He performed a second heart transplant the next year.[3]

On 6 March 2014, Periappuram became the first cardiac surgeon to conduct a successful heart re-transplant in Indiay when a patient who had already received a transplant developed a heart valve infection a few months later.[4]

Other surgical achievements[edit]

Off-pump coronary artery bypass (beating heart surgery)

He was the first heart surgeon to commence a beating heart surgical program in Kerala. He is also the first surgeon in Kerala to perform bypass surgery using arterial grafts and also TAR.[5] Another group of patients who due to lung diseases could not have their surgeries done were helped by a novel technique called awake bypass surgery.[6]

Heart Care Foundation[edit]

His charitable trust called the Heart Care Foundation helps government medical colleges in Kerala enabling poor patients to have heart surgeries done, by helping them financially. They also aim to educate the common people of India about the heart diseases.[7] The Heart Care Foundation has multiple projects in operation.[8] They have donated organs to various Government Medical College Hospitals. They have also conducted charity runs and mini-marathons[9][10] and have organised the World Heart Day[11][12][13][14] countless times.

One such project aims to help 1000 patients undergo heart surgeries over 10 years at various Government Hospitals in Kerala. "Save a heart, save a life" is focused on educating people about the importance of Basic Life Support (BLS). Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) will be shown and taught to small groups all around Kerala so that the life support at basic level can be affected in times of need to save lives.[15]

They also publish a quarterly publication of the Heart Care Foundation called 'Caring Hearts' carrying extensive information about heart diseases, its prevention, causes and tips and also covers the progress of the activities of Heart Care foundation on a regular basis. Their efforts have led to implementation of AED devices in the Cochin airport.[16] Heart Care Foundation organised a musical evening 'Hridyam' in connection with the release of the educational audio video album 'Mi Corazon" aimed at educating people about organ donation, basic life support and also to inculcate charity among young minds.[17] to spread awareness on CPR and heart disease emergencies.

Positions held[edit]

  • Consultant and Head of Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery Lisie Heart Institute,[18] Kochi, Kerala, India
  • Chairman, Heart Care Foundation
  • Joint Secretary, Heart Failure Society of India
  • President, Quality Forum Kerala
  • Director, Kalabhavan Studios Ltd, Ernakulam
  • Trustee, Kalabhavan Talent Residential School, Kochi
  • Secretary of the Kerala Medical Association in 1981
  • National Organizing Secretary of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Conference in 2005[19]
  • An executive committee member of the Indian Cardio-Vascular Association for three years from 2005 to 2008



Besides numerous medical and non-medical articles being published, he has presented a large number of clinical studies at the various national conferences. He has also written an educative book about heart diseases in Malayalam called 'HRIDAYAM' (The Heart).


He spoke on the need for co-ordination between hospitals with elaborate heart care departments, at a press meeting on an uncommon multiple surgery on and introduced the orator. P.V. Louis for a speech on the need for accreditation of hospitals to ensure quality. He explained the need of bypass surgery in women[21] and the need for the youth to take their health into consideration.[22][23]

Several workshops[24][25] on the various types of surgeries such as beating heart surgery and CPR have been conducted. He has also participated in many seminars on topics like ethics of health care[26] in many prestigious institutions. He addressed the academic session on heart transplantation at a CME programme[27] in Kottayam. He also presented a paper on the need of hospitals for women and children and a paper on hybrid perspective in the management of aortic aneurysm'.

Sudansu Bhattacharya performed a surgery on beating heart at the Lisie Heart Institute along with chief cardiac surgeon Jose Chacko Periappuram which was telecast live to the conference room at the Lisie Hospital, enabling over 25 cardiac surgeons from the state assembled there to discuss and clarify doubts.[28]


  1. ^ "St.Thomas College, Palai History". 23 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  2. ^ "The heart of the problem". The Hindu. 28 July 2003. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Gift of life". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 21 December 2004. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Kerala man now lives with a third heart". India Today. Kerala, India. 15 April 2014.
  5. ^ "TAR Technique to Mend Ailing Hearts Remains Untapped by Medicos". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 15 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Rare heart surgery". The Hindu. 20 June 2004.
  7. ^ "Call to impart lessons on basic life support to all". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 26 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Save a life, save a life time". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 24 March 2011.
  9. ^ "Mini-marathon for healthy life". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 30 October 2009.
  10. ^ "Run for Heart". The New Indian Express. 7 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Slew of programmes to mark World Heart Day". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 24 September 2010.
  12. ^ "World Heart Day observed". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 1 October 2012.
  13. ^ "Various events mark World Heart Day Observance". IBN live. Kerala, India. 1 October 2012. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014.
  14. ^ "World Heart Day to be observed on Sunday". IBN live. Kerala, India. 24 September 2011. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014.
  15. ^ "CPR at Le Meridien". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 1 May 2011.
  16. ^ "Kochi Airport installs 2 lifesaving AEDs". The New Indian Express. 11 March 2012.
  17. ^ "Music straight from the heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 21 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Cardio Thoracic Surgery department".
  19. ^ "IACTS meet begins". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 18 February 2005. Archived from the original on 14 May 2005.
  20. ^ "Padma Awards". Padma Awards. Government of India. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Why women bypass their heart". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 30 September 2002.
  22. ^ "Time to take 'matters of the heart' seriously". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 25 September 2006. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
  23. ^ "Take time to live". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 30 June 2009.
  24. ^ "Workshop on haemodynamics held". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 26 July 2010.
  25. ^ "Co-ordinated efforts for cardiac care urged". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 22 April 2010.
  26. ^ "Seminar on ethics in medical care". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 10 July 2005. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008.
  27. ^ "Briefly". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 15 August 2004. Archived from the original on 2 October 2010.
  28. ^ "Heart surgery telecast live at Lisie Heart Institute". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 12 July 2009.

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