The Venus of Willendorf is an 11.1-centimetre-high (4.4 in) statuette of a female figure, discovered at a paleolithic site near Willendorf, a village in Lower Austria near the city of Krems. It is carved from an oolitic limestone that is not local to the area, and tinted with red ochre. It was estimated to have been carved between 24,000 and 22,000 BCE.
As a result of this and other finds, he founded the Department of Prehistory at the Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna in 1882. Szombathy collected finds from all over the Austro-Hungarian empire, including Galicia, Bukovina, Bohemia, Moravia, Carniola, and Vojvodina.
Josef Szombathy died of natural causes in 1943.
- "Die Aurignacienschichten in Löss von Willendorf," Korrespondenzblatt der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie, und Urgeschichte, XL (1909), 85-88
- Antl-Weiser, Walpurga. "The anthropomorphic figurines from Willendorf" (PDF). Niederösterreichischen Landesmuseum,. Retrieved 24 December 2012.