Josef Svatopluk Machar
|Born||29 February 1864|
Kolín, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire
|Died||17 March 1942 (aged 78)|
Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
|Resting place||Brandýs nad Labem|
Josef Svatopluk Machar (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjozɛf ˈsvatopluk ˈmaxar]; 1864 – 1942) was a Czech poet and essayist. A leader of the realist movement in Czech poetry and a master of colloquial Czech, Machar was active in anti-Austrian political circles in Vienna. Many of his poems were satires of political and social conditions. In the poetic cycle The Conscience of the Ages (1901–1921), of which Golgotha was the initial volume, he contrasted antique with Christian civilization, favoring the former. His Magdalena (1893, translated into English by Leo Wiener, 1916), a satirical novel in verse, concerns the treatment of women. Both Machar's use of colloquial diction and his skepticism greatly influenced Czech literature and public opinion. He was the father of Sylva Macharová, one of the first Czech nurses and first head of the Czech School of Nursing.
- "Josef Svatopluk Machar" (PDF). Ústav pro českou literaturu (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Institute of Czech Literature of the Czech Academy of Sciences. n.d. pp. 505–526. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Pistulková, Alena (2007). Osobnosti českého ošetřovatelství [Personalities of Czech nursing] (Bc.) (in Czech). České Budějovice, Czech Republic: University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice.
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