Jose Chacko Periappuram

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Jose Chacko Periappuram
Dr.jose main photo.jpg
Born28 April 1958
Education
Years activeSince 1985
Known for
  • First successful Heart transplant in Kerala
  • First successful heart retransplant in India
  • First successful Beating Heart Surgery in Kerala
  • First successful TAR (Total Arterial Revascularization)
  • First Awake Bypass Surgery in Kerala
Medical career
ProfessionSurgeon
InstitutionsUniversity Hospital of Wales
Manchester Royal Infirmary
Sub-specialtiesCardiothoracic surgery
Heart transplantation

Jose Chacko Periappuram (born 28 April 1958) is an Indian cardiac surgeon and medical writer who performed the first successful heart transplant in the state of Kerala, India, as well as the first successful heart retransplant in the country. His other achievements include the first beating heart, awake bypass and total arterial revascularization surgeries in the state. Credited with the performance of over 25,000 cardiac surgeries, Periappuram is a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Surgeons of Glasgow and the Royal College of Surgeons of London. He is the founder and Chairman of "Heart Care Foundation", a charitable trust that financially assists poor heart patients. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, in 2011.[1]

Early life[edit]

Jose Chacko Periappuram was born in South Paravur, a small village in Ernakulam district of the Indian state of Kerala, born to P. M. Chacko and Mary Chacko couple.[2] His father , P. M. Chacko, was a known botanist who is credited with the discovery two plant species and served as principal at St. Thomas College, Pala from 1979 to 1984.[3] Fr. Abel, the founder chairman of Kalabhavan, was his paternal uncle.[4] After completing his matriculation studies from St. Ephraim's High School, Mannanam, he joined St. Thomas College, Palai, from where he earned a BSc with botany as the optional subject.[5] He passed MBBS from Govt. Medical College, Kottayam in 1985 and after a year of senior house surgeoncy at the Kottayam Medical College, he proceeded to the United Kingdom for post-graduate education and training.

He completed his FRCS part 1 from the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland in Dublin in 1986 and completed his general surgical training from various hospitals in the Republic of Ireland. This included the County Hospital, Roscommon, Our Lady's Hospital, Drogheda, and the Mater Misericordiae Hospital at Dublin. He passed his FRCS from the Royal College of Surgeons of Glasgow and Edinburgh in the year 1992. His higher cardiac surgical training was mainly at the University Hospital of Wales and Manchester Royal Infirmary and passed the FRCS in cardiac surgery in 1994, one of the few cardiac surgeons to secure this degree from all three surgical colleges. His mentor was I. M. Breckenridge, who was a member of the team which led the first heart surgery in England in the 1960s. He further underwent training in cardiac transplantation at the Papworth Hospital.

First heart transplant[edit]

On his return to Kerala, Periappuram joined Medical Trust Hospital, Kochi, where a 34-year-old heart patient by the name of K. A. Abraham reported with the possibility of survival hanging on a heart transplant.[6] It was coincidental that the family of Sukumaran, who died in a road accident, agreed to donate the deceased's heart. In May 2003, the team led by Periappuram performed the first heart transplantation in the state of Kerala,[7] thus making it the third state in India to achieve this feat.[8]

Periappuram performed the second heart transplant the next year.[9] Vipin, the benefactor, had a heart transplant, as a part of the first multi-organ transplant in the state.[10] Periappuram has since performed over 11 heart transplants.[11][12][13][14][15]

First heart retransplant[edit]

On 6 March 2014, Jose became the first cardiac surgeon to conduct a successful heart re-transplant in the country.[16][17][18][19] 9 months later, Gireesh, the fourth transplant patient[20] had developed a fever which led to a valve infection and thus an unusable heart which had to be replaced.

Flying in a heart by the Navy's Dornier aircraft[edit]

On 24 July 2015, Jose and his team from Lisie Hospital used the services of the Indian navy by using their Dornier aircraft to transport the heart harvested from a patient in Thiruvananthapuram, about 210 km away, and reached back to Lisie Hospital in just 75 minutes. The roads were emptied by the police for the ambulance and it took them 20 minutes from when they landed at the naval base.[21][22][23][24][25][26][27]

[28][29][30] He has received honours from state leaders and the cardinal as well.[31][32][33] Kerala has plans to set up an air-ambulance system after how useful it was proven to be.[34][35][36]

Other surgical achievements[edit]

Off-pump coronary artery bypass (beating heart surgery)

He was the first heart surgeon to commence a beating heart surgical program in Kerala. He is also the first surgeon in Kerala to perform bypass surgery using arterial grafts and also TAR.[37] Jose pioneered performing bypass surgery using arteries only. Yet another group of patients who due to lung diseases could not have their surgeries done were helped by a very novel technique called awake bypass surgery.[38] This was done for the first time in Kerala by Jose. Bypass surgery is conventionally done under general anaesthesia, obstructing natural breathing and the patient would require a breathing machine (ventilator).

He has participated in more than 15,000 heart surgeries and has independently performed more than 10,000 surgeries. He has trained many surgeons who became senior consultants in many esteemed institutions in India and abroad. He has also performed a very large number of valvular heart surgeries and has performed the maximum number of tissue root replacements in India. He has helped various governmental hospitals in Kerala to establish heart surgery facilities.

Heart Care Foundation[edit]

His charitable trust called the Heart Care Foundation[39] helps government medical colleges in Kerala enabling poor patients to have heart surgeries done, by helping them financially. They also aim to educate the common people of India about the heart diseases.[40] The Heart Care Foundation[41][42] has multiple projects in operation.[43] They have donated organs to various Government Medical College Hospitals. They have also conducted charity runs and mini-marathons[44][45] and have organised the World Heart Day[46][47][48][49] countless times. M. Beena, director, Fisheries was presented with the Social Excellence Award for her services in society as the district administrator.[50]

Projects[edit]

This project[51] is aiming at helping 1000 patients to undergo heart surgeries over 10 years at various Government Hospitals in Kerala. 100 heart operations are aimed every year. This project is aimed at helping the poorest of the poor. The project helps patients with heart ailments to be treated at various governmental hospitals in Kerala and SCIMST only. "Save a heart, save a life" is focused on educating people about the importance of Basic Life Support (BLS). Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) will be shown and taught to small groups all around Kerala so that the life support at basic level can be affected in times of need to save lives.[52]

They also publish a quarterly publication of the Heart Care Foundation called 'Caring Hearts' carrying extensive information about heart diseases, its prevention, causes and tips and also covers the progress of the activities of Heart Care foundation on a regular basis. Their efforts have led to implementation of AED devices in the cochin airport.[53][54][55] Heart Care Foundation organised a musical evening 'Hridyam' in connection with the release of the educational audio video album 'Mi Corazon" aimed at educating people about organ donation, basic life support and also to inculcate charity among young minds.[56] to spread awareness on CPR and heart disease emergencies.

‘Hridayasamagamam'[57][58] was a family get-together of those who had undergone bypass surgery organised as a rehabilitation programme by the Heart Care Foundation and the Lisie Hospital at the hospital.[59]

The heart care foundation plans on creating a "Heart Village" where patients from around the country can clarify doubts to improve their psychological well-being.[60]

Positions held[edit]

Consultant and Head of Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery Lisie Heart Institute,[61] Kochi, Kerala, India chairman, Heart Care Foundation

Joint Secretary, Heart Failure Society of India

President, Quality Forum Kerala

Director, Kalabhavan Studios Ltd, Ernakulam

Trustee, Kalabhavan Talent Residential School, Kochi

Secretary of the Kerala Medical Association in 1981

National Organizing Secretary of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Conference in 2005[62][63][64][65]

An executive committee member of the Indian Cardio-Vascular Association for three years from 2005 to 2008

Awards[edit]

Books[edit]

Besides numerous medical and non-medical articles being published, he has presented a large number of clinical studies at the various national conferences. He has also written an educative book about heart diseases in Malayalam called 'HRIDAYAM' (The Heart).

Other[edit]

Former National Security Advisor and Paschim Banga (West Bengal) Governor M K Narayanan felicitated Jose on winning the Padmashri award at a function organised by the Forum for Growth, Development and Progress (GDP), Kochi.[68]

He spoke on the need for co-ordination between hospitals with elaborate heart care departments, at a press meeting on an uncommon multiple surgery on and introduced the orator. P.V. Louis for a speech on the need for accreditation of hospitals to ensure quality. He explained the need of bypass surgery in women[69] and the need for the youth to take their health into consideration.[70][71]

Several workshops[72][73] on the various types of surgeries such as beating heart surgery and CPR have been conducted. He has also participated in many seminars on topics like ethics of health care[74] in many prestigious institutions. He addressed the academic session on heart transplantation at a CME programme[75] in Kottayam. He also presented a paper on the need of hospitals for women and children and a paper on hybrid perspective in the management of aortic aneurysm'.

The Forum for Growth, Development and Progress of Kochi honoured him for services.[76] He was also felicitated by the Lisie Hospital[77] and the Indian Medical Association.[78] He was also felicitated at the Piravom Boat race in 2011.[79][80]

Sudansu Bhattacharya performed a surgery on beating heart at the Lisie Heart Institute along with chief cardiac surgeon Jose Chacko Periappuram which was telecast live to the conference room at the Lisie Hospital, enabling over 25 cardiac surgeons from the state assembled there to discuss and clarify doubts.[81]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards". Padma Awards. Government of India. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  2. ^ "P M Chacko". geni_family_tree. 23 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  3. ^ "St.Thomas College, Palai History". www.stcp.ac.in. 23 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Fr Abel Periappuram C M I". geni_family_tree. 23 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Medical college alumni to meet". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 11 August 2012.
  6. ^ "The heart of the problem". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 28 July 2003.
  7. ^ "Heart transplant: Donor's relatives honoured". The New Indian Express. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Heart transplant: Donor's relatives honoured". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 14 May 2013.
  9. ^ "The gift of life". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 13 October 2004.
  10. ^ "Gift of life". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 21 December 2004.
  11. ^ "Death be not proud, Kumari lives on". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 18 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Heart transplant beneficiary seeks awareness on organ donation". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 9 July 2013.
  13. ^ "A Surgeon Fascinated by the Beauty of the Beating Heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 23 April 2014.
  14. ^ "Man has a Fresh Shot at Life with His Third Heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 15 April 2014.
  15. ^ "Shruthi Embraces Life with a Smile". The New Indian Express. 14 August 2014.
  16. ^ "Mr Change of Heart". The New Indian Express. Kerala, India. 25 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Under the scalpel, he gets a second heart". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 15 April 2014.
  18. ^ "Kerala man now lives with a third heart". Kerala, India. 15 April 2014.
  19. ^ "Kerala man has a fresh shot at life after second heart transplant". Hindustan Times. 15 April 2014.
  20. ^ "Another heart transplant at Lisie Hospital, fourth in state". The Times of India. Kerala, India. 5 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Heart of gold: Organ airlifted to give man a fresh lease of life". Hindustan Times. 25 July 2015.
  22. ^ "Navy ferries live heart from TVM to Kochi". Deccan Chronicle. 25 July 2015.
  23. ^ "Heart Recipient Achadan Discharged". The New Indian Express. 5 September 2015.
  24. ^ "When a gut feeling created history". The Hindu. 26 July 2015.
  25. ^ "When busy Kochi made way to save a life". The Hindu. 25 July 2015.
  26. ^ "Delivering gift of life 209 km away in 45 minutes". The Hindu. 25 July 2015.
  27. ^ "6 hours to bring back life from the brink". The Hindu. 26 July 2015.
  28. ^ "Navy flies harvested heart to save a life in Kochi". DNA India. 25 July 2015.
  29. ^ "Cardinal pats medial team for successful heart transplant". matters india. 29 July 2015.
  30. ^ "City Witnesses 'Traffic' High Drama of Heartful Breakneck Speed". The New Indian Express. 25 July 2015.
  31. ^ "VS Honours Eminent Heart Surgeon". The New Indian Express. 26 August 2015.
  32. ^ "Cardinal Lauds Medical Team". The New Indian Express. 29 July 2015.
  33. ^ "'Achhe Din' for Achadan with Aerial Heart". The New Indian Express. 29 December 2015.
  34. ^ "Heli-ambulance Services on Cards, Says Sivakumar". The New Indian Express. 26 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Kerala Government Keen on Setting up Air Ambulance Services in State: CM Chandy". The New Indian Express. 14 August 2015.
  36. ^ "Kochi hospitals gear up for air ambulance service". The Times of India. 20 September 2015.
  37. ^ "TAR Technique to Mend Ailing Hearts Remains Untapped by Medicos". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 15 May 2014.
  38. ^ "Rare heart surgery". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 20 June 2004.
  39. ^ "Programme on heart care launched". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 15 May 2012.
  40. ^ "Call to impart lessons on basic life support to all". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 26 September 2011.
  41. ^ "Heart care foundation".
  42. ^ "Heart care foundation launched". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 26 September 2005.
  43. ^ "'Save a life, save a life time'". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 24 March 2011.
  44. ^ "Mini-marathon for healthy life". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 30 October 2009.
  45. ^ "Run for Heart". The New Indian Express. 7 October 2015.
  46. ^ "Slew of programmes to mark World Heart Day". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 24 September 2010.
  47. ^ "World Heart Day observed". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 1 October 2012.
  48. ^ "Various events mark World Heart Day Observance". IBN live. Kerala, India. 1 October 2012.
  49. ^ "World Heart Day to be observed on Sunday". IBN live. Kerala, India. 24 September 2011.
  50. ^ "Heart Care Foundation to honour M. Beena". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 4 March 2011.
  51. ^ "A link to the heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 4 August 2009.
  52. ^ "CPR at Le Meridien". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 1 May 2011.
  53. ^ "Cochin airport gets auto-defibrillators". The Hindu businessline. Kerala, India. 12 March 2012.
  54. ^ "Kochi Airport installs 2 lifesaving AEDs". IBN Live. Kerala, India. 12 March 2012.
  55. ^ "Kochi Airport installs 2 lifesaving AEDs". The New Indian Express. 11 March 2012.
  56. ^ "Music straight from the heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 21 March 2013.
  57. ^ "Right from the heart". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 24 November 2008.
  58. ^ "'Heart Must have Love, Compassion'". The New Indian Express. 20 April 2015.
  59. ^ "Whole-heartedly they bypassed all concerns". IBN Live. Kerala, India. 26 March 2012.
  60. ^ "'Heart Village' to Save and Serve the Sick at Heart". The New Indian Express. 27 September 2014.
  61. ^ "Cardio Thoracic Surgery department".
  62. ^ "IACTS meet begins". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 18 February 2005.
  63. ^ "Cardiac surgeons' conference". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 9 November 2004.
  64. ^ "Briefly". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 15 February 2005.
  65. ^ "Eminent doctors honoured". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 20 February 2005.
  66. ^ "Lions club awards announced". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 25 January 2004.
  67. ^ "Padmashri award". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 26 January 2011.
  68. ^ "Dr Jose Chacko felicitated". IBN Live. Kerala, India. 20 August 2011.
  69. ^ "Why women bypass their heart". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 30 September 2002.
  70. ^ "Time to take 'matters of the heart' seriously". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 25 September 2006.
  71. ^ "Take time to live". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 30 June 2009.
  72. ^ "Workshop on haemodynamics held". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 26 July 2010.
  73. ^ "Co-ordinated efforts for cardiac care urged". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 22 April 2010.
  74. ^ "Seminar on ethics in medical care". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 10 July 2005.
  75. ^ "Briefly". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 15 August 2004.
  76. ^ "Kochi Today - Honouring Dr.Jose". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 19 August 2011.
  77. ^ "Kochi Today - Felicitating Dr.Jose". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 15 February 2011.
  78. ^ "IMA chief blames Centre". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 7 February 2011.
  79. ^ "Piravom boat race on September 4". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 24 August 2011.
  80. ^ "Boat race at Piravom". The Hindu. Kerala, India. 17 August 2011.
  81. ^ "Heart surgery telecast live at Lisie Heart Institute". The Indian Express. Kerala, India. 12 July 2009.

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Heart-To-Heart". The New Indian Express. 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ "CPM Leaders Give Consent for Organ Donation". The New Indian Express. 17 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Killer Heart Disease Hits Poor Hard". The New Indian Express. 2 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Walkathon Held to Create Awareness on Cancer". The New Indian Express. 7 September 2015.
  5. ^ "'Indian Docs Gaining Global Acceptance'". The New Indian Express. 28 September 2015.
  6. ^ "MBBS convocation at Azeezia college". The Hindu. 17 October 2014.
  7. ^ "10 years after first heart transplant..." The Times of India. 13 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Man with rare blood group undergoes surgery". The Times of India. 4 July 2015.
  9. ^ "CM joins M'wood celebs to spread awareness". The Times of India. 21 October 2012.
  10. ^ "Kerala Govt to encourage private medical institutions". The Times of India. 6 December 2005.
  11. ^ "Dr Jose Periappuram, a cardiac surgeon who guard hearts". Mathrubhumi News. Retrieved 9 March 2016.