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Josef Redtenbacher

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Josef Redtenbacher (1810-1870)

Josef Redtenbacher (March 13, 1810 – March 5, 1870) was an Austrian chemist born in Kirchdorf an der Krems, Upper Austria.[1][2][3][4][5] He was a brother to entomologist Ludwig Redtenbacher (1814–1876).

He studied medicine and botany at the University of Vienna, and was influenced by the work of mineralogist Friedrich Mohs. After graduation, he remained in Vienna as an assistant to chemist Joseph Franz von Jacquin. He later travelled to Germany, where he studied mineralogy under Heinrich Rose in Berlin and organic chemistry with Justus von Liebig at the University of Giessen.[6]

Subsequently, he became a professor of chemistry at the University of Prague, and in 1849, returned to Vienna as a successor to Adolf Martin Pleischl. Shortly before his death, he was planning, together with architect Heinrich von Ferstel, construction of a new university laboratory in Vienna.[6]

He is credited with the discoveries of acrolein and acrylic acid.[7] He also performed important research involving the composition of taurine.


  1. ^ Johannes Uray, Organische Chemie in chemischer Forschung und Lehre an österreichischen Universitäten zwischen 1840 und 1870. In: Bericht über den 25. Österreichischen Historikertag in St. Pölten 2008. St. Pölten 2010, S 402-427.
  2. ^ Redtenbacher Josef: "Oberhummer, W.". In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Vol. 9, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1988, ISBN 3-7001-1483-4, p. 13 f. (Direct links to "p. 13", "p. 14")
  3. ^ Constant von Wurzbach (1868). "Redtenbacher, Josef]". Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. Vol. 25. Wien.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  4. ^ Kohn, Moritz. (1947). "Joseph Redtenbacher". Journal of Chemical Education. 24 (8): 366. Bibcode:1947JChEd..24..366K. doi:10.1021/ed024p366.
  5. ^ "Josef Redtenbacher". Austria-Forum. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
  6. ^ a b ADB:Redtenbacher, Joseph @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie.
  7. ^ Discovery of Acrolein and Acrylic acid Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine

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