Josef Svatopluk Machar

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Josef Svatopluk Machar
MacharJS1923.jpg
Josef Svatopluk Machar before 1923
Born (1864-02-29)29 February 1864
Kolín, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire
Died 17 March 1942(1942-03-17) (aged 78)
Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Resting place Brandýs nad Labem
Occupation Writer, journalist
Nationality Czech

Josef Svatopluk Machar ([ˈjosɛf ˈsvatopluk ˈmaxar]; 1864 – 1942) was a Czech poet and essayist. A leader of the realist movement in Czech poetry and a master of colloquial Czech, Machar was active in anti-Austrian political circles in Vienna. Many of his poems were satires of political and social conditions. In the poetic cycle The Conscience of the Ages (1901–1921), of which Golgotha was the initial volume, he contrasted antique with Christian civilization, favoring the former. His Magdalena (1894, translated into English by Leo Wiener, 1916), a satirical novel in verse, concerns the treatment of women. Both Machar's use of colloquial diction and his brilliantly expressed skepticism greatly influenced Czech literature and public opinion.[1] He was the father of Sylva Macharová, one of the first Czech nurses and first head of the Czech School of Nursing.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Josef Svatopluk Machar" (PDF). Ústav pro českou literaturu (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Institute of Czech Literature of the Czech Academy of Sciences. n.d. pp. 505–526. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Pistulková, Alena (2007). Osobnosti českého ošetřovatelství [Personalities of Czech nursing] (Bc.) (in Czech). České Budějovice, Czech Republic: University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice. 

External links[edit]

Several works by Josef Svatopluk Machar on the website of the Municipal Library in Prague (in Czech)