8th District of Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
|• District Director||Veronika Mickel-Göttfert (ÖVP)|
|• First Deputy||Josef Mantl (ÖVP)|
|• Second Deputy||Alexander Spritzendorfer (Green)|
| • Representation|
|ÖVP 13, Green 12, SPÖ 8, FPÖ 4, NEOS 2, ECHT 1|
|• Total||1.08 km2 (0.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||23,000/km2 (60,000/sq mi)|
|Address of |
Josefstadt (German pronunciation: [ˈjoːzɛfˌʃtat] (listen); Central Bavarian: Josefstod) is the eighth district of Vienna (German: 8. Bezirk, Josefstadt). It is near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later. Josefstadt is a heavily populated urban area with many workers and residential homes. It has a population of 24,279 people (2014). With an area of 1.08 km² (.42 sq.mi.), Josefstadt is the smallest district in Vienna, and was named after the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I.
It consists of the former Vorstädte of Josefstadt, Breitenfeld, Strozzigrund, and Alt-Lerchenfeld, as well as parts of St. Ulrich and Alservorstadt. The district borders are formed by Alser Straße (north), Lerchenfelderstraße (south), Hernalsergürtel and Lerchenfeldergürtel in the west, and Auerspergstraße and Landesgerichtsstraße in the east.
Josefstadt has developed into a middle-class neighbourhood. Most mayors of Vienna have lived here, as does Austria's former president. Due to its proximity to the University of Vienna, Josefstadt is also the home of many students.
Josefstadt is located in the center of the city of Vienna. Covering an area of 1.08 km2, it is the smallest district of Vienna, where Josefstadt occupies only 0.26% of the area of Vienna. The district lies between the Vienna belt and the so-called two-line, and it is one of the most densely built districts of Vienna. Only 2% of the district accounted for pasture land.
The Josefstadt district lies on a plateau between two streams now channeled Wienerwald, with Josefstadt not quite where the streams can reach. The Alser Bach (now led under the Lazarettgasse) and the Ottakringer Bach (today between Lerchenfelder Street and Neustiftgasse), before the construction, had dug deep valleys with a partially strong gap in the area, resulting in significant differences in height within the district areas. The western border on Lerchenfelder belt lies at an altitude of 204.5 meters, while on the eastern edge of the district, the Friedrich-Schmidt Square reached a height of 180 meters. Also, between the north and south of the county area, there are differences in altitude. Thus, the intersection Kochgasse/Alserstraße, in the north, reached to 185 meters in height, the plateau Florianigasse-Skodagasse to 198 meters in height, and the intersection of Lerchenfelder Street with Kaiserstrasse (in the south) to 196 meters in height.
Josefstadt was formed from the former suburbs Altlerchenfeld, Breitenfeld, Josef city and Strozzigrund. Added to this was the proportion of the Alser southern suburb and a small part of St. Ulrich. In the northeast area of the district, between High Street and Florianigasse and Feldgasse, lies Alservorstadt (suburbs), where the northern part of the district is called Alsergrund. In parts, the Alservorstadt section includes the Municipal District, the Regional Court, the Museum for Ethnology, as well as the largest park in the district, the Schoenborn Park. In the north-west of the district, Breitenfelder Kirche (church) lies between the belts Florianigasse and Feldgasse of Breitenfeld. The north of the Josefstädter Street and the southeastern area of the territory belongs to the sub-district Josefstadt. The most important buildings are the Theater of Josefstadt and the church Piaristenkirche "Maria Treu." Around Strozzigasse, there is the small district-section Strozzigrund, with the tax office. Included is the Strozzigrund in the west and east of Altlerchenfeld, where in the Pfeilgasse, several student residences are located. In the southeast area of the district, in the southern area of Piaristengasse, a small part of St. Ulrich is located, whose largest part is located in the adjacent district Neubau.
A breakdown of the district area is also in the Zählbezirken of official statistics, in which the district census of each municipality are combined. The three Zählbezirke in Josefstadt are Laudongasse, Josefstädter Straße (street) and Bennoplatz.
|District directors since 1945|
|Egon Schiska (KPÖ)||4/1945-7/1945|
|Gustav Lorant (ÖVP)||7/1945-11/1945|
|Richard Honetz (ÖVP)||1945–1946|
|Hans Preyer (ÖVP)||1946–1950|
|Alexander Riedl (ÖVP)||1950–1954|
|Franz Bartl (ÖVP)||1954–1959|
|Marie Franc (ÖVP)||1959–1964|
|Walter Kasparek (ÖVP)||1964–1980|
|Ludwig Zerzan (ÖVP)||1990–1994|
|Franz Neubauer (ÖVP)||1994–1998|
|Margit Kostal (ÖVP)||1998–2005|
|Heribert Rahdjian (Green, later ECHT)||2005-2010|
|Veronika Mickel-Göttfert (ÖVP)||2010–|
- Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt
- Anton Wildgans
- Karl von Frisch
- Heinz Fischer
- Kurt Gödel
- Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach
- Ödön von Horvath
- Milo Dor
- H.C. Artmann
- Ignaz Semmelweis
- Johann Adam Hoyer
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016), Statistik Austria.
- Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
- [Parts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.]
- "Wien - 8. Bezirk/Josefstadt", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-josefstadt (in German).
- "BezirksvorsteherInnen und deren StellvertreterInnen im 8. Bezirk seit 1945", Wien.gv.at, 2012, webpage:  (in German).
- Felix Czeike: Wiener Bezirkskulturführer: VIII. Josefstadt. Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-7141-6226-7.
- Elfriede Faber: Zeitsprünge Wien-Josefstadt. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2006, ISBN 978-3-89702-875-3.
- Christine Klusacek: Josefstadt. Beiseln, Bühnen, Beamte ("Josefstadt: Platforms, Officials"). Mohl, Vienna 1991, ISBN 3-900272-40-9.
- Carola Leitner: Josefstadt: Wiens 8. Bezirk in alten Fotografien ("Josefstadt: Vienna's 8th District in Old Photographs"). Ueberreuter, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-8000-7204-1.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vienna/Josefstadt.|