Josef Svatopluk Machar

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Josef Svatopluk Machar
Josef Svatopluk Machar before 1923
Josef Svatopluk Machar before 1923
Born(1864-02-29)29 February 1864
Kolín, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire
Died17 March 1942(1942-03-17) (aged 78)
Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Resting placeBrandýs nad Labem
OccupationWriter, journalist

Josef Svatopluk Machar (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjozɛf ˈsvatopluk ˈmaxar]; 1864 – 1942) was a Czech poet and essayist. A leader of the realist movement in Czech poetry and a master of colloquial Czech, Machar was active in anti-Austrian political circles in Vienna. Many of his poems were satires of political and social conditions. In the poetic cycle The Conscience of the Ages (1901–1921), of which Golgotha was the initial volume, he contrasted antique with Christian civilization, favoring the former. His Magdalena (1893, translated into English by Leo Wiener, 1916), a satirical novel in verse, concerns the treatment of women. Both Machar's use of colloquial diction and his skepticism greatly influenced Czech literature and public opinion.[1] He was the father of Sylva Macharová, one of the first Czech nurses and first head of the Czech School of Nursing.[2]

He cooperated with T. G. Masaryk resistance organization Maffie from December 1914.[3]


  1. ^ "Josef Svatopluk Machar" (PDF). Ústav pro českou literaturu (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Institute of Czech Literature of the Czech Academy of Sciences. n.d. pp. 505–526. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  2. ^ Pistulková, Alena (2007). Osobnosti českého ošetřovatelství [Personalities of Czech nursing] (Bc.) (in Czech). České Budějovice, Czech Republic: University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice.
  3. ^ PRECLÍK, Vratislav. Masaryk a legie (Masaryk and legions), váz. kniha, 219 str.,first issue - vydalo nakladatelství Paris Karviná, Žižkova 2379 (734 01 Karvina, Czechia) ve spolupráci s Masarykovým demokratickým hnutím (Masaryk Democratic Movement, Prague), 2019, ISBN 978-80-87173-47-3, pp. 4 - 6, 8 - 9, 21 - 22, 87 - 89, 124 - 128,140 - 148,184 - 199

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