Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte

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Jose Panganiban
(Mambulao)
Municipality
Municipality of Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban Bicol.jpg
Official seal of Jose Panganiban
Seal
Motto: Alay sa Diyos at sa Bayan
Location within Camarines Norte
Location within Camarines Norte
Jose Panganiban is located in Philippines
Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.3°N 122.7°E / 14.3; 122.7Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.3°N 122.7°E / 14.3; 122.7
Country  Philippines
Region Bicol Region-Region V
Province Camarines Norte
District 1st district
Founded (as Mambulao) 1571
Founded (as Jose Panganiban) December 1, 1934
Barangays 27
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Ricarte Robledo Padilla (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Ariel Mimay Non (LP)
 • Municipal Council
Area[2]
 • Total 214.44 km2 (82.80 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 59,639
 • Density 259/km2 (670/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mambuleños
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4606
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Income class 2nd class[2]
Website mambulao.gov.ph

Jose Panganiban is a second-class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,639 people.[3]

The town of Jose Panganiban was formerly known as Mambulao, a word taken from “mambulawan,” meaning bountiful in gold. It was renamed to honor Jose Maria Panganiban on December 1, 1934.[4]

Barangays[edit]

Jose Panganiban is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Bagong Bayan
  • Calero
  • Dahican
  • Dayhagan
  • Larap
  • Luklukan Norte
  • Luklukan Sur
  • Motherlode
  • Nakalaya
  • Osmeña
  • Pag-Asa
  • Parang
  • Plaridel
  • North Poblacion
  • South Poblacion
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Martin
  • San Pedro
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Milagrosa
  • Santa Rosa Norte
  • Santa Rosa Sur
  • Tamisan

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Jose Panganiban
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 1,370 —    
1918 2,035 +2.67%
1939 20,889 +11.73%
1948 8,485 −9.53%
1960 27,144 +10.17%
1970 34,164 +2.32%
1975 32,746 −0.85%
1980 30,260 −1.57%
1990 44,408 +3.91%
1995 45,396 +0.41%
2000 46,064 +0.31%
2007 49,028 +0.86%
2010 55,557 +4.65%
2015 59,639 +1.36%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


In the 2015 census, the population of Jose Panganiban was 59,639 people,[3] with a density of 280 inhabitants per square kilometre or 730 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy[edit]

Panorama shot of Mambulao Bay
Mambulao Bay

Mining[edit]

It is known that even before the colonizers came, Mambulao was already a flourishing mining town. It was the Spaniards, drawn by the rumor of immense gold deposits in the Mambulao-Paracale district, who mastered in exploring the gold mining potentials of these towns.

From the 1750s to 1800s, Paracale held the major Spanish mines, but due to its closure in the 1790s, its people were living in desultory gold washing, fishing and selling betel nut to Mambulao which has now became the mining center. During that time, there were plenty of small shops but there’s no rice fields and vegetable gardening. All necessities came from Ambos Camarines and Tayabas (Quezon). Fifteen years later, the mines of Mambulao were no longer open. There was still some haphazard gold washing by women of Indio Class whose husbands, it was alleged, gambled away their meager earning in card games run by the town mayor. But by 1818, the population was back to the levels of the 1790s and by the mid-1820s annual gold production levels ran as 3,200 ounces (90.7 kg.) worth Php. 44,000 at prevailing prices. By 1829, Camarines Norte was considered to be wealthy and populous enough to warrant separation as province of its own for the first time. But after the 1840s the mining and population declined. Dr. Fedor Jagor (in his book Travels in the Philippines and The former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes), a well known German traveler who visited Mambulao in 1859, reported that it was thinly populated and that the mining mania was already ruined.[8] From 1837 to 1876 the population of Mambulao and Paracale decreased by 30%.

From 1900 until the early twenties, Mambulao was a sleepy town, isolated from the other towns of Camarines Norte. During the gold bloom, it was dubbed as “Little Manila”, due to flourishing business operated by Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Syrians and many others. Dutch-born Filipino citizen Jan Hendrik Marsman operated two rich mines during the American occupation, a substantial dredging operation and the Philippines only smelter located in the Mambulao- Paracale district. The population quadrupled between 1918 and 1938. One of the most notable mining company to operate in this municipality is the Philippine Iron Mines, then the largest iron mine in Asia.

Mining companies operating in Jose Panganiban include:

  • Philippine Iron Mines (defunct) 1925 to 1975, then biggest iron mine in Asia
  • San Mauricio Mining Company (defunct) 1933
  • Benguet Gold Mining Corporation (defunct)
  • Motherlode Mining Company (defunct)
  • J. G. Realty and Mining Company (defunct) 1987-1997
  • Johson Gold Mining Corporation[9]
  • Investwell Mining (mining arm of Isabelo Fonacier Mining)[10]
  • Ferro Management and Consultancy Group Inc. (FMCGI) 2008

Jose Panganiban Special Economic Zone[edit]

  • JPSEZ(1) Situated in Barangay Larap, Jose Panganiban created under Presidential Proclamation No. 508, s. 2003 [11]
  • JPSEZ(2) Situated in Barangay Osmena, Jose Panganiban. Pan Century Surfactants Inc. under the Aditya Birla Group operates in the area.[12]

Infrastructure[edit]

Panorama of Jose Panganiban's Social Center
Inside Roy Padilla Sr. Memorial Stadium

Airport and Seaports[edit]

The International Port of Jose Panganiban (Latitude 14° 17’N Longitude 122° 42’E) is nearly 2 miles wide at the entrance between Calambayungan Island and Pinandungan Point and with sea distance to Manila of 468.10 nautical miles.The port is situated at Barangay Osmeña which is approximately five (5) kilometers away from the town proper of Jose Panganiban. The port serves as the passage of all water borne traffic to and from the Paracale mining area, Larap., Lucena, other Quezon town and the rest of Bicol and Visayas provinces. Copra, coconut oil and copra pellets used to be its principal exports.[13][14]

The Port of Larap Bay is a natural coastal harbor situated at Barangay Larap (Latitude 14° 18' 36" N Latutude 122° 39' 0" E), currently serving the needs of a local mining company. The harbor entrance is restricted due to swell.[15][16]

The Larap (Jose Panganiban) Airport (ICAO Code: RPUP), formerly operated by the Philippine Iron Mines, covers an area of approximately 35 hectares and with existing 1,400 meter stretched runway.[17] It is located at Latitude 14°17′28″N Longitude 122°38′46″E.

The nearest airports that operate regularly are Naga Airport (126 km away) in Camarines Sur and Legazpi Airport (216 km away) in Albay.

Public Land Transportation[edit]

The municipal's public transportation needs are provided by Tricycles, Jeepneys (Route: Downtown to Mountainous Villages), Vans (Route: Jose Panganiban to Daet), and Buses (Routes: Jose Panganiban to Daet via Labo, Jose Panganiban to Tabaco, Albay via Naga City, and Jose Panganiban to Metro Manila). Philtranco, Superlines, and DLTB serve the Jose Panganiban/Paracale-Metro Manila route.

Electricity and Water Supply[edit]

Jose Panganiban is being served by the National Power Corporation through CANORECO (Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative). A Coal Power Plant is set to be built by H and WB Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. by 2016 which is expected to generate a total of 300 Megawatts of power supply using green coal technology.[18]

Water supply and treatment is provided by Jose Panganiban Water District, a local cooperative, via a system of pumps and pipes.

Communication[edit]

Mambulao Cable Television and JP Cable TV System provide digital cable services and internet connection throughout the municipality. Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular are the mobile, fixed-line, broadband, 3G and 4G internet service providers. International Calls are provided by the Local Government for free. Town FM 89.3 also broadcasts from the municipality.

Medical institutions[edit]

  • Jose Panganiban Primary Hospital Services Coop.
  • Barrios- Businos Medical Clinic and Hospital

Educational institutions[edit]

Panorama of JPNHS Admin Building
Jose Panganiban National High School's Administration Building (2011)

Post-secondary[edit]

  • Camarines Norte State College - Jose Panganiban Campus (College of Engineering and Industrial Technology) formerly Camarines Norte School of Arts and Trades
  • Roy Padilla Sr. (JP) Memorial Technical and Vocational Training Center (TESDA-accredited)

Public Secondary[edit]

  • Jose Panganiban National High School
  • Larap National High School
  • Sta. Cruz National High School
  • Milagros Villarasa-Torres National High School

Public Primary[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

Listed below are private schools currently included in Department of Education's Masterlist. [19]

  • Ave Maria Children Center - North Poblacion
  • Montessori de Mambulao Learning Centre - Plaridel
  • St. Roch Children's Center - Larap
  • Wonderkids Science Montessori School - South Poblacion

Places of interest[edit]

Historical landmarks[edit]

Jose Maria Panganiban y Enverga's Monument in front of the Municipal Hall. Known to have "Memoria Fotografia", JOMAPA (his pen name) contributed to La Solidaridad.

Churches[edit]

Roman Catholic Churches[edit]

  • Parish of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary
  • Parish of Saint Roch in Larap

Other Christian Churches[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

  • Hot FM 94.3 - Jose Panganiban (Manila Broadcasting Corporation)
  • Town FM 89.3 - Jose Panganiban

Sister City[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAMARINES NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Municipal Profile". Official Website of Jose Panganiban. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Camarines Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Travels in the Philippines" (English) Reisen in den Philippinen. Chapman and Hall, London 1875
  9. ^ http://www.johsongold.com/
  10. ^ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/38473/denr-execs-want-to-regulate-small-scale-mining
  11. ^ http://www.gov.ph/2003/12/02/proclamation-no-508-s-2003/
  12. ^ http://www.business-in-asia.com/philippines/ph_economic_zones.html
  13. ^ http://www.pdosoluz.com.ph/terminal-port-of-jose-panganiban.html
  14. ^ http://www.anchorageworld.com/content/jose-panganiban[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ http://www.portarrivals.com/ports.asp?sec=Port&item=58090
  16. ^ http://www.anchorageworld.com/content/larap-bay[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Infrastracure". 
  18. ^ "Power Plant". 
  19. ^ "List of Schools acknowledged by the Department of Education". 
  20. ^ http://nhcphistoricsites.blogspot.com/2011/11/jose-ma-panganiban-y-enverga-monument.html
  21. ^ http://www.makati.gov.ph/portal/roms/roms_view.jsp?cat_no=040&view=cat
  22. ^ http://camnortenews.com/page/?p=4481

External links[edit]